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(720 ILCS 510/2)
(from Ch. 38, par. 81-22)
Unless the language or context clearly indicates a different
meaning is intended, the following words or phrases for the purpose of
this Law shall be given the meaning ascribed to them:
(1) "Viability" means that stage of fetal development when, in the medical
judgment of the attending physician based on the particular facts of the
case before him, there is a reasonable likelihood of sustained survival
of the fetus outside the womb, with or without
(2) "Physician" means any person licensed to practice medicine in all
its branches under the Illinois Medical Practice Act of 1987, as amended.
(3) "Department" means the Department of Public Health, State of
(4) "Abortion" means the use of any instrument, medicine, drug or any
other substance or device to terminate the pregnancy of a woman known to
be pregnant with an intention other than to increase the probability of a
live birth, to preserve the life or health of the child after live birth,
or to remove a dead fetus.
(5) "Fertilization" and "conception" each mean the fertilization of
a human ovum by a human sperm, which shall be deemed to have occurred at
the time when it is known a spermatozoon has penetrated the cell membrane
of the ovum.
(6) "Fetus" and "unborn child" each mean an individual
organism of the species homo sapiens from fertilization until live birth.
(7) "Abortifacient" means any instrument, medicine, drug, or any
other substance or device which is known to cause fetal death when employed
in the usual and customary use for which it is manufactured, whether or
not the fetus is known to exist when such substance or device is
(8) "Born alive", "live born", and "live birth", when applied to
an individual organism of the species homo sapiens,
each mean he or she was completely expelled or extracted from
his or her mother and after such separation breathed or showed evidence
of any of the following: beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical
cord, or definite movement of voluntary muscles, irrespective of the duration
of pregnancy and whether or not the umbilical cord has been cut or the placenta
(Source: P.A. 85-1209.)