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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

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PROFESSIONS AND OCCUPATIONS
(225 ILCS 735/) Timber Buyers Licensing Act.

225 ILCS 735/1

    (225 ILCS 735/1) (from Ch. 111, par. 701)
    Sec. 1.
    This Act may be known and cited as the "Timber Buyers Licensing Act".
(Source: P.A. 76-1307.)

225 ILCS 735/2

    (225 ILCS 735/2) (from Ch. 111, par. 702)
    Sec. 2. When used in this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, the term:
    "Person" means any person, partnership, firm, association, business trust or corporation.
    "Timber" means trees, standing or felled, and parts thereof which can be used for sawing or processing into lumber for building or structural purposes or for the manufacture of any article. "Timber" does not include firewood, Christmas trees, fruit or ornamental trees or wood products not used or to be used for building, structural, manufacturing or processing purposes.
    "Timber buyer" means any person licensed or unlicensed, who is engaged in the business of buying timber from the timber growers thereof for sawing into lumber, for processing or for resale, but does not include any person who occasionally purchases timber for sawing or processing for his own use and not for resale.
    "Buying timber" means to buy, barter, cut on shares, or offer to buy, barter, cut on shares, or take possession of timber, with or without the consent of the timber grower.
    "Timber grower" means the owner, tenant or operator of land in this State who has an interest in, or is entitled to receive any part of the proceeds from the sale of timber grown in this State and includes persons exercising authority to sell timber.
    "Department" means the Department of Natural Resources.
    "Director" means the Director of Natural Resources.
    "Employee" means any person in service or under contract for hire, expressed or implied, oral or written, who is engaged in any phase of the enterprise or business at any time during the license year.
(Source: P.A. 89-445, eff. 2-7-96.)

225 ILCS 735/3

    (225 ILCS 735/3) (from Ch. 111, par. 703)
    Sec. 3.
    Every person before engaging in the business of timber buyer shall obtain a license for such purpose from the Department. Application for such license shall be filed with the Department and shall set forth the name of the applicant, its principal officers if the applicant is a corporation or the partners if the applicant is a partnership, the location of any principal office or place of business of the applicant, the counties in this State in which the applicant proposes to engage in the business of timber buyer and such additional information as the Department by regulation may require.
    The application shall set forth the aggregate dollar amount paid to timber growers for timber purchased in this State during the applicant's last completed fiscal or calendar year. In the event the applicant has been engaged as a timber buyer for less than one year, his application shall set forth the dollar amount paid to timber growers for the number of completed months during which the applicant has been so engaged. If the applicant has not been previously engaged in buying timber in this State, the application shall set forth the estimated aggregate dollar amount to be paid by the applicant to timber growers for timber to be purchased from them during the next succeeding 12 month period.
(Source: P.A. 77-2796.)

