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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

FINANCIAL REGULATION
(205 ILCS 665/) Debt Management Service Act.

205 ILCS 665/1

    (205 ILCS 665/1) (from Ch. 17, par. 5301)
    Sec. 1. Declaration of policy. The business of providing debt management services to individuals is a matter of public interest and concern and is subject to regulation and control in the public interest.
(Source: P.A. 90-545, eff. 1-1-98.)

205 ILCS 665/1.5

    (205 ILCS 665/1.5)
    Sec. 1.5. Purpose and construction. The purpose of this Act is to protect consumers who enter into agreements with debt management service providers and to regulate debt management service providers. This Act shall be construed as a consumer protection law for all purposes. This Act shall be liberally construed to effectuate its purpose.
(Source: P.A. 96-1420, eff. 8-3-10.)

205 ILCS 665/2

    (205 ILCS 665/2) (from Ch. 17, par. 5302)
    Sec. 2. Definitions. As used in this Act:
    "Credit counselor" means an individual, corporation, or other entity that is not a debt management service that provides (1) guidance, educational programs, or advice for the purpose of addressing budgeting, personal finance, financial literacy, saving and spending practices, or the sound use of consumer credit; or (2) assistance or offers to assist individuals and families with financial problems by providing counseling; or (3) a combination of the activities described in items (1) and (2) of this definition.
    "Debt management service" means the planning and management of the financial affairs of a debtor for a fee and the receiving of money from the debtor for the purpose of distributing it to the debtor's creditors in payment or partial payment of the debtor's obligations or soliciting financial contributions from creditors. The business of debt management is conducted in this State if the debt management business, its employees, or its agents are located in this State or if the debt management business solicits or contracts with debtors located in this State. "Debt management service" does not include "debt settlement service" as defined in the Debt Settlement Consumer Protection Act.
    This term shall not include the following when engaged in the regular course of their respective businesses and professions:
        (a) Attorneys at law licensed, or otherwise
    
authorized to practice, in Illinois who are engaged in the practice of law.
        (b) Banks, operating subsidiaries of banks,
    
affiliates of banks, fiduciaries, credit unions, savings and loan associations, and savings banks as duly authorized and admitted to transact business in the State of Illinois and performing credit and financial adjusting service in the regular course of their principal business.
        (c) Title insurers, title agents, independent
    
escrowees, and abstract companies, while doing an escrow business.
        (d) Judicial officers or others acting pursuant to
    
court order.
        (e) Employers for their employees, except that no
    
employer shall retain the services of an outside debt management service to perform this service unless the debt management service is licensed pursuant to this Act..
        (f) Bill payment services, as defined in the
    
Transmitters of Money Act.
        (g) Credit counselors, only when providing services
    
described in the definition of credit counselor in this Section.
    "Debtor" means the person or persons for whom the debt management service is performed.
    "Person" means an individual, firm, partnership, association, limited liability company, corporation, or not-for-profit corporation.
    "Licensee" means a person licensed under this Act.
    "Secretary" means the Secretary of Financial and Professional Regulation.
(Source: P.A. 95-331, eff. 8-21-07; 96-1420, eff. 8-3-10.)

205 ILCS 665/3

    (205 ILCS 665/3) (from Ch. 17, par. 5303)
    Sec. 3. Requirement of license. It shall be unlawful for any person to operate a debt management service or engage in that business as herein defined except as authorized by this Act and without first having obtained a license as hereinafter provided.
(Source: P.A. 90-545, eff. 1-1-98.)

