Illinois Compiled Statutes
Information maintained by the Legislative
Updating the database of the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) is an ongoing process.
Recent laws may not yet be included in the ILCS database, but they are found on this site as Public
soon after they become law. For information concerning the relationship between statutes and Public Acts, refer to the
Because the statute database is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes,
statutory changes are sometimes included in the statute database before they take effect.
If the source note at the end of a Section of the statutes includes a Public Act that has
not yet taken effect, the version of the law that is currently in effect may have already
been removed from the database and you should refer to that Public Act to see the changes
made to the current law.
705 ILCS 405/1-3
(705 ILCS 405/1-3)
(from Ch. 37, par. 801-3)
Terms used in this Act, unless the context
otherwise requires, have the following meanings ascribed to them:
(1) "Adjudicatory hearing" means a hearing to
determine whether the allegations of a petition under Section 2-13, 3-15 or
4-12 that a minor under 18 years of age is abused, neglected or dependent, or
requires authoritative intervention, or addicted, respectively, are supported
by a preponderance of the evidence or whether the allegations of a petition
under Section 5-520 that a minor is delinquent are proved beyond a reasonable
(2) "Adult" means a person 21 years of age or older.
(3) "Agency" means a public or private child care facility
legally authorized or licensed by this State for placement or institutional
care or for both placement and institutional care.
(4) "Association" means any organization, public or
private, engaged in welfare functions which include services to or on behalf of
children but does not include "agency" as herein defined.
(4.05) Whenever a "best interest" determination is
required, the following factors shall be considered in the context of the
child's age and developmental needs:
(a) the physical safety and welfare of the child,
including food, shelter, health, and clothing;
(b) the development of the child's identity;
(c) the child's background and ties, including
familial, cultural, and religious;
(d) the child's sense of attachments, including:
(i) where the child actually feels love,
attachment, and a sense of being valued (as opposed to where adults believe the child should feel such love, attachment, and a sense of being valued);
(ii) the child's sense of security;
(iii) the child's sense of familiarity;
(iv) continuity of affection for the child;
(v) the least disruptive placement alternative
(e) the child's wishes and long-term goals;
(f) the child's community ties, including church,
(g) the child's need for permanence which includes
the child's need for stability and continuity of relationships with parent figures and with siblings and other relatives;
(h) the uniqueness of every family and child;
(i) the risks attendant to entering and being in
(j) the preferences of the persons available to care
(4.1) "Chronic truant" shall have the definition
ascribed to it in Section 26-2a of the School Code.
(5) "Court" means the circuit court in a session or division
assigned to hear proceedings under this Act.
(6) "Dispositional hearing" means a hearing to
determine whether a minor should be adjudged to be a ward of the court, and to
determine what order of disposition should be made in respect to a minor
adjudged to be a ward of the court.
(6.5) "Dissemination" or "disseminate" means to publish, produce, print, manufacture, distribute, sell, lease, exhibit, broadcast, display, transmit, or otherwise share information in any format so as to make the information accessible to others.
(7) "Emancipated minor" means any minor 16 years of age or over who has
been completely or partially emancipated under the Emancipation of
Minors Act or
under this Act.
(7.03) "Expunge" means to physically destroy the records and to obliterate the minor's name from any official index, public record, or electronic database.
(7.05) "Foster parent" includes a relative caregiver selected by the Department of Children and Family Services to provide care for the minor.
(8) "Guardianship of the person" of a minor
means the duty and authority to act in the best interests of the minor, subject
to residual parental rights and responsibilities, to make important decisions
in matters having a permanent effect on the life and development of the minor
and to be concerned with his or her general welfare. It includes but is not
necessarily limited to:
(a) the authority to consent to marriage, to
enlistment in the armed forces of the United States, or to a major medical, psychiatric, and surgical treatment; to represent the minor in legal actions; and to make other decisions of substantial legal significance concerning the minor;
(b) the authority and duty of reasonable visitation,
except to the extent that these have been limited in the best interests of the minor by court order;
(c) the rights and responsibilities of legal custody
except where legal custody has been vested in another person or agency; and
(d) the power to consent to the adoption of the
minor, but only if expressly conferred on the guardian in accordance with Section 2-29, 3-30, or 4-27.
