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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

HEALTH FACILITIES AND REGULATION
(210 ILCS 70/) Emergency Medical Treatment Act.

210 ILCS 70/0.01

    (210 ILCS 70/0.01) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 6150)
    Sec. 0.01. Short title. This Act may be cited as the Emergency Medical Treatment Act.
(Source: P.A. 86-1324.)

210 ILCS 70/1

    (210 ILCS 70/1) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 6151)
    Sec. 1. No hospital, physician, dentist or other provider of professional health care licensed under the laws of this State may refuse to provide needed emergency treatment to any person whose life would be threatened in the absence of such treatment, because of that person's inability to pay therefor, nor because of the source of any payment promised therefor.
(Source: P.A. 83-723.)

210 ILCS 70/2

    (210 ILCS 70/2)
    Sec. 2. Findings; prohibited terms.
    (a) The Illinois General Assembly makes all of the following findings:
        (1) Hospital emergency services are not always the
    
most appropriate level of care for patients seeking unscheduled medical care or for patients who do not have a regular physician who can treat a significant or acute medical condition not considered critical, debilitating, or life-threatening.
        (2) Hospital emergency rooms are over-utilized and
    
too often over-burdened with many injuries or illnesses that could be managed in a less intensive clinical setting or physician's office.
        (3) Over-utilization of hospital emergency
    
departments contributes to excess medical and health insurance costs.
        (4) The use of the term "urgent" or "emergi-" or a
    
similar term in a facility's posted or advertised name may confuse the public and prospective patients regarding the type of services offered relative to those provided by a hospital emergency department. There is significant risk to the public health and safety if persons requiring treatment for a critical or life-threatening condition inappropriately use such facilities.
        (5) Many times patients are not clearly aware of the
    
policies and procedures of their insurer or health plan that must be followed in the use of emergency rooms versus non-emergent clinics and what rights they have under the law in regard to appropriately sought emergency care.
        (6) There is a need to more effectively educate
    
health care payers and consumers about the most appropriate use of the various available levels of medical care and particularly the use of hospital emergency rooms and walk-in medical clinics that do not require appointments.
    (b) After the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly, no person, facility, or entity shall hold itself out to the public as an "urgent", "urgi-", "emergi-", or "emergent" care center or use any similar term, as defined by rule, that would give the impression that emergency medical treatment is provided by the person or entity or at the facility unless the facility is the emergency room of a facility licensed as a hospital under the Hospital Licensing Act or a facility licensed as a freestanding emergency center under the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Systems Act.
    (c) Violation of this Section constitutes a business offense with a minimum fine of $5,000 plus $1,000 per day for a continuing violation, with a maximum of $25,000.
    (d) The Director of Public Health in the name of the people of the State, through the Attorney General, may bring an action for an injunction or to restrain a violation of this Section or the rules adopted pursuant to this Section or to enjoin the future operation or maintenance of any facility in violation of this Section or the rules adopted pursuant to this Section.
    (e) The Department of Public Health shall adopt rules necessary for the implementation of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 93-540, eff. 8-18-03.)