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35 ILCS 105/3-55

    (35 ILCS 105/3-55) (from Ch. 120, par. 439.3-55)
    Sec. 3-55. Multistate exemption. To prevent actual or likely multistate taxation, the tax imposed by this Act does not apply to the use of tangible personal property in this State under the following circumstances:
    (a) The use, in this State, of tangible personal property acquired outside this State by a nonresident individual and brought into this State by the individual for his or her own use while temporarily within this State or while passing through this State.
    (b) The use, in this State, of tangible personal property by an interstate carrier for hire as rolling stock moving in interstate commerce or by lessors under a lease of one year or longer executed or in effect at the time of purchase of tangible personal property by interstate carriers for-hire for use as rolling stock moving in interstate commerce as long as so used by the interstate carriers for-hire, and equipment operated by a telecommunications provider, licensed as a common carrier by the Federal Communications Commission, which is permanently installed in or affixed to aircraft moving in interstate commerce.
    (c) The use, in this State, by owners, lessors, or shippers of tangible personal property that is utilized by interstate carriers for hire for use as rolling stock moving in interstate commerce as long as so used by the interstate carriers for hire, and equipment operated by a telecommunications provider, licensed as a common carrier by the Federal Communications Commission, which is permanently installed in or affixed to aircraft moving in interstate commerce.
    (d) The use, in this State, of tangible personal property that is acquired outside this State and caused to be brought into this State by a person who has already paid a tax in another State in respect to the sale, purchase, or use of that property, to the extent of the amount of the tax properly due and paid in the other State.
    (e) The temporary storage, in this State, of tangible personal property that is acquired outside this State and that, after being brought into this State and stored here temporarily, is used solely outside this State or is physically attached to or incorporated into other tangible personal property that is used solely outside this State, or is altered by converting, fabricating, manufacturing, printing, processing, or shaping, and, as altered, is used solely outside this State.
    (f) The temporary storage in this State of building materials and fixtures that are acquired either in this State or outside this State by an Illinois registered combination retailer and construction contractor, and that the purchaser thereafter uses outside this State by incorporating that property into real estate located outside this State.
    (g) The use or purchase of tangible personal property by a common carrier by rail or motor that receives the physical possession of the property in Illinois, and that transports the property, or shares with another common carrier in the transportation of the property, out of Illinois on a standard uniform bill of lading showing the seller of the property as the shipper or consignor of the property to a destination outside Illinois, for use outside Illinois.
    (h) Except as provided in subsection (h-1), the use, in this State, of a motor vehicle that was sold in this State to a nonresident, even though the motor vehicle is delivered to the nonresident in this State, if the motor vehicle is not to be titled in this State, and if a drive-away permit is issued to the motor vehicle as provided in Section 3-603 of the Illinois Vehicle Code or if the nonresident purchaser has vehicle registration plates to transfer to the motor vehicle upon returning to his or her home state. The issuance of the drive-away permit or having the out-of-state registration plates to be transferred shall be prima facie evidence that the motor vehicle will not be titled in this State.
    (h-1) The exemption under subsection (h) does not apply if the state in which the motor vehicle will be titled does not allow a reciprocal exemption for the use in that state of a motor vehicle sold and delivered in that state to an Illinois resident but titled in Illinois. The tax collected under this Act on the sale of a motor vehicle in this State to a resident of another state that does not allow a reciprocal exemption shall be imposed at a rate equal to the state's rate of tax on taxable property in the state in which the purchaser is a resident, except that the tax shall not exceed the tax that would otherwise be imposed under this Act. At the time of the sale, the purchaser shall execute a statement, signed under penalty of perjury, of his or her intent to title the vehicle in the state in which the purchaser is a resident within 30 days after the sale and of the fact of the payment to the State of Illinois of tax in an amount equivalent to the state's rate of tax on taxable property in his or her state of residence and shall submit the statement to the appropriate tax collection agency in his or her state of residence. In addition, the retailer must retain a signed copy of the statement in his or her records. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to require the removal of the vehicle from this state following the filing of an intent to title the vehicle in the purchaser's state of residence if the purchaser titles the vehicle in his or her state of residence within 30 days after the date of sale. The tax collected under this Act in accordance with this subsection (h-1) shall be proportionately distributed as if the tax were collected at the 6.25% general rate imposed under this Act.
    (h-2) The following exemptions apply with respect to certain aircraft:
        (1) Beginning on July 1, 2007, no tax is imposed
    
under this Act on the purchase of an aircraft, as defined in Section 3 of the Illinois Aeronautics Act, if all of the following conditions are met:
            (A) the aircraft leaves this State within 15
        