205 ILCS 665/4

    (205 ILCS 665/4) (from Ch. 17, par. 5304)
    Sec. 4. Application for license. Application for a license to engage in the debt management service business in this State shall be made to the Secretary and shall be in writing, under oath, and in the form prescribed by the Secretary.
    Each applicant, at the time of making such application, shall pay to the Secretary the sum of $30.00 as a fee for investigation of the applicant, and the additional sum of $100.00 as a license fee.
    Every applicant shall submit to the Secretary, at the time of the application for a license, a bond to be approved by the Secretary in which the applicant shall be the obligor, in the sum of $25,000 or such additional amount as required by the Secretary based on the amount of disbursements made by the licensee in the previous year, and in which an insurance company, which is duly authorized by the State of Illinois, to transact the business of fidelity and surety insurance shall be a surety.
    The bond shall run to the Secretary for the use of the Department or of any person or persons who may have a cause of action against the obligor in said bond arising out of any violation of this Act or rules by a license. Such bond shall be conditioned that the obligor will faithfully conform to and abide by the provisions of this Act and of all rules, regulations and directions lawfully made by the Secretary and will pay to the Secretary or to any person or persons any and all money that may become due or owing to the State or to such person or persons, from said obligor under and by virtue of the provisions of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-1420, eff. 8-3-10.)

205 ILCS 665/5

    (205 ILCS 665/5) (from Ch. 17, par. 5305)
    Sec. 5. Qualifications for license. Upon the filing of the application and the approval of the bond and the payment of the specified fees, the Secretary may issue a license if he finds:
    (1) That the financial responsibility, experience, character and general fitness of the applicant, the managers thereof, if the applicant is a limited liability company, the partners thereof, if the applicant is a partnership, and of the officers and directors thereof, if the applicant is a corporation or a not-for-profit corporation, are such as to command the confidence of the community and to warrant belief that the business will be operated fairly, honestly and efficiently within the purposes of this Act, and
    (2) That the applicant, if an individual, the managers thereof, if the applicant is a limited liability company, the partners thereof, if the applicant is a partnership, and the officers and directors thereof, if the applicant is a corporation, have not been convicted of a felony or a misdemeanor involving dishonesty or untrustworthiness, and
    (3) That the person or persons have not had a record of having defaulted in the payment of money collected for others, including the discharge of such debts through bankruptcy proceedings, and
    (4) The applicant, or any officers, directors, partners or managers, have not previously violated any provision of this Act or any rule lawfully made by the Secretary, and
    (5) The applicant has not made any false statement or representation to the Secretary in applying for a license hereunder.
    The Secretary shall deliver a license to the applicant to engage in the debt management service business in accordance with the provisions of this Act at the location specified in the said application, which license shall remain in full force and effect until it is surrendered by the licensee or revoked by the Secretary as herein provided; provided, however, that each license shall expire by the terms thereof on January 1 next following the issuance thereof unless the same be renewed as hereinafter provided. A license, however, may not be surrendered without the approval of the Secretary.
    More than one license may be issued to the same person for separate places of business, but separate applications shall be made for each location conducting business with Illinois residents.
(Source: P.A. 96-1420, eff. 8-3-10.)

205 ILCS 665/6

    (205 ILCS 665/6) (from Ch. 17, par. 5306)
    Sec. 6. Renewal of license. Each debt management service provider under the provisions of this Act may make application to the Secretary for renewal of its license, which application for renewal shall be on the form prescribed by the Secretary and shall be accompanied by a fee of $100.00 together with a bond or other surety as required, in a minimum amount of $25,000 or such an amount as required by the Secretary based on the amount of disbursements made by the licensee in the previous year. The application must be received by the Department no later than December 1 of the year preceding the year for which the application applies.
(Source: P.A. 96-1420, eff. 8-3-10.)

205 ILCS 665/7

    (205 ILCS 665/7) (from Ch. 17, par. 5307)
    Sec. 7. License, display and location. Each license issued shall be kept conspicuously posted in the place of business of the debt management service provider. The business location may be changed by any licensee upon 10 days prior written notice to the Secretary. A license must operate under the name as stated in its original application.
(Source: P.A. 96-1420, eff. 8-3-10.)

205 ILCS 665/8.5

    (205 ILCS 665/8.5)
    Sec. 8.5. Temporary location. The Secretary may approve a temporary additional business location for the purpose of allowing a debt management service provider to conduct business outside the licensed location.
(Source: P.A. 96-1420, eff. 8-3-10.)

