(725 ILCS 120/3)
(from Ch. 38, par. 1403)
The terms used in this Act, unless the context clearly
requires otherwise, shall have the following meanings:
(a) "Crime victim" and "victim" mean (1) a person physically injured in this State as a
result of a violent crime perpetrated or attempted against that person or (2) a
person who suffers injury to or loss of property as a result of a violent crime
perpetrated or attempted against that person or (3) a single
may be the spouse, parent, child or sibling of a person killed as a result of a
violent crime perpetrated against the person killed or the spouse, parent,
child or sibling of any person granted rights under this Act who is physically
or mentally incapable of exercising such rights, except where the spouse,
parent, child or sibling is also the defendant or prisoner or (4) any person
against whom a violent crime has been committed or (5) any person
who has suffered personal injury as a result of a violation of Section 11-501
of the Illinois Vehicle Code, or of a similar provision of a local ordinance,
or of Section 9-3 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012 or (6) in proceedings under the Juvenile Court Act of 1987, both parents, legal guardians, foster parents, or a single adult representative of a minor or disabled person who is a crime victim.
(b) "Witness" means any person who personally observed the commission of
a violent crime and who will testify on behalf of the State of Illinois in
the criminal prosecution of the violent crime.
(c) "Violent Crime" means any felony in which force or threat of force was
used against the victim, or any offense involving sexual exploitation, sexual
conduct or sexual penetration, or a violation of Section 11-20.1, 11-20.1B, or 11-20.3 of the Criminal Code of 1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, domestic battery, violation of an order of
protection, stalking, or any misdemeanor which results in death or great bodily
harm to the victim or any violation of Section 9-3 of the Criminal Code of
1961 or the Criminal Code of 2012, or Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle
Code, or a similar provision of a local ordinance, if the violation resulted
in personal injury or death, and includes any action committed by a juvenile
that would be a violent crime if committed by an adult. For the purposes of
this paragraph, "personal injury" shall include any Type A injury as indicated
on the traffic accident report completed by a law enforcement officer that
requires immediate professional attention in either a doctor's office or
medical facility. A type A injury shall include severely bleeding wounds,
distorted extremities, and injuries that require the injured party to be
carried from the scene.
(d) "Sentencing Hearing" means any hearing where a sentence is imposed
by the court on a convicted defendant and includes hearings conducted
pursuant to Sections 5-6-4, 5-6-4.1, 5-7-2 and 5-7-7 of the Unified Code of
(e) "Court proceedings" includes the preliminary hearing, any hearing the
effect of which may be the release of the defendant from custody or to alter
the conditions of bond, the trial, sentencing hearing, notice of appeal, any
modification of sentence, probation revocation hearings, aftercare release or parole hearings.
(f) "Concerned citizen"
includes relatives of the victim, friends of the victim, witnesses to the
crime, or any other person associated with the victim or prisoner.
(Source: P.A. 97-572, eff. 1-1-12; 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13; 98-558, eff. 1-1-14.)