(720 ILCS 5/17-6.3)
    Sec. 17-6.3. WIC fraud.
    (a) For the purposes of this Section, the Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants and Children administered by the Illinois Department of Public Health or Department of Human Services shall be referred to as "WIC".
    (b) A person commits WIC fraud if he or she knowingly (i) uses, acquires, possesses, or transfers WIC Food Instruments or authorizations to participate in WIC in any manner not authorized by law or the rules of the Illinois Department of Public Health or Department of Human Services or (ii) uses, acquires, possesses, or transfers altered WIC Food Instruments or authorizations to participate in WIC.
    (c) Administrative malfeasance.
        (1) A person commits administrative malfeasance if he
    
or she knowingly or recklessly misappropriates, misuses, or unlawfully withholds or converts to his or her own use or to the use of another any public funds made available for WIC.
        (2) An official or employee of the State or a unit of
    
local government who knowingly aids, abets, assists, or participates in a known violation of this Section is subject to disciplinary proceedings under the rules of the applicable State agency or unit of local government.
    (d) Unauthorized possession of identification document. A person commits unauthorized possession of an identification document if he or she knowingly possesses, with intent to commit a misdemeanor or felony, another person's identification document issued by the Illinois Department of Public Health or Department of Human Services. For purposes of this Section, "identification document" includes, but is not limited to, an authorization to participate in WIC or a card or other document that identifies a person as being entitled to WIC benefits.
    (e) Penalties.
        (1) If an individual, firm, corporation, association,
    
agency, institution, or other legal entity is found by a court to have engaged in an act, practice, or course of conduct declared unlawful under subsection (a), (b), or (c) of this Section and:
            (A) the total amount of money involved in the
        
violation, including the monetary value of the WIC Food Instruments and the value of commodities, is less than $150, the violation is a Class A misdemeanor; a second or subsequent violation is a Class 4 felony;
            (B) the total amount of money involved in the
        
violation, including the monetary value of the WIC Food Instruments and the value of commodities, is $150 or more but less than $1,000, the violation is a Class 4 felony; a second or subsequent violation is a Class 3 felony;
            (C) the total amount of money involved in the
        
violation, including the monetary value of the WIC Food Instruments and the value of commodities, is $1,000 or more but less than $5,000, the violation is a Class 3 felony; a second or subsequent violation is a Class 2 felony;
            (D) the total amount of money involved in the
        
violation, including the monetary value of the WIC Food Instruments and the value of commodities, is $5,000 or more but less than $10,000, the violation is a Class 2 felony; a second or subsequent violation is a Class 1 felony; or
            (E) the total amount of money involved in the
        
violation, including the monetary value of the WIC Food Instruments and the value of commodities, is $10,000 or more, the violation is a Class 1 felony and the defendant shall be permanently ineligible to participate in WIC.
        (2) A violation of subsection (d) is a Class 4 felony.
        (3) The State's Attorney of the county in which the
    
violation of this Section occurred or the Attorney General shall bring actions arising under this Section in the name of the People of the State of Illinois.
        (4) For purposes of determining the classification of
    
an offense under this subsection (e), all of the money received as a result of the unlawful act, practice, or course of conduct, including the value of any WIC Food Instruments and the value of commodities, shall be aggregated.
    (f) Seizure and forfeiture of property.
        (1) A person who commits a felony violation of this
    
Section is subject to the property forfeiture provisions set forth in Article 124B of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963.
        (2) Property subject to forfeiture under this
    
subsection (f) may be seized by the Director of State Police or any local law enforcement agency upon process or seizure warrant issued by any court having jurisdiction over the property. The Director or a local law enforcement agency may seize property under this subsection (f) without process under any of the following circumstances:
            (A) If the seizure is incident to inspection
        
under an administrative inspection warrant.
            (B) If the property subject to seizure has been
        
the subject of a prior judgment in favor of the State in a criminal proceeding or in an injunction or forfeiture proceeding under Article 124B of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963.
            (C) If there is probable cause to believe that
        
the property is directly or indirectly dangerous to health or safety.
            (D) If there is probable cause to believe that
        
the property is subject to forfeiture under this subsection (f) and Article 124B of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963 and the property is seized under circumstances in which a warrantless seizure or arrest would be reasonable.
            (E) In accordance with the Code of Criminal
        
Procedure of 1963.
    (g) Future participation as WIC vendor. A person who has been convicted of a felony violation of this Section is prohibited from participating as a WIC vendor for a minimum period of 3 years following conviction and until the total amount of money involved in the violation, including the value of WIC Food Instruments and the value of commodities, is repaid to WIC. This prohibition shall extend to any person with management responsibility in a firm, corporation, association, agency, institution, or other legal entity that has been convicted of a violation of this Section and to an officer or person owning, directly or indirectly, 5% or more of the shares of stock or other evidences of ownership in a corporate vendor.
(Source: P.A. 96-1551, eff. 7-1-11.)