(725 ILCS 5/110-6.1)
(from Ch. 38, par. 110-6.1)
Denial of bail in non-probationable felony offenses.
(a) Upon verified petition by the State, the court shall hold a hearing to
determine whether bail should be denied to a defendant who is charged with
a felony offense for which a sentence of imprisonment, without probation,
periodic imprisonment or conditional discharge, is required by law upon
conviction, when it is alleged that the defendant's admission to bail poses
a real and present threat to the physical safety of any person or persons.
(1) A petition may be filed without prior notice to
the defendant at the first appearance before a judge, or within the 21 calendar days, except as provided in Section 110-6, after arrest and release of the defendant upon reasonable notice to defendant; provided that while such petition is pending before the court, the defendant if previously released shall not be detained.
(2) The hearing shall be held immediately upon the
defendant's appearance before the court, unless for good cause shown the defendant or the State seeks a continuance. A continuance on motion of the defendant may not exceed 5 calendar days, and a continuance on the motion of the State may not exceed 3 calendar days. The defendant may be held in custody during such continuance.
(b) The court may deny bail to the defendant where, after the hearing, it
is determined that:
(1) the proof is evident or the presumption great
that the defendant has committed an offense for which a sentence of imprisonment, without probation, periodic imprisonment or conditional discharge, must be imposed by law as a consequence of conviction, and
(2) the defendant poses a real and present threat to
the physical safety of any person or persons, by conduct which may include, but is not limited to, a forcible felony, the obstruction of justice, intimidation, injury, physical harm, an offense under the Illinois Controlled Substances Act which is a Class X felony, or an offense under the Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act which is a Class X felony, and
(3) the court finds that no condition or combination
of conditions set forth in subsection (b) of Section 110-10 of this Article, can reasonably assure the physical safety of any other person or persons.
(c) Conduct of the hearings.
(1) The hearing on the defendant's culpability and
dangerousness shall be conducted in accordance with the following provisions:
(A) Information used by the court in its findings
or stated in or offered at such hearing may be by way of proffer based upon reliable information offered by the State or by defendant. Defendant has the right to be represented by counsel, and if he is indigent, to have counsel appointed for him. Defendant shall have the opportunity to testify, to present witnesses in his own behalf, and to cross-examine witnesses if any are called by the State. The defendant has the right to present witnesses in his favor. When the ends of justice so require, the court may exercises its discretion and compel the appearance of a complaining witness. The court shall state on the record reasons for granting a defense request to compel the presence of a complaining witness. Cross-examination of a complaining witness at the pretrial detention hearing for the purpose of impeaching the witness' credibility is insufficient reason to compel the presence of the witness. In deciding whether to compel the appearance of a complaining witness, the court shall be considerate of the emotional and physical well-being of the witness. The pre-trial detention hearing is not to be used for purposes of discovery, and the post arraignment rules of discovery do not apply. The State shall tender to the defendant, prior to the hearing, copies of defendant's criminal history, if any, if available, and any written or recorded statements and the substance of any oral statements made by any person, if relied upon by the State in its petition. The rules concerning the admissibility of evidence in criminal trials do not apply to the presentation and consideration of information at the hearing. At the trial concerning the offense for which the hearing was conducted neither the finding of the court nor any transcript or other record of the hearing shall be admissible in the State's case in chief, but shall be admissible for impeachment, or as provided in Section 115-10.1 of this Code, or in a perjury proceeding.
(B) A motion by the defendant to suppress
evidence or to suppress a confession shall not be entertained. Evidence that proof may have been obtained as the result of an unlawful search and seizure or through improper interrogation is not relevant to this state of the prosecution.
(2) The facts relied upon by the court to support a
finding that the defendant poses a real and present threat to the physical safety of any person or persons shall be supported by clear and convincing evidence presented by the State.
(d) Factors to be considered in making a determination of dangerousness.
The court may, in determining whether the defendant poses a real and
present threat to the physical safety of any person or persons, consider but
shall not be limited to evidence or testimony concerning:
(1) The nature and circumstances of any offense
charged, including whether the offense is a crime of violence, involving a weapon.
(2) The history and characteristics of the defendant
(A) Any evidence of the defendant's prior
criminal history indicative of violent, abusive or assaultive behavior, or lack of such behavior. Such evidence may include testimony or documents received in juvenile proceedings, criminal, quasi-criminal, civil commitment, domestic relations or other proceedings.
(B) Any evidence of the defendant's
psychological, psychiatric or other similar social history which tends to indicate a violent, abusive, or assaultive nature, or lack of any such history.
(3) The identity of any person or persons to whose
safety the defendant is believed to pose a threat, and the nature of the threat;
(4) Any statements made by, or attributed to the
defendant, together with the circumstances surrounding them;
(5) The age and physical condition of any person
assaulted by the defendant;
(6) Whether the defendant is known to possess or have
access to any weapon or weapons;
(7) Whether, at the time of the current offense or
any other offense or arrest, the defendant was on probation, parole, aftercare release, mandatory supervised release or other release from custody pending trial, sentencing, appeal or completion of sentence for an offense under federal or state law;
(8) Any other factors, including those listed in
Section 110-5 of this Article deemed by the court to have a reasonable bearing upon the defendant's propensity or reputation for violent, abusive or assaultive behavior, or lack of such behavior.
(e) Detention order. The court shall, in any order for detention:
(1) briefly summarize the evidence of the defendant's
culpability and its reasons for concluding that the defendant should be held without bail;
(2) direct that the defendant be committed to the
custody of the sheriff for confinement in the county jail pending trial;
(3) direct that the defendant be given a reasonable
opportunity for private consultation with counsel, and for communication with others of his choice by visitation, mail and telephone; and
(4) direct that the sheriff deliver the defendant as
required for appearances in connection with court proceedings.
(f) If the court enters an order for the detention of the defendant
pursuant to subsection (e) of this Section, the defendant
shall be brought to trial on the offense for which he is
detained within 90 days after the date on which the order for detention was
entered. If the defendant is not brought to trial within the 90 day period
required by the preceding sentence, he shall not be held longer without
bail. In computing the 90 day period, the court shall omit any period of
delay resulting from a continuance granted at the request of the defendant.
(g) Rights of the defendant. Any person shall be entitled to appeal any
order entered under this Section denying bail to the defendant.
(h) The State may appeal any order entered under this Section denying any
motion for denial of bail.
(i) Nothing in this Section shall be construed as modifying or limiting
in any way the defendant's presumption of innocence in further criminal
(Source: P.A. 98-558, eff. 1-1-14.)