225 ILCS 735/4

    (225 ILCS 735/4) (from Ch. 111, par. 704)
    Sec. 4. Bond. Every person licensed as a timber buyer shall file with the Department, on a form prescribed and furnished by the Department, a performance bond payable to the State of Illinois by and through the Department and conditioned on the faithful performance of and compliance with all requirements of the license and this Act. The bond shall be a surety bond signed by the person to be licensed as principal and by a good and sufficient corporate surety authorized to engage in the business of executing surety bonds within the State of Illinois as surety thereon. In lieu of a surety bond an applicant for a timber buyers license may, with the approval of the Department, deposit with the Department as security a certificate of deposit or irrevocable letter of credit of any bank organized or transacting business in the United States in an amount equal to or greater than the amount of the required bond. Such deposits shall be made, held, and disposed of as provided in this Act and by the Department by rule. A bond or certificate of deposit shall be made payable upon demand to the Director, subject to the provisions of this Act, and any rules adopted under this Act, and shall be for the use and benefit of the people of the State of Illinois, for the use and benefit of any timber grower from whom the applicant purchased timber and who is not paid by the applicant or for the use and benefit of any timber grower whose timber has been cut by the applicant or licensee or his or her agents and who has not been paid therefor; and for the use and benefit of any person aggrieved by the actions of the timber buyer.
    Except as otherwise provided, in this Section, such bond shall be in the principal amount of $500 for an applicant who paid timber growers $5,000 or less for timber during the immediate preceding year, and an additional $100 for each additional $1,000 or fraction thereof paid to timber growers for timber purchased during the preceding year, but shall not be more than $10,000. In the case of an applicant not previously engaged in business as a timber buyer, the amount of such bond shall be based on the estimated dollar amount to be paid by such timber buyer to timber growers for timber purchased during the next succeeding year, as set forth in the application; such bond shall, in no event, be in the principal amount of less than $500. In the case of a timber buyer whose bond has previously been forfeited in Illinois or in any other state, the Department shall double the applicable minimum bond amounts under this Section.
    A bond filed in accordance with this Act shall not be cancelled or altered during the period for which the timber buyer remains licensed by the Department except upon at least 60 days notice in writing to the Department; in the event that the applicant has deposited certificates of deposit in lieu of a corporate surety the Department may retain possession of such certificates of deposit for a period of 60 days following the expiration or revocation of his or her license.
    At any such time as a licensee fails to have the necessary surety bonds, certificates of deposit, or irrevocable letters of credit on deposit with the Department as required herein, the Department may immediately, and without notice, suspend the privileges of such licensee. In the event of such suspension, the Department shall give immediate notice of the same to the licensee and shall further reinstate such license upon the posting of the required surety bond, certificates of deposit, or irrevocable letters of credit.
    Bonds shall be in such form and contain such terms and conditions as may be approved from time to time by the Director, be conditioned to secure an honest cutting and accounting for timber purchased by the licensee, secure payment to the timber growers and to insure the timber growers against all fraudulent acts of the licensee in the purchase and cutting of the timber of this State.
    In the event the timber buyer fails to pay when owing any amount due a timber grower for timber purchased, or fails to pay judicially determined damages for timber wrongfully cut by a timber buyer or his agent, whether such wrongful cutting has occurred on or adjacent to the land which was the subject of timber purchase from a timber grower, or commits any violation of this Act, then an action on the bond or deposit for forfeiture may be commenced. Such action is not exclusive and is in addition to any other judicial remedies available.
    In the event that the timber grower or owner of timber cut considers himself or herself aggrieved by a timber buyer, he or she shall notify the Department in writing of such grievance and thereafter the Department shall within 10 days give written notice to the timber buyer of the alleged violation of this Act or of any violation or noncompliance with the regulations hereunder of which the timber grower or owner of timber complains. The written notice to the timber buyer shall be from the Department by registered or certified mail to the licensee and his or her sureties stating in general terms the nature of the violation and that an action seeking forfeiture of the bond may be commenced at any time after the 10 days from the date of said notice if at the end of that period the violation still remains. In the event the Department shall fail to give notice to the timber buyer as provided herein, the timber grower or owner of timber cut may commence his or her own action for forfeiture of the licensee's bond.
    The timber buyer, after receiving notice from the Department as provided herein, may within 10 days from the date of such notice, request in writing to appear and be heard regarding the alleged violation.
    Upon such request from the timber buyer, the Department shall schedule a hearing, designating the time and place thereof. At such hearing the timber buyer may present for consideration of the Department any evidence, statements, documents or other information relevant to the alleged violation. The hearing shall be presided over by the Director or by any hearing officer he or she may designate. The hearing officer shall take evidence offered by the timber buyer or the Department and shall, if requested by the Department, submit his or her conclusions and findings which shall be advisory to the Director. Any hearings provided for in this Section shall be commenced within 30 days from the request therefor.
    Should the timber buyer fail to make timely request for a hearing after receipt of the notice from the Department as provided herein, or after a hearing is concluded, the Department may either withdraw the notice of violation or request the Attorney General to institute proceedings to have the bond of the timber buyer forfeited. The Attorney General, upon such request from the Department, shall institute proceedings to have the bond of the timber buyer forfeited for violation of any of the provisions of this Act or for noncompliance with any Department regulation.
    In the event that the licensee's bond is forfeited, the proceeds thereof shall first be applied to any sums determined to be owed to the timber grower or owner of timber cut and then to the Department to defray expenses incurred by the Department in converting the security into money. Thereafter, the Department shall pay such excess to the timber buyer who furnished such security.
    In the event the Department realizes less than the amount of liability from the security, after deducting expenses incurred by the Department in converting the security into money, it shall be grounds for the revocation of the timber buyer's license.
(Source: P.A. 92-805, eff. 8-21-02.)

