(305 ILCS 65/5)
Medicaid Pilot Program; early treatment for youth and young adults.
(a) The General Assembly finds as follows:
(1) Most mental health conditions begin in
adolescence and young adulthood, yet it can take an average of 10 years before the right diagnosis and treatment are received.
(2) Over 850,000 Illinois youth under age 25 will
experience a mental health condition.
(3) Early treatment of significant mental health
conditions can enable wellness and recovery and prevent a life of disability or early death from suicide.
(4) Early treatment leads to higher rates of school
completion and employment.
(5) Illinois' mental health system is aimed at adults
with advanced mental illnesses who have become disabled, rather than focusing on youth in the early stages of a mental health condition to prevent progression.
(6) Many states are implementing programs and
services for the early treatment of significant mental health conditions in youth.
(7) The cost of early community-based treatment is a
fraction of the cost of a life of multiple hospitalizations, disability, criminal justice involvement, and homelessness, the common trajectory for someone with a serious mental health condition.
(8) Early treatment for adolescents and young adults
with mental health conditions will save lives and State dollars.
(b) As the sole Medicaid State agency, the Department of Healthcare and Family Services, in partnership with the Department of Human Services' Division of Mental Health and with meaningful input from stakeholders, shall develop a pilot program under which a qualifying adolescent or young adult, as defined in subsection (d), may receive community-based mental health treatment from a youth-focused community support team for early treatment, as provided in subsection (e), that is specifically tailored to the needs of youth and young adults in the early stages of a serious emotional disturbance or serious mental illness for purposes of stabilizing the youth's condition and symptoms and preventing the worsening of the illness and debilitating or disabling symptoms. The pilot program shall be implemented across a broad spectrum of geographic regions across the State.
(c) Federal waiver or State Plan amendment; implementation timeline.
(1) Federal approval. The Department of Healthcare
and Family Services shall submit any necessary application to the federal Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services for a waiver or State Plan amendment to implement the pilot program described in this Section no later than September 30, 2019. If the Department determines the pilot program can be implemented without federal approval, the Department shall implement the program no later than December 31, 2019. The Department shall not draft any rules in contravention of this timetable for pilot program development and implementation. This pilot program shall be implemented only to the extent that federal financial participation is available.
(2) Implementation. After federal approval is
secured, if federal approval is required, the Department of Healthcare and Family Services shall implement the pilot program within 6 months after the date of federal approval.
(d) Qualifying adolescent or young adult. As used in this Section, "qualifying adolescent or young adult" means a person age 16 through 26 who is enrolled in the Medical Assistance Program under Article V of the Illinois Public Aid Code and has a diagnosis of a serious emotional disturbance as interpreted by the federal Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration or a serious mental illness listed in the most recent edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Because the purpose of the pilot program is treatment in the early stages of a significant mental health condition or emotional disturbance for purposes of preventing progression of the illness, debilitating symptoms and disability, a qualifying adolescent or young adult shall not be required to demonstrate disability due to the mental health condition, show a reduction in functioning as a result of the condition, or have a reality impairment (psychosis) to be eligible for services through the pilot program. A qualifying adolescent or young adult who is determined to be eligible for pilot program services before the age of 21 shall continue to be eligible for such services without interruption through age 26 as long as he or she remains enrolled in the Medical Assistance Program.
(e) Community-based treatment model. The pilot program shall create youth-focused community support teams for early treatment. The community-based treatment model shall be a multidisciplinary, team-based model specifically tailored for adolescents and young adults and their needs for wellness, symptom management, and recovery. The model shall take into consideration area workforce, community uniqueness, and cultural diversity. All services shall be evidence-based or evidence-informed as applicable, and the services shall be flexibly provided in-office, in-home, and in-community with an emphasis on in-home and in-community services. The model shall allow for and include each of the following:
(1) Community-based, outreach treatment, and
wrap-around services that begin in the early stages of a serious mental illness or serious emotional disturbance (functional impairment shall not be required for service eligibility under the pilot program).