days after the later of either the issuance of the final billing for the purchase of the aircraft or the authorized approval for return to service, completion of the maintenance record entry, and completion of the test flight and ground test for inspection, as required by 14 C.F.R. 91.407;
            (B) the aircraft is not based or registered in
        
this State after the purchase of the aircraft; and
            (C) the purchaser provides the Department with a
        
signed and dated certification, on a form prescribed by the Department, certifying that the requirements of this item (1) are met. The certificate must also include the name and address of the purchaser, the address of the location where the aircraft is to be titled or registered, the address of the primary physical location of the aircraft, and other information that the Department may reasonably require.
        (2) Beginning on July 1, 2007, no tax is imposed
    
under this Act on the use of an aircraft, as defined in Section 3 of the Illinois Aeronautics Act, that is temporarily located in this State for the purpose of a prepurchase evaluation if all of the following conditions are met:
            (A) the aircraft is not based or registered in
        
this State after the prepurchase evaluation; and
            (B) the purchaser provides the Department with a
        
signed and dated certification, on a form prescribed by the Department, certifying that the requirements of this item (2) are met. The certificate must also include the name and address of the purchaser, the address of the location where the aircraft is to be titled or registered, the address of the primary physical location of the aircraft, and other information that the Department may reasonably require.
        (3) Beginning on July 1, 2007, no tax is imposed
    
under this Act on the use of an aircraft, as defined in Section 3 of the Illinois Aeronautics Act, that is temporarily located in this State for the purpose of a post-sale customization if all of the following conditions are met:
            (A) the aircraft leaves this State within 15 days
        
after the authorized approval for return to service, completion of the maintenance record entry, and completion of the test flight and ground test for inspection, as required by 14 C.F.R. 91.407;
            (B) the aircraft is not based or registered in
        
this State either before or after the post-sale customization; and
            (C) the purchaser provides the Department with a
        
signed and dated certification, on a form prescribed by the Department, certifying that the requirements of this item (3) are met. The certificate must also include the name and address of the purchaser, the address of the location where the aircraft is to be titled or registered, the address of the primary physical location of the aircraft, and other information that the Department may reasonably require.
    If tax becomes due under this subsection (h-2) because of the purchaser's use of the aircraft in this State, the purchaser shall file a return with the Department and pay the tax on the fair market value of the aircraft. This return and payment of the tax must be made no later than 30 days after the aircraft is used in a taxable manner in this State. The tax is based on the fair market value of the aircraft on the date that it is first used in a taxable manner in this State.
    For purposes of this subsection (h-2):
    "Based in this State" means hangared, stored, or otherwise used, excluding post-sale customizations as defined in this Section, for 10 or more days in each 12-month period immediately following the date of the sale of the aircraft.
    "Post-sale customization" means any improvement, maintenance, or repair that is performed on an aircraft following a transfer of ownership of the aircraft.
    "Prepurchase evaluation" means an examination of an aircraft to provide a potential purchaser with information relevant to the potential purchase.
    "Registered in this State" means an aircraft registered with the Department of Transportation, Aeronautics Division, or titled or registered with the Federal Aviation Administration to an address located in this State.
    This subsection (h-2) is exempt from the provisions of Section 3-90.
    (i) Beginning July 1, 1999, the use, in this State, of fuel acquired outside this State and brought into this State in the fuel supply tanks of locomotives engaged in freight hauling and passenger service for interstate commerce. This subsection is exempt from the provisions of Section 3-90.
    (j) Beginning on January 1, 2002 and through June 30, 2016, the use of tangible personal property purchased from an Illinois retailer by a taxpayer engaged in centralized purchasing activities in Illinois who will, upon receipt of the property in Illinois, temporarily store the property in Illinois (i) for the purpose of subsequently transporting it outside this State for use or consumption thereafter solely outside this State or (ii) for the purpose of being processed, fabricated, or manufactured into, attached to, or incorporated into other tangible personal property to be transported outside this State and thereafter used or consumed solely outside this State. The Director of Revenue shall, pursuant to rules adopted in accordance with the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act, issue a permit to any taxpayer in good standing with the Department who is eligible for the exemption under this subsection (j). The permit issued under this subsection (j) shall authorize the holder, to the extent and in the manner specified in the rules adopted under this Act, to purchase tangible personal property from a retailer exempt from the taxes imposed by this Act. Taxpayers shall maintain all necessary books and records to substantiate the use and consumption of all such tangible personal property outside of the State of Illinois.
(Source: P.A. 97-73, eff. 6-30-11.)