205 ILCS 665/9

    (205 ILCS 665/9) (from Ch. 17, par. 5309)
    Sec. 9. Denial of license. Any application for a license shall be approved or denied within 60 days of the filing of a completed application with the Secretary.
(Source: P.A. 96-1420, eff. 8-3-10.)

205 ILCS 665/10

    (205 ILCS 665/10) (from Ch. 17, par. 5310)
    Sec. 10. Revocation, suspension, or refusal to renew license.
    (a) The Secretary may revoke or suspend or refuse to renew any license if he finds that:
        (1) any licensee has failed to pay the annual license
    
fee, or to maintain in effect the bond required under the provisions of this Act;
        (2) the licensee has violated any provisions of this
    
Act or any rule, lawfully made by the Secretary within the authority of this Act;
        (3) any fact or condition exists which, if it had
    
existed at the time of the original application for a license, would have warranted the Secretary in refusing its issuance; or
        (4) any applicant has made any false statement or
    
representation to the Secretary in applying for a license hereunder.
    (b) In every case in which a license is suspended or revoked or an application for a license or renewal of a license is denied, the Secretary shall serve notice of his action, including a statement of the reasons for his actions, either personally or by certified mail, return receipt requested. Service by mail shall be deemed completed if the notice is deposited in the U.S. Mail.
    (c) In the case of a denial of an application or renewal of a license, the applicant or licensee may request in writing, within 30 days after the date of service, a hearing. In the case of a denial of a renewal of a license, the license shall be deemed to continue in force until 30 days after the service of the notice of denial, or if a hearing is requested during that period, until a final administrative order is entered.
    (d) An order of revocation or suspension of a license shall take effect upon service of the order unless the licensee requests, in writing, within 10 days after the date of service, a hearing. In the event a hearing is requested, the order shall be stayed until a final administrative order is entered.
    (e) If the licensee requests a hearing, the Secretary shall schedule either a status date or a hearing within 30 days after the request for a hearing unless otherwise agreed to by the parties.
    (f) The hearing shall be held at the time and place designated by the Secretary. The Secretary and any administrative law judge designated by him have the power to administer oaths and affirmations, subpoena witnesses and compel their attendance, take evidence, and require the production of books, papers, correspondence, and other records or information that he considers relevant or material to the injury.
    (g) The costs for the administrative hearing shall be set by rule and shall be borne by the respondent.
(Source: P.A. 96-1420, eff. 8-3-10.)

205 ILCS 665/11

    (205 ILCS 665/11) (from Ch. 17, par. 5311)
    Sec. 11. Contracts, books, records and contract cancellation. Each debt management service provider shall furnish to the Secretary, when requested, a copy of the contract entered into between the debt management service provider and the debtor. The debt management service provider shall furnish the debtor with a copy of the written contract, at the time of execution, which shall set forth the charges, if any, agreed upon for the services of the debt management service provider.
    Each debt management service provider shall maintain records and accounts which will enable any debtor contracting with the debt management service provider, at any reasonable time, to ascertain the amounts paid to creditors of the debtor. A statement showing the total amount received and the total disbursements to each creditor shall be furnished by the debt management service provider to any individual within seven days of a request therefor by the said debtor. Each debt management service provider shall issue a receipt for each payment made by the debtor at a debt management service provider's office. Each debt management service provider shall prepare and retain in the file of each debtor a written analysis of debtor's income and expenses to substantiate that the plan of payment is feasible and practical.
(Source: P.A. 96-1420, eff. 8-3-10.)

205 ILCS 665/11.5

    (205 ILCS 665/11.5)
    Sec. 11.5. Examination of debt management service provider. The Secretary at any time, either in person or through an appointed representative, may examine the condition and affairs of a debt management service provider. In connection with any examination, the Secretary may examine on oath any debt management service provider and any director, officer, employee, customer, manager, partner, member, creditor or stockholder of a licensee concerning the affairs and business of the debt management service provider. The Secretary shall ascertain whether the debt management service provider transacts its business in the manner prescribed by law and the rules issued thereunder. The debt management service provider shall pay the cost of the examination as determined by the Secretary by administrative rule. Failure to pay the examination fee within 30 days after receipt of demand from the Secretary may result in the suspension of the license until the fee is paid. The Secretary shall have the right to investigate and examine any person, whether licensed or not, who is engaged in the debt management service business. The Secretary shall have the power to subpoena the production of any books and records pertinent to any investigation.
(Source: P.A. 96-1420, eff. 8-3-10.)

