Illinois Compiled Statutes
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305 ILCS 5/5-30
(305 ILCS 5/5-30)
(a) At least 50% of recipients eligible for comprehensive medical benefits in all medical assistance programs or other health benefit programs administered by the Department, including the Children's Health Insurance Program Act and the Covering ALL KIDS Health Insurance Act, shall be enrolled in a care coordination program by no later than January 1, 2015. For purposes of this Section, "coordinated care" or "care coordination" means delivery systems where recipients will receive their care from providers who participate under contract in integrated delivery systems that are responsible for providing or arranging the majority of care, including primary care physician services, referrals from primary care physicians, diagnostic and treatment services, behavioral health services, in-patient and outpatient hospital services, dental services, and rehabilitation and long-term care services. The Department shall designate or contract for such integrated delivery systems (i) to ensure enrollees have a choice of systems and of primary care providers within such systems; (ii) to ensure that enrollees receive quality care in a culturally and linguistically appropriate manner; and (iii) to ensure that coordinated care programs meet the diverse needs of enrollees with developmental, mental health, physical, and age-related disabilities.
(b) Payment for such coordinated care shall be based on arrangements where the State pays for performance related to health care outcomes, the use of evidence-based practices, the use of primary care delivered through comprehensive medical homes, the use of electronic medical records, and the appropriate exchange of health information electronically made either on a capitated basis in which a fixed monthly premium per recipient is paid and full financial risk is assumed for the delivery of services, or through other risk-based payment arrangements.
(c) To qualify for compliance with this Section, the 50% goal shall be achieved by enrolling medical assistance enrollees from each medical assistance enrollment category, including parents, children, seniors, and people with disabilities to the extent that current State Medicaid payment laws would not limit federal matching funds for recipients in care coordination programs. In addition, services must be more comprehensively defined and more risk shall be assumed than in the Department's primary care case management program as of January 25, 2011 (the effective date of Public Act 96-1501).
(d) The Department shall report to the General Assembly in a separate part of its annual medical assistance program report, beginning April, 2012 until April, 2016, on the progress and implementation of the care coordination program initiatives established by the provisions of Public Act 96-1501. The Department shall include in its April 2011 report a full analysis of federal laws or regulations regarding upper payment limitations to providers and the necessary revisions or adjustments in rate methodologies and payments to providers under this Code that would be necessary to implement coordinated care with full financial risk by a party other than the Department.
(e) Integrated Care Program for individuals with chronic mental health conditions.
(1) The Integrated Care Program shall encompass
services administered to recipients of medical assistance under this Article to prevent exacerbations and complications using cost-effective, evidence-based practice guidelines and mental health management strategies.
(2) The Department may utilize and expand upon
existing contractual arrangements with integrated care plans under the Integrated Care Program for providing the coordinated care provisions of this Section.
(3) Payment for such coordinated care shall be based
on arrangements where the State pays for performance related to mental health outcomes on a capitated basis in which a fixed monthly premium per recipient is paid and full financial risk is assumed for the delivery of services, or through other risk-based payment arrangements such as provider-based care coordination.
(4) The Department shall examine whether chronic
mental health management programs and services for recipients with specific chronic mental health conditions do any or all of the following:
(A) Improve the patient's overall mental health
in a more expeditious and cost-effective manner.
(B) Lower costs in other aspects of the medical
assistance program, such as hospital admissions, emergency room visits, or more frequent and inappropriate psychotropic drug use.
(5) The Department shall work with the facilities and
any integrated care plan participating in the program to identify and correct barriers to the successful implementation of this subsection (e) prior to and during the implementation to best facilitate the goals and objectives of this subsection (e).
(f) A hospital that is located in a county of the State in which the Department mandates some or all of the beneficiaries of the Medical Assistance Program residing in the county to enroll in a Care Coordination Program, as set forth in Section 5-30 of this Code, shall not be eligible for any non-claims based payments not mandated by Article V-A of this Code for which it would otherwise be qualified to receive, unless the hospital is a Coordinated Care Participating Hospital no later than 60 days after June 14, 2012 (the effective date of Public Act 97-689) or 60 days after the first mandatory enrollment of a beneficiary in a Coordinated Care program. For purposes of this subsection, "Coordinated Care Participating Hospital" means a hospital that meets one of the following criteria:
(1) The hospital has entered into a contract to
provide hospital services with one or more MCOs to enrollees of the care coordination program.