225 ILCS 735/5

    (225 ILCS 735/5) (from Ch. 111, par. 705)
    Sec. 5. It shall be unlawful and a violation of this Act:
    (a) For any timber buyer to knowingly and willfully fail to pay, as agreed, for any timber purchased,
    (b) For any timber buyer to knowingly and willfully cut or cause to be cut or appropriate any timber without the consent of the timber grower,
    (c) For a timber buyer to willfully make any false statement in connection with the application, bond or other information required to be given to the Department or a timber grower,
    (d) To fail to honestly account to the timber grower or the Department for timber purchased or cut if the buyer is under a duty to do so,
    (e) For a timber buyer to commit any fraudulent act in connection with the purchase or cutting of timber,
    (f) For a timber buyer or land owner or operator to fail to file the report or pay the fees required in Section 9a of this Act, and
    (g) For any person to resist or obstruct any officer, employee or agent of the Department in the discharge of his duties under the provisions hereof.
(Source: P.A. 86-208.)

225 ILCS 735/7

    (225 ILCS 735/7) (from Ch. 111, par. 707)
    Sec. 7. License; issuance, validity, and renewal; certificate. If the Department is satisfied that the applicant has fulfilled the requirements and if the bond and sureties or bank certificate of deposit filed by the applicant is approved, the Department may issue a license to the applicant. The licenses issued shall be valid for a calendar year and may be renewed annually. A copy of the license certificate issued by the Department shall be posted in the principal office of the licensee in this State. The timber buyer identification card issued by the Department shall be carried upon the person of the timber buyer when conducting activities covered under this Act for immediate presentation for inspection to the officers and authorized employees of the Department, any sheriff, deputy sheriff, or any other peace officer making demand for it. No person charged with violating this Section, however, shall be convicted if he or she produces in court satisfactory evidence that a timber buyer identification card that was valid at the time of the offense had been issued to the timber buyer.
    Upon request for a license and payment of the fee, the Department shall issue to the licensee a certificate that a license has been granted and a bond filed as required by this Act.
(Source: P.A. 92-805, eff. 8-21-02.)

225 ILCS 735/8

    (225 ILCS 735/8) (from Ch. 111, par. 708)
    Sec. 8. The application for a license to operate as a timber buyer, or a renewal thereof, shall be accompanied by a filing fee of $25. The fee to be paid for a certificate that a license has been issued and security filed is $5.
    The fees required by this Section shall be deposited in the Illinois Forestry Development Fund for the purposes of the "Illinois Forestry Development Act".
(Source: P.A. 85-287.)

225 ILCS 735/9

    (225 ILCS 735/9) (from Ch. 111, par. 709)
    Sec. 9. The Department may inspect the premises used by any timber buyer in the conduct of his or her business at any reasonable time and the books, accounts, records and papers of every such timber buyer shall at all times during business hours be subject to inspection by the Department. Any person licensed as a timber buyer as defined in this Act, or any person who has purchased, bartered, or attempted to purchase or barter timber, or any person having possession or who has had possession of timber as defined in this Act shall prima facie be considered a timber buyer. A timber buyer shall retain the books, accounts, records and papers used in the conduct of his or her business for a period of 3 years after any purchase of timber made by the timber buyer.
(Source: P.A. 85-287.)

