(305 ILCS 5/8A-7) (from Ch. 23, par. 8A-7)
    Sec. 8A-7. Civil Remedies. (a) A person who receives financial aid by means of a false statement, willful misrepresentation or by his failure to notify the county department or local governmental unit, as the case may be, of a change in his status as required by Sections 11-18 and 11-19, for the purpose of preventing the denial, cancellation or suspension of his grant, or a variation in the amount thereof, or by other fraudulent device, or a person who knowingly aids or abets any person in obtaining financial aid for which he is not eligible, shall be answerable to the county department or the local governmental unit, as the case may be, for refunding the entire amount of aid received. If the refund is not made, it shall be recoverable in a civil action from the person who received the aid, or from anyone who willfully aided such person to obtain the aid. If an act which would be unlawful under Section 8A-2 is proven, the court may as a penalty assess an additional sum of money, not to exceed the entire amount of aid provided, against the recipient or against any person who willfully aided the recipient. If assessed, the penalty shall be included in any judgment entered for the aid received, and paid to the county department or the local governmental unit, as the case may be. Upon entry of the judgment a lien shall attach to all property and assets of such person until the judgment is satisfied.
    (b) Any person, firm, corporation, association, agency, institution or other legal entity, other than an individual recipient, that willfully, by means of a false statement or representation, or by concealment of any material fact or by other fraudulent scheme or device on behalf of himself or others, obtains or attempts to obtain benefits or payments under this Code to which he or it is not entitled, or in a greater amount than that to which he or it is entitled, shall be liable for repayment of any excess benefits or payments received and, in addition to any other penalties provided by law, civil penalties consisting of (1) the interest on the amount of excess benefits or payments at the maximum legal rate in effect on the date the payment was made to such person, firm, corporation, association, agency, institution or other legal entity for the period from the date upon which payment was made to the date upon which repayment is made to the State, (2) an amount not to exceed 3 times the amount of such excess benefits or payments, and (3) the sum of $2,000 for each excessive claim for benefits or payments. Upon entry of a judgment for repayment of any excess benefits or payments, or for any civil penalties assessed by the court, a lien shall attach to all property and assets of such person, firm, corporation, association, agency, institution or other legal entity until the judgment is satisfied.
    (c) Civil recoveries provided for in this Section may be recoverable in court proceedings initiated by the Attorney General or, in actions involving a local governmental unit, by the State's Attorney.
    (d) Any person who commits the offense of vendor fraud or recipient fraud as defined in Section 8A-2 and Section 8A-3 of this Article shall forfeit, according to the provisions of this subsection, any monies, profits or proceeds, and any interest or property which the sentencing court determines he has acquired or maintained, directly or indirectly, in whole or in part as a result of such offense. Such person shall also forfeit any interest in, securities of, claim against, or contractual right of any kind which affords him a source of influence over, any enterprise which he has established, operated, controlled, conducted, or participated in conducting, where his relationship to or connection with any such thing or activity directly or indirectly, in whole or in part, is traceable to any thing or benefit which he has obtained or acquired through vendor fraud or recipient fraud.
    Proceedings instituted pursuant to this subsection shall be subject to and conducted in accordance with the following procedures:
    (1) The sentencing court shall, upon petition by the Attorney General or State's Attorney at any time following sentencing, conduct a hearing to determine whether any property or property interest is subject to forfeiture under this subsection. At the forfeiture hearing the People shall have the burden of establishing, by a preponderance of the evidence, that the property or property interests are subject to such forfeiture.