205 ILCS 665/12

    (205 ILCS 665/12) (from Ch. 17, par. 5312)
    Sec. 12. Fees and charges of debt management service providers. A debt management service provider may not charge a debtor any fees or penalties except the following:
        (1) an initial counseling fee not to exceed $50 per
    
debtor counseled; and
        (2) additional fees at the completion of the initial
    
counseling services which shall not exceed $50 per month.
(Source: P.A. 96-1420, eff. 8-3-10.)

205 ILCS 665/12.1

    (205 ILCS 665/12.1)
    Sec. 12.1. All moneys received by the Department of Financial Institutions under this Act, except moneys received for the Debt Management Service Consumer Protection Fund, shall be deposited in the Financial Institution Fund created under Section 6z-26 of the State Finance Act.
(Source: P.A. 98-463, eff. 8-16-13.)

205 ILCS 665/13

    (205 ILCS 665/13) (from Ch. 17, par. 5313)
    Sec. 13. Prohibitions.
    (1) No licensee shall advertise, in any manner whatsoever, any statement or representation with regard to the rates, terms or conditions of debt management service which is false, misleading, or deceptive.
    (2) No licensee shall require as a part of the agreement between the licensee and any debtor, the purchase of any stock, insurance, commodity, service or other property or any interest therein.
    (3) No licensee shall, directly or indirectly, accept payment or any other consideration, whether in cash or in kind, from any entity for referring applicants to that entity. The licensee shall not, directly or indirectly, make payments in any form, whether in cash or in kind, to any person, corporation, or other entity for referring applicants or clients to the licensee.
    (4) No licensee shall make any loans.
    (5) No licensee shall issue credit cards or act as an agent in procuring customers for a credit card company or any financial institution.
    (6) No licensee shall act as a loan broker.
    (7) No licensee shall operate any other business at the licensed location.
(Source: P.A. 96-1420, eff. 8-3-10.)

205 ILCS 665/13.5

    (205 ILCS 665/13.5)
    Sec. 13.5. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 90-545, eff. 1-1-98. Repealed by P.A. 96-1420, eff. 8-3-10.)

205 ILCS 665/14

    (205 ILCS 665/14) (from Ch. 17, par. 5314)
    Sec. 14. Trust funds; requirements and restrictions.
    (a) All funds received by a debt management service provider or his agent from and for the purpose of paying bills, invoices, or accounts of a debtor shall constitute trust funds owned by and belonging to the debtor from whom they were received. All such funds received by a debt management service provider shall be separated from the funds of the debt management service provider not later than the end of the business day following receipt by the debt management service provider. All such funds shall be kept separate and apart at all times from funds belonging to the debt management service provider or any of its officers, employees or agents and may be used for no purpose other than paying bills, invoices, or accounts of the debtor. All such trust funds received at the main or branch offices of a debt management service provider shall be deposited in a bank in an account in the name of the debt management service provider designated "trust account", or by some other appropriate name indicating that the funds are not the funds of the debt management service provider or its officers, employees, or agents, on or before the close of the business day following receipt.
    (b) If a consumer's funds are kept in an interest earning trust account, then any interest earned on the consumer funds shall belong to the consumer. If multiple consumers funds are kept in a single interest earning trust account, then the interest earned shall belong to the consumers and shall be deposited pro rata among the consumers whose funds are in the account. Such funds are not subject to attachment, lien, levy of execution, or sequestration by order of court except by a debtor for whom a licensee is acting as an agent in paying bills, invoices, or accounts.
    (c) Each debt management service provider shall make remittances within 30 days after initial receipt of funds, and thereafter remittances shall be made within 15 days of receipt, less fees and costs, unless the reasonable payment of one or more of the debtor's obligations requires that the funds be held for a longer period so as to accumulate a sum certain.
    (d) At least once every quarter, the debt management service provider shall render an accounting to the debtor which shall itemize the total amount received from the debtor, the total amount paid each creditor, the amount of charges deducted, and any amount held in reserve. A debt management service provider shall, in addition thereto, provide such an accounting to a debtor within 7 days after written demand, but not more than 3 times per 6 month period.
(Source: P.A. 96-1420, eff. 8-3-10.)