(8.1) "Juvenile court record" includes, but is not limited to:
(a) all documents filed in or maintained by the
juvenile court pertaining to a specific incident, proceeding, or individual;
(b) all documents relating to a specific incident,
proceeding, or individual made available to or maintained by probation officers;
(c) all documents, video or audio tapes, photographs,
and exhibits admitted into evidence at juvenile court hearings; or
(d) all documents, transcripts, records, reports, or
other evidence prepared by, maintained by, or released by any municipal, county, or State agency or department, in any format, if indicating involvement with the juvenile court relating to a specific incident, proceeding, or individual.
(8.2) "Juvenile law enforcement record" includes records of arrest, station adjustments, fingerprints, probation adjustments, the issuance of a notice to appear, or any other records or documents maintained by any law enforcement agency relating to a minor suspected of committing an offense, and records maintained by a law enforcement agency that identifies a juvenile as a suspect in committing an offense, but does not include records identifying a juvenile as a victim, witness, or missing juvenile and any records created, maintained, or used for purposes of referral to programs relating to diversion as defined in subsection (6) of Section 5-105.
(9) "Legal custody" means the relationship created by an
order of court in the best interests of the minor which imposes on the
custodian the responsibility of physical possession of a minor and the duty to
protect, train and discipline him and to provide him with food, shelter,
education and ordinary medical care, except as these are limited by residual
parental rights and responsibilities and the rights and responsibilities of the
guardian of the person, if any.
(9.1) "Mentally capable adult relative" means a person 21 years of age or older who is not suffering from a mental illness that prevents him or her from providing the care necessary to safeguard the physical safety and welfare of a minor who is left in that person's care by the parent or parents or other person responsible for the minor's welfare.
(10) "Minor" means a person under the age of 21 years subject to
(11) "Parent" means a father or mother of a child and
includes any adoptive parent. It also includes a person (i)
is presumed or has been established under the law of this or another
jurisdiction or (ii) who has registered with the Putative Father Registry in
accordance with Section 12.1 of the Adoption Act and whose paternity has not
been ruled out under the law of this or another jurisdiction. It does not
parent whose rights in respect to the
minor have been terminated in any manner provided by law. It does not include a person who has been or could be determined to be a parent under the Illinois Parentage Act of 1984 or the Illinois Parentage Act of 2015, or similar parentage law in any other state, if that person has been convicted of or pled nolo contendere to a crime that resulted in the conception of the child under Section 11-1.20, 11-1.30, 11-1.40, 11-11, 12-13, 12-14, 12-14.1, subsection (a) or (b) (but not subsection (c)) of Section 11-1.50 or 12-15, or subsection (a), (b), (c), (e), or (f) (but not subsection (d)) of Section 11-1.60 or 12-16 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, or similar statute in another jurisdiction unless upon motion of any party, other than the offender, to the juvenile court proceedings the court finds it is in the child's best interest to deem the offender a parent for purposes of the juvenile court proceedings.
(11.1) "Permanency goal" means a goal set by the court as defined in
subdivision (2) of Section 2-28.
(11.2) "Permanency hearing" means a hearing to set the permanency goal and
to review and determine (i) the appropriateness of the services contained in
the plan and whether those services have been provided, (ii) whether reasonable
efforts have been made by all the parties to the service plan to achieve the
goal, and (iii) whether the plan and goal have been achieved.
(12) "Petition" means the petition provided for in Section
2-13, 3-15, 4-12 or 5-520, including any supplemental petitions thereunder
in Section 3-15, 4-12 or 5-520.
