(410 ILCS 45/11.05)
(a) The General Assembly finds the following:
(1) Lead-based paint poisoning is a potentially
devastating but preventable disease and is the number one environmental threat to children's health in the United States.
(2) The number of lead-poisoned children in Illinois
is among the highest in the nation, especially in older, affordable properties.
(3) Lead poisoning causes irreversible damage to the
development of a child's nervous system. Even at low and moderate levels, lead poisoning causes learning disabilities, speech problems, shortened attention span, hyperactivity, and behavioral problems. Recent research links high levels of lead exposure to lower IQ scores and to juvenile delinquency.
(4) Older housing is the number one risk factor for
childhood lead poisoning. Properties built before 1950 are statistically much more likely to contain lead-based paint hazards than buildings constructed more recently.
(5) Illinois ranks 10th out of the 50 states in the
age of its housing stock. More than 50% of the housing units in Chicago and in Rock Island, Peoria, Macon, Madison, and Kankakee counties were built before 1960 and more than 43% of the housing units in St. Clair, Winnebago, Sangamon, Kane, and Cook counties were built before 1950.
(6) There are nearly 1.4 million households with
lead-based paint hazards in Illinois.
(7) Most children are lead-poisoned in their own
homes through exposure to lead dust from deteriorated lead-paint surfaces, like windows, and when lead paint deteriorates or is disturbed through home renovation and repainting.
(8) The control of lead hazards significantly reduces
lead poisoning rates. Other communities, including New York City and Milwaukee, have successfully reduced lead poisoning rates by removing lead-based paint hazards on windows.
(9) Windows are considered a higher lead exposure
risk more often than other components in a housing unit. Windows are a major contributor of lead dust in the home, due to both weathering conditions and friction effects on paint.
(10) There is an insufficient pool of licensed lead
abatement workers and contractors to address the problem in some areas of the State.
(11) Training, insurance, and licensing costs for
lead removal workers are prohibitively high.
(12) Through grants from the United States Department
of Housing and Urban Development, some communities in Illinois have begun to reduce lead poisoning of children. While this is an ongoing effort, it addresses only a small number of the low-income children statewide in communities with high levels of lead paint in the housing stock.
(b) For purposes of this Section:
"Advisory Council" means the Lead-Safe Housing Advisory
Council created under subsection (c).
"Lead-Safe Housing Maintenance Standards" or "Standards"
means standards developed by the Advisory Council pursuant
to this Section.
"Low-income" means a household at or below 80% of the median
income level for a given county as determined annually by
the United States Department of Housing and Urban
"Primary prevention" means removing lead hazards before a child is
rather than relying on identification of a lead poisoned child as the
(c) The Lead-Safe Housing Advisory
Council is created to advise the Department on lead poisoning prevention
activities. The Advisory Council shall be
chaired by the Director or his or her designee and the chair of the Illinois
Lead Safe Housing Task Force and provided with administrative support by the
Department. The Advisory Council shall be comprised of (i) the directors, or
their designees, of the Illinois Housing Development Authority and the
Environmental Protection Agency; and (ii) the directors, or their designees,
of public health departments of counties identified by the Department that
contain communities with a concentration of
high-risk, lead-contaminated properties.
The Advisory Council shall also include the following members appointed by
(1) One representative from the Illinois Association
(2) One representative from the insurance industry.
(3) Two pediatricians or other physicians with
knowledge of lead-paint poisoning.
(4) Two representatives from the private-sector,
lead-based-paint-abatement industry who are licensed in Illinois as an abatement contractor, worker, or risk assessor.
(5) Two representatives from community based
organizations in communities with a concentration of high risk lead contaminated properties. High-risk communities shall be identified based upon the prevalence of low-income families whose children are lead poisoned and the age of the housing stock.
(6) At least 3 lead-safe housing advocates, including
the parent of a lead-poisoned child, (ii) a
representative from a child advocacy organization,
and (iii) a representative from a tenant housing
(7) One representative from the Illinois paint and
Within 9 months after its
formation, the Advisory Council
shall submit a written report to the Governor and the General Assembly on:
(1) developing a primary prevention program for
addressing lead poisoning;
(2) developing a sufficient pool of lead abatement
(3) targeting blood lead screening to children
residing in high-risk buildings and neighborhoods;
(4) ensuring lead-safe work practices in all
remodeling, rehabilitation, and weatherization work;
(5) funding mechanisms to assist residential property
owners in costs of lead abatement and mitigation;
(6) providing insurance subsidies to licensed lead
abatement contractors who target their work to high-risk communities; and
(7) developing any necessary legislation or
rulemaking to improve the effectiveness of State and local programs in lead abatement and other prevention and control activities.
The Advisory Council shall develop handbooks and training for property owners
explaining the Standards and State and federal requirements for
The Advisory Council shall meet at least quarterly. Its members shall
receive no compensation for
their services, but their reasonable travel expenses actually incurred shall be
reimbursed by the Department.
(Source: P.A. 93-348, eff. 1-1-04; 93-789, eff. 7-22-04.)