205 ILCS 665/15

    (205 ILCS 665/15) (from Ch. 17, par. 5315)
    Sec. 15. Rules.) The Secretary shall make and enforce all reasonable rules as shall be necessary for the administration of this Act. Such rulemaking shall be subject to the provisions of the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act.
(Source: P.A. 96-1420, eff. 8-3-10.)

205 ILCS 665/15.1

    (205 ILCS 665/15.1)
    Sec. 15.1. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 90-545, eff. 1-1-98. Repealed by P.A. 96-1420, eff. 8-3-10.)

205 ILCS 665/15.2

    (205 ILCS 665/15.2)
    Sec. 15.2. (Repealed).
(Source: Laws 1965, p. 2494. Repealed by P.A. 96-1420, eff. 8-3-10.)

205 ILCS 665/15.3

    (205 ILCS 665/15.3)
    Sec. 15.3. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 90-545, eff. 1-1-98. Repealed by P.A. 96-1420, eff. 8-3-10.)

205 ILCS 665/16

    (205 ILCS 665/16) (from Ch. 17, par. 5319)
    Sec. 16. Penalties.
    (a) Any person who engages in the business of debt management service without a license shall be guilty of a Class 4 felony.
    (b) Any contract of debt management service as defined in this Act, made by an unlicensed person, shall be null and void and of no legal effect.
    (c) The Secretary may, after 10 days notice by registered mail to the debt management service provider at the address on the license or unlicensed entity engaging in the debt management service business, stating the contemplated action and in general the grounds therefore, fine that debt management service provider or unlicensed entity an amount not exceeding $10,000 per violation, and revoke or suspend any license issued if he or she finds that either:
        (1) the debt management service provider or
    
unlicensed entity has failed to comply with any provision of this Act or any order, decision, finding, rule, regulation, or direction of the Secretary lawfully made pursuant to the authority of this Act; or
        (2) any fact or condition exists which, if it had
    
existed at the time of the original application for the license, clearly would have warranted the Secretary in refusing to issue the license.
(Source: P.A. 96-1420, eff. 8-3-10.)

205 ILCS 665/16.5

    (205 ILCS 665/16.5)
    Sec. 16.5. Additional liability for unlicensed activity. Any person who, without the required license, engages in conduct requiring a license under this Act, shall be liable to the Department in an amount equal to the greater of (1) $1,000 or (2) an amount equal to 4 times the amount of consumer debt enrolled. The Department shall cause any funds so recovered to be deposited in the Debt Management Service Consumer Protection Fund.
(Source: P.A. 96-1420, eff. 8-3-10.)

