Illinois Compiled Statutes
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735 ILCS 5/2-623
(735 ILCS 5/2-623)
(This Section was added by P.A. 89-7, which has been held unconstitutional)
Certificate of merit; product liability.
(a) In a product liability action, as defined in Section 2-2101, in which
damages for harm,
the plaintiff's attorney or the plaintiff, if the plaintiff is proceeding pro
se, shall file an affidavit, attached to the original and all copies of the
complaint, declaring one of the following:
(1) That the affiant has consulted and reviewed the
facts of the case with a qualified expert, as defined in subsection (c), who has completed a written report, after examination of the product or a review of literature pertaining to the product, in accordance with the following requirements:
(A) In an action based on strict liability in
tort or implied warranty, the report must:
(i) identify specific defects in the product
that have a potential for harm beyond that which would be objectively contemplated by the ordinary user of the product; and
(ii) contain a determination that the product
was unreasonably dangerous and in a defective condition when it left the control of the manufacturer.
(B) In any other product liability action, the
report must identify the specific act or omission or other fault, as defined in Section 2-1116, on the part of the defendant.
(C) In any product liability action, the report
must contain a determination that the defective condition of the product or other fault was a proximate cause of the plaintiff's harm.
(2) That the plaintiff has not previously voluntarily
dismissed an action based upon the same or substantially the same acts, omissions, or occurrences and that the affiant was unable to obtain a consultation required by paragraph (1) because either a statute of limitations would impair the action and the consultation required could not be obtained before the expiration of the statute of limitations or despite a good faith effort to comply with this Section, the plaintiff was prevented by another person from inspecting or conducting nondestructive testing of the product. If an affidavit is executed pursuant to this paragraph, the affidavit required by paragraph (1) shall be filed within 90 days after the filing of the complaint. The defendant shall be excused from answering or otherwise pleading until 30 days after being served with an affidavit required by paragraph (1). No plaintiff shall be afforded the 90-day extension of time provided by this paragraph (2) if he or she has voluntarily dismissed an action for the same harm against the same defendant.
(b) When the defective condition referred to in the written report required
under paragraph (1) of subsection (a) is based on a design defect, the affiant
shall further state that the qualified expert, as defined in subsection (c),
identified in the written report required under subsection (a) either: (i) a
feasible alternative design that existed at the time the product left the
manufacturer's control; or (ii) an applicable government or industry standard
to which the product did not conform.
(c) A qualified expert, for the purposes of subsections (a) and (b), is
someone who possesses scientific, technical, or other specialized knowledge
regarding the product at issue or similar products and who is qualified to
prepare the report required by subsections (a) and (b).
(d) A copy of the written report required by subsections (a) and (b) shall
be attached to the original and all copies of the complaint. The report shall
include the name and address of the expert.
(e) The failure to file an affidavit required by subsections (a) and (b)
shall be grounds for dismissal under Section 2-619.
(f) Any related allegations concerning healing art malpractice must include
an affidavit under Section 2-622.
(g) This amendatory Act of 1995 applies only to causes of action filed on
or after its effective date.
(Source: P.A. 89-7, eff. 3-9-95