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705 ILCS 405/5-301

    (705 ILCS 405/5-301)
    Sec. 5-301. Station adjustments. A minor arrested for any offense or a violation of a condition of previous station adjustment may receive a station adjustment for that arrest as provided herein. In deciding whether to impose a station adjustment, either informal or formal, a juvenile police officer shall consider the following factors:
        (A) The seriousness of the alleged offense.
        (B) The prior history of delinquency of the minor.
        (C) The age of the minor.
        (D) The culpability of the minor in committing the
    
alleged offense.
        (E) Whether the offense was committed in an
    
aggressive or premeditated manner.
        (F) Whether the minor used or possessed a deadly
    
weapon when committing the alleged offenses.
    (1) Informal station adjustment.
        (a) An informal station adjustment is defined as a
    
procedure when a juvenile police officer determines that there is probable cause to believe that the minor has committed an offense.
        (b) A minor shall receive no more than 3 informal
    
station adjustments statewide for a misdemeanor offense within 3 years without prior approval from the State's Attorney's Office.
        (c) A minor shall receive no more than 3 informal
    
station adjustments statewide for a felony offense within 3 years without prior approval from the State's Attorney's Office.
        (d) A minor shall receive a combined total of no more
    
than 5 informal station adjustments statewide during his or her minority.
        (e) The juvenile police officer may make reasonable
    
conditions of an informal station adjustment which may include but are not limited to:
            (i) Curfew.
            (ii) Conditions restricting entry into designated
        
geographical areas.
            (iii) No contact with specified persons.
            (iv) School attendance.
            (v) Performing up to 25 hours of community
        
service work.
            (vi) Community mediation.
            (vii) Teen court or a peer court.
            (viii) Restitution limited to 90 days.
        (f) If the minor refuses or fails to abide by the
    
conditions of an informal station adjustment, the juvenile police officer may impose a formal station adjustment or refer the matter to the State's Attorney's Office.
        (g) An informal station adjustment does not
    
constitute an adjudication of delinquency or a criminal conviction. Beginning January 1, 2000, a record shall be maintained with the Department of State Police for informal station adjustments for offenses that would be a felony if committed by an adult, and may be maintained if the offense would be a misdemeanor.
    (2) Formal station adjustment.
        (a) A formal station adjustment is defined as a
    
procedure when a juvenile police officer determines that there is probable cause to believe the minor has committed an offense and an admission by the minor of involvement in the offense.
        (b) The minor and parent, guardian, or legal
    
custodian must agree in writing to the formal station adjustment and must be advised of the consequences of violation of any term of the agreement.
        (c) The minor and parent, guardian or legal custodian
    
shall be provided a copy of the signed agreement of the formal station adjustment. The agreement shall include:
            (i) The offense which formed the basis of the
        
formal station adjustment.
            (ii) An acknowledgment that the terms of the
        
formal station adjustment and the consequences for violation have been explained.
            (iii) An acknowledgment that the formal station
        
adjustments record may be expunged under Section 5-915 of this Act.
            (iv) An acknowledgement that the minor
        
understands that his or her admission of involvement in the offense may be admitted into evidence in future court hearings.
            (v) A statement that all parties understand the
        
terms and conditions of formal station adjustment and agree to the formal station adjustment process.
        (d) Conditions of the formal station adjustment may
    
include, but are not limited to:
            (i) The time shall not exceed 120 days.
            (ii) The minor shall not violate any laws.
            (iii) The juvenile police officer may require the
        
minor to comply with additional conditions for the formal station adjustment which may include but are not limited to:
                (a) Attending school.
                (b) Abiding by a set curfew.
                (c) Payment of restitution.
                (d) Refraining from possessing a firearm or
            
other weapon.
                (e) Reporting to a police officer at
            
designated times and places, including reporting and verification that the minor is at home at designated hours.
                (f) Performing up to 25 hours of community
            
service work.
                (g) Refraining from entering designated
            
geographical areas.
                (h) Participating in community mediation.
                (i) Participating in teen court or peer court.
                (j) Refraining from contact with specified
            
persons.
        (e) A formal station adjustment does not constitute
    
an adjudication of delinquency or a criminal conviction. Beginning January 1, 2000, a record shall be maintained with the Department of State Police for formal station adjustments.
        (f) A minor or the minor's parent, guardian, or legal
    
custodian, or both the minor and the minor's parent, guardian, or legal custodian, may refuse a formal station adjustment and have the matter referred for court action or other appropriate action.
        (g) A minor or the minor's parent, guardian, or legal
    
custodian, or both the minor and the minor's parent, guardian, or legal custodian, may within 30 days of the commencement of the formal station adjustment revoke their consent and have the matter referred for court action or other appropriate action. This revocation must be in writing and personally served upon the police officer or his or her supervisor.
        (h) The admission of the minor as to involvement in
    
the offense shall be admissible at further court hearings as long as the statement would be admissible under the rules of evidence.
        (i) If the minor violates any term or condition of
    
the formal station adjustment the juvenile police officer shall provide written notice of violation to the minor and the minor's parent, guardian, or legal custodian. After consultation with the minor and the minor's parent, guardian, or legal custodian, the juvenile police officer may take any of the following steps upon violation:
            (i) Warn the minor of consequences of continued
        
violations and continue the formal station adjustment.
            (ii) Extend the period of the formal station
        
adjustment up to a total of 180 days.
            (iii) Extend the hours of community service work
        
up to a total of 40 hours.
            (iv) Terminate the formal station adjustment
        
unsatisfactorily and take no other action.
            (v) Terminate the formal station adjustment
        
unsatisfactorily and refer the matter to the juvenile court.
        (j) A minor shall receive no more than 2 formal
    
station adjustments statewide for a felony offense without the State's Attorney's approval within a 3 year period.
        (k) A minor shall receive no more than 3 formal
    
station adjustments statewide for a misdemeanor offense without the State's Attorney's approval within a 3 year period.
        (l) The total for formal station adjustments
    
statewide within the period of minority may not exceed 4 without the State's Attorney's approval.
        (m) If the minor is arrested in a jurisdiction where
    
the minor does not reside, the formal station adjustment may be transferred to the jurisdiction where the minor does reside upon written agreement of that jurisdiction to monitor the formal station adjustment.
    (3) Beginning January 1, 2000, the juvenile police officer making a station adjustment shall assure that information about any offense which would constitute a felony if committed by an adult and may assure that information about a misdemeanor is transmitted to the Department of State Police.
    (4) The total number of station adjustments, both formal and informal, shall not exceed 9 without the State's Attorney's approval for any minor arrested anywhere in the State.
(Source: P.A. 99-78, eff. 7-20-15.)