225 ILCS 735/9a

    (225 ILCS 735/9a) (from Ch. 111, par. 709a)
    Sec. 9a. When a timber buyer purchases timber in this State, the buyer shall determine the amount to be paid for such timber, or the value of items to be bartered for such timber, and shall deduct from the payment to the timber grower an amount which equals 4% of the purchase price and shall forward such amount to the Department of Natural Resources, along with a report of the purchase on forms provided by the Department.
    Every timber grower who utilizes timber produced on land he owns or operates for sawing into lumber, for processing, or for resale, except a person who occasionally uses his own timber for sawing or processing for his own use and not for resale, shall report periodically, as required by regulation of the Department, the quantity of timber produced and utilized by the owner or operator during the reporting period. Such timber grower shall pay to the Department, when the periodic report is submitted, an amount equal to 4% of the gross value of the timber utilized during the period. The value of such timber shall be determined pursuant to rule of the Department. Such rules shall include a voluntary arbitration program for use in situations in which a dispute arises as to the gross value of the timber.
    The fees required by this Section shall be deposited in the Illinois Forestry Development Fund, a special fund in the State Treasury, for the purposes of the "Illinois Forestry Development Act".
(Source: P.A. 89-445, eff. 2-7-96.)

225 ILCS 735/10

    (225 ILCS 735/10) (from Ch. 111, par. 710)
    Sec. 10.
    The Department may make such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 76-1307.)

225 ILCS 735/11

    (225 ILCS 735/11) (from Ch. 111, par. 711)
    Sec. 11. Penalties.
    (a) Except as otherwise provided in this Section any person in violation of any of the provisions of this Act, or administrative rules thereunder, shall be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
    (a-5) Any person convicted of violating Section 3 of this Act shall be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor and fined at least $500 for a first offense and guilty of a Class 4 felony and fined at least $1,000 for a second or subsequent offense.
    (b) Any person convicted of violating subsections (a) or (b) of Section 5 of this Act is guilty of a Class 4 felony if the aggregate value of the timber purchased, cut, caused to be cut or appropriated is over $300 but not more than $2,500.
    (b-5) Any person convicted of violating subsection (a) or (b) of Section 5 of this Act is guilty of a Class 3 felony if the aggregate value of the timber purchased, cut, caused to be cut, or appropriated is over $2,500 but not more than $10,000.
    (b-10) Any person convicted of violating subsection (a) or (b) of Section 5 of this Act is guilty of a Class 2 felony if the aggregate value of the timber purchased, cut, caused to be cut, or appropriated is over $10,000.
    (b-15) The aggregate value of the timber purchased, cut, caused to be cut, or appropriated shall be determined as provided by administrative rule.
    (c) A person convicted of violating subsection (f) of Section 5 of this Act is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor. A person convicted of a second or subsequent violation is guilty of a Class 4 felony.
    (d) All amounts collected as fines imposed as penalties for violation of this Act shall be deposited in the Illinois Forestry Development Fund for the purposes of the "Illinois Forestry Development Act".
    (e) In case of a failure to pay any harvest fee required under Section 9a of this Act on the date as required by regulation of the Department, there shall be added as a penalty an amount equal to 7.5% of the harvest fee due the Department for each month or fraction thereof during which such failure continues, not to exceed 37.5% in the aggregate. This penalty shall be in addition to any other penalty determined under this Act.
    (f) In case of failure to file the appropriate report of the purchase harvest fee form stipulated under Section 9a of this Act on the date prescribed therefore, a penalty in the amount of $25 for each individual report shall be added to the amount due the Department. This penalty shall be in addition to any other penalty determined under this Act.
(Source: P.A. 92-805, eff. 8-21-02.)