(2) The hospital has not been offered a contract by a
care coordination plan that the Department has determined to be a good faith offer and that pays at least as much as the Department would pay, on a fee-for-service basis, not including disproportionate share hospital adjustment payments or any other supplemental adjustment or add-on payment to the base fee-for-service rate, except to the extent such adjustments or add-on payments are incorporated into the development of the applicable MCO capitated rates.
As used in this subsection (f), "MCO" means any entity which contracts with the Department to provide services where payment for medical services is made on a capitated basis.
(g) No later than August 1, 2013, the Department shall issue a purchase of care solicitation for Accountable Care Entities (ACE) to serve any children and parents or caretaker relatives of children eligible for medical assistance under this Article. An ACE may be a single corporate structure or a network of providers organized through contractual relationships with a single corporate entity. The solicitation shall require that:
(1) An ACE operating in Cook County be capable of
serving at least 40,000 eligible individuals in that county; an ACE operating in Lake, Kane, DuPage, or Will Counties be capable of serving at least 20,000 eligible individuals in those counties and an ACE operating in other regions of the State be capable of serving at least 10,000 eligible individuals in the region in which it operates. During initial periods of mandatory enrollment, the Department shall require its enrollment services contractor to use a default assignment algorithm that ensures if possible an ACE reaches the minimum enrollment levels set forth in this paragraph.
(2) An ACE must include at a minimum the following
types of providers: primary care, specialty care, hospitals, and behavioral healthcare.
(3) An ACE shall have a governance structure that
includes the major components of the health care delivery system, including one representative from each of the groups listed in paragraph (2).
(4) An ACE must be an integrated delivery system,
including a network able to provide the full range of services needed by Medicaid beneficiaries and system capacity to securely pass clinical information across participating entities and to aggregate and analyze that data in order to coordinate care.
(5) An ACE must be capable of providing both care
coordination and complex case management, as necessary, to beneficiaries. To be responsive to the solicitation, a potential ACE must outline its care coordination and complex case management model and plan to reduce the cost of care.
(6) In the first 18 months of operation, unless the
ACE selects a shorter period, an ACE shall be paid care coordination fees on a per member per month basis that are projected to be cost neutral to the State during the term of their payment and, subject to federal approval, be eligible to share in additional savings generated by their care coordination.
(7) In months 19 through 36 of operation, unless the
ACE selects a shorter period, an ACE shall be paid on a pre-paid capitation basis for all medical assistance covered services, under contract terms similar to Managed Care Organizations (MCO), with the Department sharing the risk through either stop-loss insurance for extremely high cost individuals or corridors of shared risk based on the overall cost of the total enrollment in the ACE. The ACE shall be responsible for claims processing, encounter data submission, utilization control, and quality assurance.
(8) In the fourth and subsequent years of operation,
an ACE shall convert to a Managed Care Community Network (MCCN), as defined in this Article, or Health Maintenance Organization pursuant to the Illinois Insurance Code, accepting full-risk capitation payments.
The Department shall allow potential ACE entities 5 months from the date of the posting of the solicitation to submit proposals. After the solicitation is released, in addition to the MCO rate development data available on the Department's website, subject to federal and State confidentiality and privacy laws and regulations, the Department shall provide 2 years of de-identified summary service data on the targeted population, split between children and adults, showing the historical type and volume of services received and the cost of those services to those potential bidders that sign a data use agreement. The Department may add up to 2 non-state government employees with expertise in creating integrated delivery systems to its review team for the purchase of care solicitation described in this subsection. Any such individuals must sign a no-conflict disclosure and confidentiality agreement and agree to act in accordance with all applicable State laws.
During the first 2 years of an ACE's operation, the Department shall provide claims data to the ACE on its enrollees on a periodic basis no less frequently than monthly.
Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to limit the Department's mandate to enroll 50% of its beneficiaries into care coordination systems by January 1, 2015, using all available care coordination delivery systems, including Care Coordination Entities (CCE), MCCNs, or MCOs, nor be construed to affect the current CCEs, MCCNs, and MCOs selected to serve seniors and persons with disabilities prior to that date.
Nothing in this subsection precludes the Department from considering future proposals for new ACEs or expansion of existing ACEs at the discretion of the Department.