(2) Youth specific engagement strategies to encourage
participation and retention in services.
(3) Same-age or similar-age peer services to foster
(4) Family psycho-education and family involvement.
(5) Expertise or knowledge in school and university
systems, special education and work, volunteer and social life for youth.
(6) Evidence-informed and young person-specific
(7) Care coordination for primary care.
(8) Medication management.
(9) Case management for problem solving to address
practicable problems, including criminal justice involvement and housing challenges; and assisting the young person or family in organizing all treatment and goals.
(10) Supported education and employment to keep the
young person engaged in school and work to attain self-sufficiency.
(11) Trauma-informed expertise for youth.
(12) Substance use treatment expertise.
(f) Pay-for-performance payment model. The Department of Healthcare and Family Services, with meaningful input from stakeholders, shall develop a pay-for-performance payment model aimed at achieving high-quality mental health and overall health and quality of life outcomes for the youth, rather than a fee-for-service payment model. The payment model shall allow for service flexibility to achieve such outcomes, shall cover actual provider costs of delivering the pilot program services to enable sustainability, and shall include all provider costs associated with the data collection for purposes of the analytics and outcomes reporting required under subsection (h). The Department shall ensure that the payment model works as intended by this Section within managed care.
(g) Rulemaking. The Department of Healthcare and Family Services, in partnership with the Department of Human Services' Division of Mental Health and with meaningful input from stakeholders, shall develop rules for purposes of implementation of the pilot program contemplated in this Section within 6 months of federal approval of the pilot program. If the Department determines federal approval is not required for implementation, the Department shall develop rules with meaningful stakeholder input no later than December 31, 2019.
(h) Pilot program analytics and outcomes reports. The Department of Healthcare and Family Services shall engage a third party partner with expertise in program evaluation, analysis, and research at the end of 5 years of implementation to review the outcomes of the pilot program in stabilizing youth with significant mental health conditions early on in their condition to prevent debilitating symptoms and disability and enable youth to reach their full potential. For purposes of evaluating the outcomes of the pilot program, the Department shall require providers of the pilot program services to track the following annual data:
(1) days of inpatient hospital stays of service
(2) periods of homelessness of service recipients and
periods of housing stability;
(3) periods of criminal justice involvement of
(4) avoidance of disability and the need for
Supplemental Security Income;
(5) rates of high school, college, or vocational
school engagement and graduation for service recipients;
(6) rates of employment annually of service
(7) average length of stay in pilot program services;
(8) symptom management over time; and
(9) youth satisfaction with their quality of life,
pre-pilot and post-pilot program services.
(i) The Department of Healthcare and Family Services shall deliver a final report to the General Assembly on the outcomes of the pilot program within one year after 4 years of full implementation, and after 7 years of full implementation, compared to typical treatment available to other youth with significant mental health conditions, as well as the cost savings associated with the pilot program taking into account all public systems used when an individual with a significant mental health condition does not have access to the right treatment and supports in the early stages of his or her illness.
The reports to the General Assembly shall be filed with the Clerk of the House of Representatives and the Secretary of the Senate in electronic form only, in the manner that the Clerk and the Secretary shall direct.
Post-pilot program discharge outcomes shall be collected for all service recipients who exit the pilot program for up to 3 years after exit. This includes youth who exit the program with planned or unplanned discharges. The post-exit data collected shall include the annual data listed in paragraphs (1) through (9) of subsection (h). Data collection shall be done in a manner that does not violate individual privacy laws. Outcomes for enrollees in the pilot and post-exit outcomes shall be included in the final report to the General Assembly under this subsection (i) within one year of 4 full years of implementation, and in an additional report within one year of 7 full years of implementation in order to provide more information about post-exit outcomes on a greater number of youth who enroll in pilot program services in the final years of the pilot program.
(Source: P.A. 100-1016, eff. 8-21-18.)