225 ILCS 735/12

    (225 ILCS 735/12) (from Ch. 111, par. 712)
    Sec. 12.
    No certificate of license shall be issued to any person who is in default to the people of the State of Illinois for moneys due under this Act.
(Source: P.A. 76-1307.)

225 ILCS 735/13

    (225 ILCS 735/13) (from Ch. 111, par. 713)
    Sec. 13. License revocation.
    (a) The Department may revoke the license of any person who violates the provisions of this Act, and may refuse to issue any permit or license to such person for a period not to exceed 5 years following such revocation.
    License revocation procedures shall be established by administrative rule.
    (b) Whenever the holder of a license issued under this Act is found guilty of any misrepresentation in obtaining his or her license or of a violation of any of the provisions of this Act or rules adopted pursuant to this Act, the Department may:
        (1) revoke his or her license;
        (2) refuse to issue a license to that person; and
        (3) suspend the person from engaging in the activity
    
requiring the license for up to 5 years following the revocation.
    (c) Whenever the holder of a license issued under this Act is found guilty of any misrepresentation in obtaining his or her license or of a violation of any of the provisions of this Act or rules adopted pursuant to this Act, and his or her license has been previously revoked or his or her ability to engage in the activity requiring the license has been previously suspended, the Department may:
        (1) revoke his or her license;
        (2) refuse to issue any license to that person; and
        (3) suspend the person from engaging in the activity
    
requiring the license for at least 5 years but not more than 10 years following the revocation or suspension.
    (d) Whenever the holder of a license issued under this Act is found guilty of any misrepresentation in obtaining that license or of a violation of any of the provisions of this Act or rules adopted under this Act, and his or her license has been previously revoked or his or her ability to engage in the activity requiring the license has been suspended on 2 or more occasions, the Department may:
        (1) revoke his or her license;
        (2) refuse to issue any license to that person; and
        (3) suspend the person from engaging in the activity
    
requiring the license for at least 10 years but not more than 75 years following the revocation or suspension. Department revocation procedures shall be established by administrative rule.
    If the holder of a license is found negligent with respect to any duty required under this Act, the Department may suspend or revoke his or her privilege to engage in the activity for which the license is required, his or her license, or both.
    (e) Whenever a person who has not been issued a license under this Act is found guilty of a violation of the provisions of this Act or rules adopted under this Act, the Department may:
        (1) refuse to issue any license to that person; and
        (2) suspend that person from engaging in the activity
    
requiring the license for up to 5 years following the revocation.
    (f) Whenever a person who has not been issued a license under this Act is found guilty of a violation of this Act or rules adopted under this Act and his or her license has been previously revoked or his or her ability to engage in the activity requiring the license has been previously suspended, the Department may:
        (1) refuse to issue any license to that person; and
        (2) suspend that person from engaging in the activity
    
requiring the license for at least 5 years but not more than 10 years following the revocation or suspension.
    (g) Whenever a person who has not been issued a license under this Act is found guilty of a violation of this Act or rules adopted under this Act and his or her license has been previously revoked or his or her ability to engage in the activity requiring the license has been suspended on 2 or more occasions, the Department may:
        (1) refuse to issue any license to that person; and
        (2) suspend that person from engaging in the activity
    
requiring the license for at least 10 years but not more than 75 years following the revocation or suspension.
    (h) Licenses authorized under this Act shall be prepared by the Department and be in such form as prescribed by the Department. The information required on each license shall be completed thereon by the issuing agent at the time of issuance and each license shall be signed by the licensee. All such licenses shall be supplied by the Department, subject to such rules as the Department may prescribe. Any license that is not properly prepared, obtained, and signed as required by this Act shall be void.
    (i) Any person whose license to engage in an activity regulated by this Act has been revoked or whose ability to engage in the activity requiring the license has been suspended may not, during the period of suspension or revocation:
        (1) hold any license authorized by this Act;
        (2) perform directly or indirectly any privileges
    