205 ILCS 665/16.6

    (205 ILCS 665/16.6)
    Sec. 16.6. Debt Management Service Consumer Protection Fund.
    (a) A special non-appropriated income-earning fund is hereby created in the State Treasury, known as the Debt Management Service Consumer Protection Fund. This Fund is not subject to appropriation by the Illinois General Assembly.
    (b) All moneys paid into the Fund together with all accumulated, undistributed interest thereon shall be held as a special Fund in the State Treasury. All interest earned on the Fund is non-distributable and shall be returned to the Fund, and shall be invested and re-invested in the Fund by the Treasurer or his or her designee. The Fund shall be used solely for the purpose of providing restitution to consumers who have suffered monetary loss arising out of a transaction regulated by this Act.
    (c) The Fund shall be applied only to restitution when restitution has been ordered by the Secretary. Restitution shall not exceed the amount actually lost by the consumer. The Fund shall not be used for the payment of any attorney or other fees.
    (d) The Fund shall be subrogated to the amount of the restitution, and the Secretary shall request the Attorney General to engage in all reasonable collection steps to collect restitution from the party responsible for the loss and reimburse the Fund.
    (e) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Section, the payment of restitution from the Fund shall be a matter of grace and not of right, and no consumer shall have any vested rights in the Fund as a beneficiary or otherwise. Before seeking restitution from the Fund, the consumer or beneficiary seeking payment of restitution shall apply for restitution on a form provided by the Secretary. The form shall include any information the Secretary may reasonably require in order to determine that restitution is appropriate. All documentation required by the Secretary, including the form, is subject to audit. Distributions from the Fund shall be made solely at the discretion of the Secretary, except that no payments or distributions may be made under any circumstance if the Fund is depleted.
    (f) All deposits to this Fund shall be made pursuant to Section 16.5 of this Act.
    (g) Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, the Fund is not subject to administrative charges or charge-backs that would in any way transfer moneys from the Fund into any other fund of the State.
(Source: P.A. 96-1420, eff. 8-3-10.)

205 ILCS 665/17

    (205 ILCS 665/17) (from Ch. 17, par. 5320)
    Sec. 17. Injunction. To engage in debt management service, render financial service, or accept debtors' funds, as defined in this Act, without a valid license so to do, is hereby declared to be inimical to the public welfare and to constitute a public nuisance. The Secretary may, in the name of the people of the State of Illinois, through the Attorney General of the State of Illinois, file a complaint for an injunction in the circuit court to enjoin such person, from engaging in said business. Such injunction proceeding shall be in addition to, and not in lieu of, penalties and remedies otherwise in this Act provided.
(Source: P.A. 96-1420, eff. 8-3-10.)

205 ILCS 665/18

    (205 ILCS 665/18) (from Ch. 17, par. 5321)
    Sec. 18. Review. All final administrative decisions of the Secretary hereunder shall be subject to judicial review pursuant to the provisions of the Administrative Review Law, and all amendments and modifications thereof and the rules adopted pursuant thereto.
(Source: P.A. 96-1420, eff. 8-3-10.)

205 ILCS 665/19

    (205 ILCS 665/19) (from Ch. 17, par. 5322)
    Sec. 19. If any clause, sentence, section, provision or part of this Act shall be adjudged to be unconstitutional or invalid for any reason by any court of competent jurisdiction, such judgment shall not impair, affect or invalidate the remainder of this Act which shall be in full force and effect thereafter.
(Source: Laws 1957, p. 2164.)

205 ILCS 665/20

    (205 ILCS 665/20) (from Ch. 17, par. 5323)
    Sec. 20. Cease and desist orders.
    (a) The Secretary may issue a cease and desist order to any licensee, or other person doing business without the required license, when in the opinion of the Secretary, the licensee, or other person, is violating or is about to violate any provision of the Act or any rule or condition imposed in writing by the Department.
    (b) The Secretary may issue a cease and desist order prior to a hearing.
    (c) The Secretary shall serve notice of his action, including a statement of the reasons for his action either personally or by certified mail, return receipt requested. Service by mail shall be deemed completed if the notice is deposited in the U.S. Mail.
    (d) Within 10 days after service of the cease and desist order, the licensee or other person may request, in writing, a hearing.
    (e) The Secretary shall schedule either a status date or a hearing within 30 days after the request for a hearing unless otherwise agreed to by the parties.
    (g) If it is determined that the Secretary had the authority to issue the cease and desist order, he may issue such orders as may be reasonably necessary to correct, eliminate, or remedy such conduct.
    (h) The powers vested in the Secretary by this Section are additional to any and all other powers and remedies vested in the Secretary by law, and nothing in this Section shall be construed as requiring that the Secretary shall employ the power conferred in this Section instead of or as a condition precedent to the exercise of any other power or remedy vested in the Secretary.
    (i) The cost for the administrative hearing shall be set by rule and shall be borne by the respondent.
(Source: P.A. 96-1420, eff. 8-3-10.)

