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(750 ILCS 5/607)
(from Ch. 40, par. 607)
(a) A parent not granted custody of the child
is entitled to reasonable visitation rights unless the court finds,
after a hearing, that visitation would endanger seriously the child's
physical, mental, moral or emotional health. If the custodian's street
address is not identified, pursuant to Section 708, the court shall require
the parties to identify reasonable alternative arrangements for visitation
by a non-custodial parent, including but not limited to visitation of the
minor child at the residence of another person or at a local public or
(1) "Visitation" means in-person time spent between a
child and the child's parent. In appropriate circumstances, it may include electronic communication under conditions and at times determined by the court.
(2) "Electronic communication" means time that a
parent spends with his or her child during which the child is not in the parent's actual physical custody, but which is facilitated by the use of communication tools such as the telephone, electronic mail, instant messaging, video conferencing or other wired or wireless technologies via the Internet, or another medium of communication.
(a-3) Grandparents, great-grandparents, and siblings of a minor child, who is one year old or older, have standing to bring an action in circuit court by petition, requesting visitation in accordance with this Section. The term "sibling" in this Section means a brother, sister, stepbrother, or stepsister of the minor child. Grandparents, great-grandparents, and siblings also have standing to file a petition for visitation and any electronic communication
rights in a pending dissolution proceeding or any other proceeding that involves custody or visitation issues, requesting visitation in accordance with this Section. A petition for visitation with a child by a person other than a parent must be filed in the county in which the child resides. Nothing in this subsection (a-3) and subsection (a-5) of this Section shall apply to a child in whose interests a petition is pending under Section 2-13 of the Juvenile Court Act of 1987 or a petition to adopt an unrelated child is pending under the Adoption Act.
(a-5)(1) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection (a-5), any grandparent, great-grandparent, or sibling may file a
visitation rights to a minor child if there is an unreasonable denial of visitation by a parent and at least one
following conditions exists:
(A-5) the child's other parent is deceased or has
been missing for at least 3 months. For the purposes of this Section a parent is considered to be missing if the parent's location has not been determined and the parent has been reported as missing to a law enforcement agency;
(A-10) a parent of the child is incompetent as a
(A-15) a parent has been incarcerated in jail or
prison during the 3 month period preceding the filing of the petition;
(B) the child's mother and father are divorced or
have been legally separated from each other or there is pending a dissolution proceeding involving a parent of the child or another court proceeding involving custody or visitation of the child (other than any adoption proceeding of an unrelated child) and at least one parent does not object to the grandparent, great-grandparent, or sibling having visitation with the child. The visitation of the grandparent, great-grandparent, or sibling must not diminish the visitation of the parent who is not related to the grandparent, great-grandparent, or sibling seeking visitation;
(D) the child is born out of wedlock, the parents are
not living together, and the petitioner is a maternal grandparent, great-grandparent, or sibling of the child born out of wedlock; or
(E) the child is born out of wedlock, the parents are
not living together, the petitioner is a paternal grandparent, great-grandparent, or sibling, and the paternity has been established by a court of competent jurisdiction.
(2) Any visitation rights granted pursuant to this Section before the filing of a petition for adoption of a child shall automatically terminate by operation of law upon the entry of an order terminating parental rights or granting the adoption of the child, whichever is earlier. If the person or persons who adopted the child are related to the child, as defined by Section 1 of the Adoption Act, any person who was related to the child as grandparent, great-grandparent, or sibling prior to the adoption shall have standing to bring an action pursuant to this Section requesting visitation with the child.
(3) In making a determination under this subsection (a-5), there is a
presumption that a fit parent's actions and decisions regarding grandparent,
great-grandparent, or sibling visitation are not harmful to the child's mental, physical, or emotional health. The
burden is on the
party filing a petition under this Section to prove that the
parent's actions and
decisions regarding visitation times are harmful to the child's mental, physical, or emotional health.
(4) In determining whether to grant visitation, the court shall consider the following:
(A) the preference of the child if the child is
determined to be of sufficient maturity to express a preference;
(B) the mental and physical health of the child;
(C) the mental and physical health of the
grandparent, great-grandparent, or sibling;
(D) the length and quality of the prior relationship
between the child and the grandparent, great-grandparent, or sibling;
(E) the good faith of the party in filing the
(F) the good faith of the person denying visitation;
(G) the quantity of the visitation time requested and
the potential adverse impact that visitation would have on the child's customary activities;
(H) whether the child resided with the petitioner for
at least 6 consecutive months with or without the current custodian present;
(I) whether the petitioner had frequent or regular
contact or visitation with the child for at least 12 consecutive months;
(J) any other fact that establishes that the loss of
the relationship between the petitioner and the child is likely to harm the child's mental, physical, or emotional health; and
(K) whether the grandparent, great-grandparent, or
sibling was a primary caretaker of the child for a period of not less than 6 consecutive months.
(5) The court may order visitation rights for the grandparent, great-grandparent, or sibling that include reasonable access without requiring overnight or possessory visitation.
(a-7)(1) Unless by stipulation of the parties, no motion to modify a grandparent, great-grandparent, or sibling visitation order may be made earlier than 2 years after the date the order was filed, unless the court permits it to be made on the basis of affidavits that there is reason to believe the child's present environment may endanger seriously the child's mental, physical, or emotional health.
