or governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, even though issued with a defect going to its validity, is valid in the hands of a purchaser for value and without notice of the particular defect unless the defect involves a violation of a constitutional provision. In that case, the security is valid in the hands of a purchaser for value and without notice of the defect, other than one who takes by original issue.
(c) Except as otherwise provided in Section 8-205, lack of
genuineness of a certificated security is a complete defense, even against a
purchaser for value and without notice.
(d) All other defenses of the issuer of a security, including
nondelivery and conditional delivery of a certificated security, are
ineffective against a purchaser for value who has taken the certificated
security without notice of the particular defense.
(e) This Section does not affect the right of a party to cancel a
contract for a security "when, as and if issued" or "when distributed" in the
event of a material change in the character of the security that is the subject
of the contract or in the plan or arrangement pursuant to which the security
is to be issued or distributed.
(f) If a security is held by a securities intermediary against whom an
entitlement holder has a security entitlement with respect to the security, the
issuer may not assert any defense that the issuer could not assert if the
entitlement holder held the security directly.
(Source: P.A. 89-364, eff. 1-1-96.)