instruction by the person promising or ordering payment to do any act in addition to the payment of money, but the promise or order may contain (i) an undertaking or power to give, maintain, or protect collateral to secure payment, (ii) an authorization or power to the holder to confess judgment or realize on or dispose of collateral, or (iii) a waiver of the benefit of any law intended for the advantage or protection of any obligor.
(b) "Instrument" means a negotiable instrument.
(c) An order that meets all of the requirements of subsection (a), except
paragraph (1), and otherwise falls within the definition of "check" in
subsection (f) is a negotiable instrument and a check.
(d) A promise or order other than a check is not an instrument if, at the
time it is issued or first comes into possession of a holder, it contains a
conspicuous statement, however expressed, to the effect that the promise or
order is not negotiable or is not an instrument governed by this Article.
(e) An instrument is a "note" if it is a promise and is a "draft" if it
is an order. If an instrument falls within the definition of both "note"
and "draft", a person entitled to enforce the instrument may treat it as
(f) "Check" means (i) a draft, other than a documentary draft, payable
on demand and drawn on a bank or (ii) a cashier's check or teller's check.
An instrument may be a check even though it is described on its face by
another term, such as "money order".
(g) "Cashier's check" means a draft with respect to which the drawer and
drawee are the same bank or branches of the same bank.
(h) "Teller's check" means a draft drawn by a bank (i) on another bank,
or (ii) payable at or through a bank.
(i) "Traveler's check" means an instrument that (i) is payable on
demand, (ii) is drawn on or payable at or through a bank, (iii) is
designated by the term "traveler's check" or by a substantially similar
term, and (iv) requires, as a condition to payment, a countersignature by a
person whose specimen signature appears on the instrument.
(j) "Certificate of deposit" means an instrument containing an
acknowledgment by a bank that a sum of money has been received by the bank
and a promise by the bank to repay the sum of money. A certificate of
deposit is a note of the bank.
(Source: P.A. 87-582; 87-1135.)