(2) The court shall not modify an order that grants visitation to a grandparent, great-grandparent, or sibling unless it finds by clear and convincing evidence, upon the basis of facts that have arisen since the prior visitation order or that were unknown to the court at the time of entry of the prior visitation, that a change has occurred in the circumstances of the child or his or her custodian, and that the modification is necessary to protect the mental, physical, or emotional health of the child. The court shall state in its decision specific findings of fact in support of its modification or termination of the grandparent, great-grandparent, or sibling visitation. A child's parent may always petition to modify visitation upon changed circumstances when necessary to promote the child's best interest.
(3) Attorney fees and costs shall be assessed against a party seeking modification of the visitation order if the court finds that the modification action is vexatious and constitutes harassment.
(4) Notice under this subsection (a-7) shall be given as provided in subsections (c) and (d) of Section 601.
(b) (1) (Blank.)
(1.5) The Court may grant reasonable visitation privileges to a stepparent
upon petition to the court by the stepparent, with notice to the parties
required to be notified under Section 601 of this Act, if the court determines
that it is in the best interests and welfare of the child, and may issue any
necessary orders to enforce those visitation privileges.
A petition for visitation privileges may be filed under this paragraph (1.5)
whether or not a petition pursuant to this Act has been previously filed or is
currently pending if the following
circumstances are met:
(A) the child is at least 12 years old;
(B) the child resided continuously with the parent
and stepparent for at least 5 years;
(C) the parent is deceased or is disabled and is
unable to care for the child;
(D) the child wishes to have reasonable visitation
(E) the stepparent was providing for the care,
control, and welfare to the child prior to the initiation of the petition for visitation.
(2)(A) A petition for visitation privileges shall not be filed pursuant
to this subsection (b) by the parents or grandparents of a putative father
if the paternity of the putative father has not been legally established.
(B) A petition for visitation privileges may not be filed under
this subsection (b) if the child who is the subject of the
grandparents' or great-grandparents' petition has been voluntarily
surrendered by the parent or parents, except for a surrender to the
Illinois Department of Children and Family Services or a foster care
facility, or has been previously adopted by an individual or individuals
who are not related to the biological parents of the child or is the
subject of a pending adoption petition by an individual or individuals who
are not related to the biological parents of the child.
(c) The court may modify an order granting or denying visitation
rights of a parent whenever modification would serve the best interest of
but the court shall not restrict a parent's visitation rights unless it
finds that the visitation would endanger seriously the child's physical,
mental, moral or emotional health.
(d) If any court has entered an order prohibiting a non-custodial parent
of a child from any contact with a child
or restricting the non-custodial parent's contact with the child, the
following provisions shall apply:
(1) If an order has been entered granting visitation
privileges with the child to a grandparent or great-grandparent who is related to the child through the non-custodial parent, the visitation privileges of the grandparent or great-grandparent may be revoked if:
(i) a court has entered an order prohibiting the
non-custodial parent from any contact with the child, and the grandparent or great-grandparent is found to have used his or her visitation privileges to facilitate contact between the child and the non-custodial parent; or
(ii) a court has entered an order restricting the
non-custodial parent's contact with the child, and the grandparent or great-grandparent is found to have used his or her visitation privileges to facilitate contact between the child and the non-custodial parent in a manner that violates the terms of the order restricting the non-custodial parent's contact with the child.
Nothing in this subdivision (1) limits the authority
of the court to enforce its orders in any manner permitted by law.
(2) Any order granting visitation privileges with the
child to a grandparent or great-grandparent who is related to the child through the non-custodial parent shall contain the following provision:
"If the (grandparent or great-grandparent, whichever
is applicable) who has been granted visitation privileges under this order uses the visitation privileges to facilitate contact between the child and the child's non-custodial parent, the visitation privileges granted under this order shall be permanently revoked."
(e) No parent, not granted custody of the child, or grandparent, or
great-grandparent, or stepparent, or sibling of any minor child, convicted
of any offense
involving an illegal sex act perpetrated upon a victim less than 18 years of
age including but not limited to offenses for violations of Section 11-1.20, 11-1.30, 11-1.40, 11-1.50, 11-1.60, 11-1.70, or Article 12 of the
Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, is entitled to visitation rights while incarcerated
or while on parole, probation, conditional discharge, periodic
mandatory supervised release for that offense, and upon discharge from
incarceration for a misdemeanor offense or upon discharge from parole,
probation, conditional discharge, periodic imprisonment,
or mandatory supervised release for a felony offense, visitation shall be
denied until the person successfully completes a treatment program approved
by the court.
(f) Unless the court determines, after considering all relevant factors,
including but not limited to those set forth in Section 602(a), that it would
be in the best interests of the child to allow visitation, the court shall not
enter an order providing visitation rights and pursuant to a motion to modify
visitation shall revoke visitation rights previously granted to any
person who would otherwise be entitled to petition for visitation rights under
this Section who has been convicted of first degree murder of the parent,
grandparent, great-grandparent, or sibling of the child who is the subject of
the order. Until an order is entered pursuant to this subsection, no person
shall visit, with
the child present, a person who has been convicted of first degree murder of
the parent, grandparent, great-grandparent, or sibling of the child
without the consent of the child's parent, other than a parent convicted of
first degree murder as set forth herein, or legal
(h) Upon motion, the court may allow a parent who is deployed or who has orders to be deployed as a member of the United States Armed Forces to designate a person known to the child to exercise reasonable substitute visitation on behalf of the deployed parent, if the court determines that substitute visitation is in the best interest of the child. In determining whether substitute visitation is in the best interest of the child, the court shall consider all of the relevant factors listed in subsection (a) of Section 602 and apply those factors to the person designated as a substitute for the deployed parent for visitation purposes.
(Source: P.A. 96-331, eff. 1-1-10; 97-659, eff. 6-1-12; 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13