(h) Department contracts with MCOs and other entities reimbursed by risk based capitation shall have a minimum medical loss ratio of 85%, shall require the entity to establish an appeals and grievances process for consumers and providers, and shall require the entity to provide a quality assurance and utilization review program. Entities contracted with the Department to coordinate healthcare regardless of risk shall be measured utilizing the same quality metrics. The quality metrics may be population specific. Any contracted entity serving at least 5,000 seniors or people with disabilities or 15,000 individuals in other populations covered by the Medical Assistance Program that has been receiving full-risk capitation for a year shall be accredited by a national accreditation organization authorized by the Department within 2 years after the date it is eligible to become accredited. The requirements of this subsection shall apply to contracts with MCOs entered into or renewed or extended after June 1, 2013.
(h-5) The Department shall monitor and enforce compliance by MCOs with agreements they have entered into with providers on issues that include, but are not limited to, timeliness of payment, payment rates, and processes for obtaining prior approval. The Department may impose sanctions on MCOs for violating provisions of those agreements that include, but are not limited to, financial penalties, suspension of enrollment of new enrollees, and termination of the MCO's contract with the Department. As used in this subsection (h-5), "MCO" has the meaning ascribed to that term in Section 5-30.1 of this Code.
(i) Unless otherwise required by federal law, Medicaid Managed Care Entities and their respective business associates shall not disclose, directly or indirectly, including by sending a bill or explanation of benefits, information concerning the sensitive health services received by enrollees of the Medicaid Managed Care Entity to any person other than covered entities and business associates, which may receive, use, and further disclose such information solely for the purposes permitted under applicable federal and State laws and regulations if such use and further disclosure satisfies all applicable requirements of such laws and regulations. The Medicaid Managed Care Entity or its respective business associates may disclose information concerning the sensitive health services if the enrollee who received the sensitive health services requests the information from the Medicaid Managed Care Entity or its respective business associates and authorized the sending of a bill or explanation of benefits. Communications including, but not limited to, statements of care received or appointment reminders either directly or indirectly to the enrollee from the health care provider, health care professional, and care coordinators, remain permissible. Medicaid Managed Care Entities or their respective business associates may communicate directly with their enrollees regarding care coordination activities for those enrollees.
For the purposes of this subsection, the term "Medicaid Managed Care Entity" includes Care Coordination Entities, Accountable Care Entities, Managed Care Organizations, and Managed Care Community Networks.
For purposes of this subsection, the term "sensitive health services" means mental health services, substance abuse treatment services, reproductive health services, family planning services, services for sexually transmitted infections and sexually transmitted diseases, and services for sexual assault or domestic abuse. Services include prevention, screening, consultation, examination, treatment, or follow-up.
For purposes of this subsection, "business associate", "covered entity", "disclosure", and "use" have the meanings ascribed to those terms in 45 CFR 160.103.
Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to relieve a Medicaid Managed Care Entity or the Department of any duty to report incidents of sexually transmitted infections to the Department of Public Health or to the local board of health in accordance with regulations adopted under a statute or ordinance or to report incidents of sexually transmitted infections as necessary to comply with the requirements under Section 5 of the Abused and Neglected Child Reporting Act or as otherwise required by State or federal law.
The Department shall create policy in order to implement the requirements in this subsection.
(j) Managed Care Entities (MCEs), including MCOs and all other care coordination organizations, shall develop and maintain a written language access policy that sets forth the standards, guidelines, and operational plan to ensure language appropriate services and that is consistent with the standard of meaningful access for populations with limited English proficiency. The language access policy shall describe how the MCEs will provide all of the following required services:
(1) Translation (the written replacement of text from
one language into another) of all vital documents and forms as identified by the Department.
(2) Qualified interpreter services (the oral
communication of a message from one language into another by a qualified interpreter).
(3) Staff training on the language access policy,
including how to identify language needs, access and provide language assistance services, work with interpreters, request translations, and track the use of language assistance services.
(4) Data tracking that identifies the language need.
(5) Notification to participants on the availability
of language access services and on how to access such services.
(k) The Department shall actively monitor the contractual relationship between Managed Care Organizations (MCOs) and any dental administrator contracted by an MCO to provide dental services. The Department shall adopt appropriate dental Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) measures and shall include the Annual Dental Visit (ADV) HEDIS measure in its Health Plan Comparison Tool and Illinois Medicaid Plan Report Card that is available on the Department's website for enrolled individuals.
The Department shall collect from each MCO specific information about the types of contracted, broad-based care coordination occurring between the MCO and any dental administrator, including, but not limited to, pregnant women and diabetic patients in need of oral care.
(Source: P.A. 99-106, eff. 1-1-16; 99-181, eff. 7-29-15; 99-566, eff. 1-1-17; 99-642, eff. 7-28-16; 100-587, eff. 6-4-18.)