205 ILCS 665/20.5

    (205 ILCS 665/20.5)
    Sec. 20.5. Receivership.
    (a) If the Secretary determines that a licensee is insolvent or is violating this Act, he or she may appoint a receiver. Under the direction of the Secretary, the receiver shall, for the purpose of receivership, take possession of and title to the books, records, and assets of the licensee. The Secretary may require the receiver to provide security in an amount the Secretary deems proper. Upon appointment of the receiver, the Secretary shall have published, once each week for 4 consecutive weeks in a newspaper having a general circulation in the community, a notice informing all persons who have claims against the licensee to present them to the receiver. Within 10 days after the receiver takes possession, the licensee may apply to the Circuit Court of Sangamon County to enjoin further proceedings. The receiver may operate the business until the Secretary determines that possession should be restored to the licensee or that the business should be liquidated.
    (b) If the Secretary determines that a business in receivership should be liquidated, he or she shall direct the Attorney General to file a complaint in the Circuit Court of the county in which the business is located, in the name of the People of the State of Illinois, for the orderly liquidation and dissolution of the business and for an injunction restraining the licensee and its officers and directors from continuing the operation of the business. Within 30 days after the day the Secretary determines that the business should be liquidated, the receiver shall file with the Secretary and with the clerk of the court that has charge of the liquidation a correct list of all creditors, as shown by the licensee's books and records, who have not presented their claims. The list shall state the amount of the claim after allowing all just credits, deductions, and set-offs as shown by the licensee's books. These claims shall be deemed proven unless some interested party files an objection within the time fixed by the Secretary or court that has charge of the liquidation.
    (c) The General Assembly finds and declares that debt management services provide an important service to Illinois citizens. It is therefore declared to be the policy of this State that customers who receive these services must be protected from interruptions of services. To carry out this policy and to insure that customers of a licensee are protected if it is determined that a business in receivership should be liquidated, the Secretary shall make a distribution of moneys collected by the receiver in the following order of priority:
        (1) Allowed claims for the actual necessary expenses
    
of the receivership of the business being liquidated, including:
            (A) reasonable receiver's fees and receiver's
        
attorney's fees approved by the Secretary;
            (B) all expenses of any preliminary or other
        
examinations into the condition of the receivership;
            (C) all expenses incurred by the Secretary that
        
are incident to possession and control of any property or records of the licensee's business; and
            (D) reasonable expenses incurred by the Secretary
        
as the result of business agreements or contractual arrangements necessary to insure that the services of the licensee are delivered to the community without interruption. These business agreements or contractual arrangements may include, but are not limited to, agreements made by the Secretary, or by the receiver with the approval of the Secretary, with banks, bonding companies, and other types of financial institutions.
        (1.5) Secured claims.
        (2) Allowed unsecured claims for wages or salaries,
    
excluding vacation, severance, and sick leave pay earned by employees within 90 days before the appointment of a receiver.
        (3) Allowed unsecured claims of any tax, and interest
    
and penalty on the tax.
        (4) Allowed unsecured claims, other than a kind
    
specified in items (1), (2), and (3) of this subsection, filed with the Secretary within the time the Secretary fixes for filing claims.
        (5) Allowed unsecured claims, other than a kind
    
specified in items (1), (2), and (3) of this subsection, filed with the Secretary after the time fixed for filing claims by the Secretary.
        (6) Allowed creditor claims asserted by an owner,
    
member, or stockholder of the business in liquidation.
        (7) After one year from the final dissolution of the
    