(12.1) "Physically capable adult relative" means a person 21 years of age or older who does not have a severe physical disability or medical condition, or is not suffering from alcoholism or drug addiction, that prevents him or her from providing the care necessary to safeguard the physical safety and welfare of a minor who is left in that person's care by the parent or parents or other person responsible for the minor's welfare.
(12.2) "Post Permanency Sibling Contact Agreement" has the meaning ascribed to the term in Section 7.4 of the Children and Family Services Act.
(12.3) "Residential treatment center" means a licensed setting that provides 24-hour care to children in a group home or institution, including a facility licensed as a child care institution under Section 2.06 of the Child Care Act of 1969, a licensed group home under Section 2.16 of the Child Care Act of 1969, a secure child care facility as defined in paragraph (18) of this Section, or any similar facility in another state. "Residential treatment center" does not include a relative foster home or a licensed foster family home.
(13) "Residual parental
rights and responsibilities" means those rights and responsibilities remaining
with the parent after the transfer of legal custody or guardianship of the
person, including, but not necessarily limited to, the right to reasonable
visitation (which may be limited by the court in the best interests of the
minor as provided in subsection (8)(b) of this Section), the right to consent
to adoption, the right to determine the minor's religious affiliation, and the
responsibility for his support.
(14) "Shelter" means the temporary care of a minor in
physically unrestricting facilities pending court disposition or execution of
court order for placement.
(14.05) "Shelter placement" means a temporary or emergency placement for a minor, including an emergency foster home placement.
(14.1) "Sibling Contact Support Plan" has the meaning ascribed to the term in Section 7.4 of the Children and Family Services Act.
(14.2) "Significant event report" means a written document describing an occurrence or event beyond the customary operations, routines, or relationships in the Department of Children of Family Services, a child care facility, or other entity that is licensed or regulated by the Department of Children of Family Services or that provides services for the Department of Children of Family Services under a grant, contract, or purchase of service agreement; involving children or youth, employees, foster parents, or relative caregivers; allegations of abuse or neglect or any other incident raising a concern about the well-being of a minor under the jurisdiction of the court under Article II of the Juvenile Court Act; incidents involving damage to property, allegations of criminal activity, misconduct, or other occurrences affecting the operations of the Department of Children of Family Services or a child care facility; any incident that could have media impact; and unusual incidents as defined by Department of Children and Family Services rule.
(15) "Station adjustment" means the informal
handling of an alleged offender by a juvenile police officer.
(16) "Ward of the court" means a minor who is so
adjudged under Section 2-22, 3-23, 4-20 or 5-705, after a finding of the
requisite jurisdictional facts, and thus is subject to the dispositional powers
of the court under this Act.
(17) "Juvenile police officer" means a sworn
police officer who has completed a Basic Recruit Training Course, has been
assigned to the position of juvenile police officer by his or her chief law
enforcement officer and has completed the necessary juvenile officers training
as prescribed by the Illinois Law Enforcement Training Standards Board, or in
the case of a State police officer, juvenile officer
training approved by the Director of the Department of State Police.
(18) "Secure child care facility" means any child care facility licensed
by the Department of Children and Family Services to provide secure living
arrangements for children under 18 years of age who are subject to placement in
facilities under the Children and Family Services Act and who are not subject
to placement in facilities for whom standards are established by the Department
of Corrections under Section 3-15-2 of the Unified Code of Corrections.
"Secure child care facility" also means a
facility that is designed and operated to ensure that all entrances and
from the facility, a building, or a distinct part of the building are under the
exclusive control of the staff of the facility, whether or not the child has
the freedom of movement within the perimeter of the facility, building, or
distinct part of the building.
(Source: P.A. 99-85, eff. 1-1-16; 100-136, eff. 8-8-17; 100-229, eff. 1-1-18; 100-689, eff. 1-1-19; 100-863, eff. 8-14-18; 100-1162, eff. 12-20-18.)