authorized by any license issued in accordance with this Act; or
        (3) buy, sell, barter, trade, or take possession of
    
any timber as defined in this Act, regardless of any contractual agreements entered into prior to the revocation or suspension.
    (j) No person may be issued a license or engage in any activity regulated by this Act for which a license is required during the time that the person's privilege to engage in the same or similar activities is suspended or revoked by another state, by a federal agency, or by a province of Canada.
    Any person who knowingly or intentionally violates any of the provisions of this Act, or administrative rules thereunder, when his or her license has been revoked or denied or his or her ability to engage in the activity requiring the license has been suspended under this Section, is guilty of a Class 4 felony.
(Source: P.A. 92-805, eff. 8-21-02.)

225 ILCS 735/14

    (225 ILCS 735/14) (from Ch. 111, par. 714)
    Sec. 14.
    The Department may, by application to any circuit court or to a judge thereof, obtain an injunction restraining any person who engages in the business of timber buyer in this State without a certificate of license (either because his certificate of license has been revoked or because of a failure to obtain a certificate of license in the first instance) from engaging in such business until such person complies with this Act and qualifies for and obtains a certificate of license. Upon refusal or neglect to obey the order of the court or judge, said court or judge may compel obedience thereof by proceedings for contempt.
(Source: P.A. 76-1307.)

225 ILCS 735/16

    (225 ILCS 735/16) (from Ch. 111, par. 716)
    Sec. 16. Any timber, forestry or wood cutting device or equipment, including vehicles and conveyances used or operated in violation of this Act, including administrative rules, or attempted to be used in violation of this Act or administrative rules shall be deemed a public nuisance and subject to the seizure and confiscation by any authorized employee of the Department; upon the seizure of such item the Department shall take and hold the same until disposed of as hereinafter provided.
    Upon the seizure of any property as herein provided, the authorized employee of the Department making such seizure shall forthwith cause a complaint to be filed before the Circuit Court and a summons to be issued requiring the person who illegally used or operated or attempted to use or operate such property and the owner and person in possession of such property to appear in court and show cause why the property seized should not be forfeited to the State. Upon the return of the summons duly served or other notice as herein provided, the court shall proceed to determine the question of the illegality of the use of the seized property and upon judgment being entered to the effect that such property was illegally used, an order may be entered providing for the forfeiture of such seized property to the Department and shall thereupon become the property of the Department; but the owner of such property may have a jury determine the illegality of its use, and shall have the right of an appeal, as in other cases. Such confiscation or forfeiture shall not preclude or mitigate against prosecution and assessment of penalties otherwise provided in this Act.
    Upon seizure of any property under circumstances supporting a reasonable belief that such property was abandoned, lost or stolen or otherwise illegally possessed or used contrary to the provisions of this Act, except property seized during a search or arrest, and ultimately returned, destroyed, or otherwise disposed of pursuant to order of a court in accordance with this Act, the authorized employee of the Department shall make reasonable inquiry and efforts to identify and notify the owner or other person entitled to possession thereof, and shall return the property after such person provides reasonable and satisfactory proof of his ownership or right to possession and reimburses the Department for all reasonable expenses of such custody. If the identity or location of the owner or other person entitled to possession of the property has not been ascertained within 6 months after the Department obtains such possession, the Department shall effectuate the sale of the property for cash to the highest bidder at a public auction. The owner or other person entitled to possession of such property may claim and recover possession of the property at any time before its sale at public auction, upon providing reasonable and satisfactory proof of ownership or right of possession and reimbursing the Department for all reasonable expenses of custody thereof.
    Any property forfeited to the State by court order pursuant to this Section may be disposed of by public auction, except that any property which is the subject of such a court order shall not be disposed of pending appeal of the order. The proceeds of the sales at auction shall be deposited in the Illinois Forestry Development Fund.
    The Department shall pay all costs of notices required by this Section.
(Source: P.A. 86-208.)