licensee's business, all assets not used to satisfy allowed claims shall be distributed pro rata to the owner, owners, members, or stockholders of the business.
    The Secretary shall pay all claims of equal priority according to the schedule established in this subsection and shall not pay claims of lower priority until all higher priority claims are satisfied. If insufficient assets are available to meet all claims of equal priority, those assets shall be distributed pro rata among those claims. All unclaimed assets of a licensee and the licensee's business shall be deposited with the Secretary to be paid out when proper claims are presented to the Secretary.
    (d) Upon the order of the circuit court of the county in which the business being liquidated is located, the receiver may sell or compound any bad or doubtful debt, and on like order may sell the personal property of the business on such terms as the court approves. The receiver shall succeed to whatever rights or remedies the unsecured creditors of the business may have against the owner or owners, operators, stockholders, directors, members, managers, or officers, arising out of their claims against the licensee's business, but nothing contained in this Section shall prevent those creditors from filing their claims in the liquidation proceeding. The receiver may enforce those rights or remedies in any court of competent jurisdiction.
    (e) At the close of a receivership, the receiver shall turn over to the Secretary all books of account and ledgers of the business for preservation. The Secretary shall hold all records of receiverships received at any time for a period of 2 years after the close of the receivership. The records may be destroyed at the termination of the 2-year period. All expenses of the receivership including, but not limited to, reasonable receiver's and attorney's fees approved by the Secretary, all expenses of any preliminary or other examinations into the condition of the licensee's business or the receivership, and all expenses incident to the possession and control of any property or records of the business incurred by the Secretary shall be paid out of the assets of the licensee's business. These expenses shall be paid before all other claims.
    (f) Upon the filing of a complaint by the Attorney General for the orderly liquidation and dissolution of a debt management service provider's business, as provided in this Act, all pending suits and actions upon unsecured claims against the business shall abate. Nothing contained in this Act, however, prevents these claimants from filing their claims in the liquidation proceeding. If a suit or an action is instituted or maintained by the receiver on any bond or policy of insurance issued pursuant to the requirements of this Act, the bonding or insurance company sued shall not have the right to interpose or maintain any counterclaim based upon subrogation, upon any express or implied agreement of, or right to, indemnity or exoneration, or upon any other express or implied agreement with, or right against, the debt management service provider's business. Nothing contained in this Act prevents the bonding or insurance company from filing this type of claim in the liquidation proceeding.
    (g) A debt management service provider may not terminate its affairs and close up its business unless it has first deposited with the Secretary an amount of money equal to all of its debts, liabilities, and lawful demands against it including the costs and expenses of a proceeding under this Section, surrendered to the Secretary its license, and filed with the Secretary a statement of termination signed by the debt management service provider containing a pronouncement of intent to close up its business and liquidate its liabilities and containing a sworn list itemizing in full all of its debts, liabilities, and lawful demands against it. Corporate licensees must attach to, and make a part of the statement of termination, a copy of a resolution providing for the termination and closing up of the licensee's affairs, certified by the secretary of the licensee and duly adopted at a shareholders' meeting by the holders of at least two-thirds of the outstanding shares entitled to vote at the meeting. Upon the filing with the Secretary of a statement of termination, the Secretary shall cause notice of that action to be published once each week for 3 consecutive weeks in a public newspaper of general circulation published in the city or village where the business is located, and if no newspaper is published in that place, then in a public newspaper of general circulation nearest to that city or village. The publication shall give notice that the debts, liabilities, and lawful demands against the business will be redeemed by the Secretary upon demand in writing made by the owner thereof, at any time within 3 years after the date of first publication. After the expiration of the 3-year period, the Secretary shall return to the person or persons designated in the statement of termination to receive repayment, and in the proportion specified in that statement, any balance of money remaining in his or her possession after first deducting all unpaid costs and expenses incurred in connection with a proceeding under this Section. The Secretary shall receive for his or her services, exclusive of costs and expenses, 2% of any amount up to $5,000 and 1% of any amount in excess of $5,000 deposited with him or her under this Section by any business. Nothing contained in this Section shall affect or impair the liability of any bonding or insurance company on any bond or insurance policy issued under this Act relating to the business.
(Source: P.A. 96-1420, eff. 8-3-10.)

205 ILCS 665/21

    (205 ILCS 665/21) (from Ch. 17, par. 5324)
    Sec. 21. Effective date. This Act shall become effective on the first day of January 1958.
(Source: Laws 1957, p. 2164.)

205 ILCS 665/22

    (205 ILCS 665/22) (from Ch. 17, par. 5325)
    Sec. 22. Title of Act. This Act may be cited as the Debt Management Service Act.
(Source: P.A. 90-545, eff. 1-1-98.)