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Illinois Compiled Statutes

Information maintained by the Legislative Reference Bureau
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process. Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public Acts soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the Guide.

Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes, statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect. If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes made to the current law.

(105 ILCS 135/) Toxic Art Supplies in Schools Act.

105 ILCS 135/1

    (105 ILCS 135/1) (from Ch. 122, par. 1601)
    Sec. 1. This Act shall be known and may be cited as the "Toxic Art Supplies in Schools Act."
(Source: P.A. 84-725.)

105 ILCS 135/2

    (105 ILCS 135/2) (from Ch. 122, par. 1602)
    Sec. 2. The General Assembly finds that:
    (a) Art supplies which contain toxic substances or which are potential human carcinogens pose a significant danger to the health and safety of school children.
    (b) School children are not sufficiently protected by present health laws in so far as materials which may be seriously harmful are not so labeled and therefore children are not properly warned as to the dangers inherent in the use of those materials.
    (c) Elementary school children should be protected by prohibiting the sale of art supplies containing toxic substances to schools and school districts for use in kindergarten and grades one through 6, and art supplies containing toxic substances should be purchased by schools and school districts for students in grades 7 through 12 only if the materials are properly labeled, as described in this Act.
(Source: P.A. 84-725.)

105 ILCS 135/3

    (105 ILCS 135/3) (from Ch. 122, par. 1603)
    Sec. 3. For the purpose of this Act, unless the context requires otherwise:
    (a) "Art or craft material" means any raw or processed material or manufactured product marketed or being represented by the manufacturer or repackager as being suitable for use in the demonstration or the creation of any work of visual or graphic art in any medium. Such media may include, but need not be limited to, paintings, drawings, prints, sculpture, ceramics, enamels, jewelry, stained glass, plastic sculpture, photographs, and leather and textile goods.
    (b) "Human carcinogen" means any substance listed as a human carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer or by the National Toxicology Program of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
    (c) "Potential human carcinogen" means one of the following:
    (1) any substance which does not meet the definition of human carcinogen, but for which there exists sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity in animals, as determined by the International Agency for Research on Cancer or the National Toxicology Program of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; or
    (2) any chemical shown to be changed by the human body into a human carcinogen.
    (d) "Toxic substance" means any of the following:
    (1) human carcinogens;
    (2) potential human carcinogens;
    (3) any substance having a potential for causing a chronic adverse health effect as determined pursuant to ASTM Standard D 4236 of the American Society for Testing and Materials or latest revision.
    For the purposes of this Act, an art or craft material shall be presumed to contain an ingredient which is a toxic substance if the ingredient, whether an intentional ingredient or an impurity, constitutes 1% or more by weight of the product.
    (e) "Department" means the Illinois Department of Public Health.
(Source: P.A. 84-725.)

105 ILCS 135/4

    (105 ILCS 135/4) (from Ch. 122, par. 1604)
    Sec. 4. The Department of Labor shall supply Material Safety Data Sheets to the Department of Public Health, as requested, to assist in the determination of the presence of toxic substances in any art or craft material.
(Source: P.A. 84-725.)

105 ILCS 135/5

    (105 ILCS 135/5) (from Ch. 122, par. 1605)
    Sec. 5. Warning labels for art or craft materials containing toxic substances shall meet all of the following standards:
    (a) The warning label shall be affixed in a conspicuous place and shall contain the signal word "WARNING" to alert users of potential adverse health effects.
    (b) The warning label shall contain information on the health related dangers of the art or craft material, as follows:
    (1) If the product contains a human carcinogen, the warning shall contain the statement: "CANCER HAZARD! Overexposure may create cancer risk.".
    (2) If the product contains a potential human carcinogen, and does not contain a human carcinogen, the warning shall contain the statement: "POSSIBLE CANCER HAZARD! Overexposure might create cancer risk.".
    (3) The warning shall contain all of the following statements which apply:
    (A) May cause sterility or damage to reproductive organs.
    (B) May cause birth defects or harm to developing fetus.
    (C) May be excreted in human milk causing harm to nursing infant.
    (D) May cause central nervous system depression or injury.
    (E) May cause numbness or weakness in the extremities.
    (F) Overexposure may cause damage to (specify organ).
    (G) Heating above (specify degrees) may cause hazardous decomposition products.
    (4) If a product contains more than one toxic substance, or if a single substance can cause more than one health effect, the required statements may be combined into one warning statement.
    (c) The warning label shall contain a list of ingredients which are toxic substances.
    (d) The warning label shall contain a statement of safe use and storage instructions, conforming to the following. The label shall contain as many of the following risk statements as applicable:
    (1) Keep out of reach of children.
    (2) When using, do not eat, drink, or smoke.
    (3) Wash hands after use and before eating, drinking or smoking.
    (4) Keep container tightly closed.
    (5) Store in well-ventilated area.
    (6) Avoid contact with skin.
    (7) Wear protective clothing (specify type).
    (8) Wear NIOSH certified masks for dust, mists, or fumes.
    (9) Wear NIOSH certified respirator with appropriate cartridge for (specify type).
    (10) Wear NIOSH certified supplied-air respirator.
    (11) Use window exhaust fan to remove vapors and assure adequate ventilation (specify explosion-proof if necessary).
    (12) Use local exhaust hood (specify type).
    (13) Do not heat above (specify degrees) without adequate ventilation.
    (14) Do not use/mix with (specify material).
    (e) The warning label shall contain a statement on where to obtain more information, such as: "Call your local poison control center for more health information.".
    (f) The warning label, or any other label on the substance, shall contain the name and address of the manufacturer or repackager.
    (g) If all of the above information cannot fit on the package label, a package insert shall be required to convey all the necessary information to the consumer. In this event, the label shall contain a statement to refer to the package insert, such as "CAUTION: See package insert before use.". The language of the insert shall be nontechnical and nonpromotional in tone and content.
    (h) Art or craft material offered for sale in containers which contain less than one fluid ounce or one ounce net weight shall be deemed to comply with this Section if there is affixed thereon a precautionary label that includes the words "USE WITH CAUTION: Contains Toxic Substances", and a list of potentially harmful or sensitizing ingredients.
    (i) An art or craft material shall be considered to be in compliance with the labeling requirements of this Act if the art or craft material complies with labeling standard D 4236 of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), or latest revision thereof unless the Department determines that the label on an art or craft material does not satisfy the purposes of this Act.
    (j) Nothing in this Act shall require or prohibit the labeling of any art or craft material containing toxic substances prior to June 1, 1986.
(Source: P.A. 84-725.)