    (2) In any action brought by the People of the State of Illinois under this Section, in which any restraining order, injunction or prohibition or any other action in connection with any property or interest subject to forfeiture under this subsection is sought, the circuit court presiding over the trial of the person charged with recipient fraud or vendor fraud as defined in Sections 8A-2 or 8A-3 of this Article shall first determine whether there is probable cause to believe that the person so charged has committed the offense of recipient fraud or vendor fraud and whether the property or interest is subject to forfeiture under this subsection. To make such a determination, prior to entering any such order, the court shall conduct a hearing without a jury, at which the People shall establish that there is (i) probable cause that the person so charged has committed the offense of recipient fraud or vendor fraud and (ii) probable cause that any property or interest may be subject to forfeiture pursuant to this subsection. Such hearing may be conducted simultaneously with a preliminary hearing, if the prosecution is commenced by information or complaint, or by motion of the People at any stage in the proceedings. The court may accept a finding of probable cause at a preliminary hearing following the filing of an information charging the offense of recipient fraud or vendor fraud as defined in Sections 8A-2 or 8A-3 or the return of an indictment by a grand jury charging the offense of recipient fraud or vendor fraud as defined in Sections 8A-2 or 8A-3 of this Article as sufficient evidence of probable cause as provided in item (i) above. Upon such a finding, the circuit court shall enter such restraining order, injunction or prohibition, or shall take such other action in connection with any such property or other interest subject to forfeiture under this Act as is necessary to insure that such property is not removed from the jurisdiction of the court, concealed, destroyed or otherwise disposed of by the owner of that property or interest prior to a forfeiture hearing under this subsection. The Attorney General or State's Attorney shall file a certified copy of such restraining order, injunction or other prohibition with the recorder of deeds or registrar of titles of each county where any such property of the defendant may be located. No such injunction, restraining order or other prohibition shall affect the rights of any bonafide purchaser, mortgagee, judgement creditor or other lien holder arising prior to the date of such filing. The court may, at any time, upon verified petition by the defendant, conduct a hearing to determine whether all or portions of any such property or interest which the court previously determined to be subject to forfeiture or subject to any restraining order, injunction, or prohibition or other action, should be released. The court may in its discretion release such property to the defendant for good cause shown.
    (3) Upon conviction of a person under this Article, the court shall authorize the Director of the Illinois Department of State Police to seize all property or other interest declared forfeited under this subsection upon such terms and conditions as the court shall deem proper.
    (4) The Director of the Illinois Department of State Police is authorized to sell all property forfeited and seized pursuant to this subsection, unless such property is required by law to be destroyed or is harmful to the public. After the deduction of all requisite expenses of administration and sale, the court shall order the Director to distribute to the Illinois Department an amount from the proceeds of the forfeited property, or monies forfeited or seized, which will satisfy any unsatisfied court order of restitution entered pursuant to a conviction under this Article. If the proceeds are less than the amount necessary to satisfy the order of restitution, the Director shall distribute to the Illinois Department the entire amount of the remaining proceeds. The Director shall distribute any remaining proceeds of such sale, along with any monies forfeited or seized, in accordance with the following schedules:
    (a) 25% shall be distributed to the unit of local government whose officers or employees conducted the investigation into recipient fraud or vendor fraud and caused the arrest or arrests and prosecution leading to the forfeiture. Amounts distributed to units of local government shall be used solely for enforcement matters relating to detection, investigation or prosecution of recipient fraud or vendor fraud as defined in Section 8A-2 or 8A-3 of this Article. Where the investigation, arrest or arrests leading to the prosecution and forfeiture is undertaken solely by the Illinois Department of State Police, the portion provided hereunder shall be paid into the Medicaid Fraud and Abuse Prevention Fund, which is hereby created in the State treasury. Monies from this fund shall be used by the Department of State Police for the furtherance of enforcement matters relating to detection, investigation or prosecution of recipient fraud or vendor fraud. Monies directed to this fund shall be used in addition to, and not as a substitute for, funds annually appropriated to the Department of State Police for medicaid fraud enforcement.
    (b) 25% shall be distributed to the county in which the prosecution and petition for forfeiture resulting in the forfeiture was instituted, and deposited in a special fund in the county treasury and appropriated to the State's Attorney for use solely in enforcement matters relating to detection, investigation or prosecution of recipient fraud or vendor fraud; however, if the Attorney General brought the prosecution resulting in the forfeiture, the portion provided hereunder shall be paid into the Medicaid Fraud and Abuse Prevention Fund, to be used by the Medicaid Fraud Control Unit of the Illinois Department of State Police for enforcement matters relating to detection, investigation or prosecution of recipient fraud or vendor fraud. Where the Attorney General and a State's Attorney have jointly participated in any portion of the proceedings, 12.5% shall be distributed to the county in which the prosecution resulting in the forfeiture was instituted, and used as specified herein, and 12.5% shall be paid into the Medicaid Fraud and Abuse Prevention Fund, and used as specified herein.
    (c) 50% shall be transmitted to the State Treasurer for deposit in the General Revenue Fund.
(Source: P.A. 85-707.)