105 ILCS 135/6

    (105 ILCS 135/6) (from Ch. 122, par. 1606)
    Sec. 6. (a) Except as provided in Section 7 below, for the 1986-87 academic year and for each academic year thereafter, no art or craft material which is a toxic substance as defined in this Act, shall be ordered or purchased by any school or school district in Illinois for use in kindergarten or grades one through 6, inclusive.
    (b) Commencing June 1, 1986, no toxic substance may be purchased or ordered by a school or school district for use by students in grades 7 through 12, unless it meets the labeling standards specified in this Act.
(Source: P.A. 84-725.)

105 ILCS 135/7

    (105 ILCS 135/7) (from Ch. 122, par. 1607)
    Sec. 7. The State Board of Education, in the name of the People of the State of Illinois, through the Attorney General of the State of Illinois, or through the State's Attorney of any county in the State of Illinois, upon any complaint may apply for an injunction in the circuit court to enjoin any school or school district that has continued to use art supplies labeled as containing hazardous toxic substances after May 31, 1986; and upon the filing of a verified complaint in such court, the court, if satisfied by affidavit or otherwise, that the school or school district has been using such art supplies, may enter a temporary restraining order or preliminary injunction, without notice or bond, enjoining the defendant from further using such supplies. A copy of the verified complaint shall be served upon the defendant and the proceedings shall thereafter be conducted as in other civil cases. If it is established that the school or school district has been or is using such supplies after having been enjoined, the court may enter an order or judgment perpetually enjoining the defendant from further purchase of such supplies.
    Such injunctional proceeding shall be in addition to, and not in lieu of, all penalties and other remedies provided in this Act.
(Source: P.A. 84-725.)

105 ILCS 135/8

    (105 ILCS 135/8) (from Ch. 122, par. 1608)
    Sec. 8. If the Department finds that, because the toxic substances contained in an art or craft material cannot be ingested, inhaled or otherwise absorbed into the body during any reasonably foreseeable use of the product in such a manner as to pose a risk of adverse health effects, the Department may exempt the product from the requirements of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 84-725.)

105 ILCS 135/9

    (105 ILCS 135/9) (from Ch. 122, par. 1609)
    Sec. 9. (a) The Department shall, by July 1, 1987, develop a list of those art or craft materials which can be purchased or ordered for use in kindergarten or grades one through 6, and a list of materials which, while not currently sold or manufactured, may be reasonably suspected to still exist at some schools. In developing the approved lists, the Department may, as a condition of placement on such list, demand, under appropriate provisions of confidentiality to protect a manufacturer's trade secrets, submission of such lists of ingredients and the results of tests, studies, findings and analysis as may be extant from manufacturers.
    (b) The Department shall consider the findings and conclusions of a voluntary art and craft material certifying organization as to the appropriateness of placement of any product on the Department's art and craft materials approved list if:
    (1) such voluntary certifying organization bases its findings and conclusions upon the findings of an independent certified toxicologist; and
    (2) such voluntary certifying organization discloses to the Department the standards and procedures used by its certifying toxicologist for determining whether art and craft materials contain toxic substances causing chronic illness and if so, whether such substances can reasonably be expected to pose or not to pose a risk of adverse health effects. The Department may determine to add any product to such art and craft materials approved list for good cause. Such determination shall afford due consideration to uniform determinations by other state health departments or agencies and voluntary certifying organizations as specified above on this subject.
    (c) The State Superintendent of Education shall distribute the lists to all school districts in Illinois and shall make the lists available to preschool, child care centers, and other businesses and organizations which involve children in the use of art or craft materials.
    (d) The Superintendent shall inform school districts of the requirements of this Act, and shall encourage school districts to dispose of unnecessary art or craft materials which contain toxic substances.
(Source: P.A. 86-595.)

105 ILCS 135/10

    (105 ILCS 135/10) (from Ch. 122, par. 1610)
    Sec. 10. By July 1, 1986, the Department shall complete a study of art and craft materials purchased for use by children in Illinois school districts to determine the extent of toxic substances in such materials and the scope of their use in school districts throughout the State.
(Source: P.A. 84-725.)