(225 ILCS 732/1-87)
Water quality investigation and enforcement.
(a) No person shall cause or allow high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations permitted under this Act to violate Section 12 of the Illinois Environmental Protection Act or surface water or groundwater regulations adopted under the Illinois Environmental Protection Act.
(b) The Agency shall have the duty to investigate complaints that activities under this Act have caused a violation of Section 12 of the Illinois Environmental Protection Act or surface or groundwater rules adopted under the Illinois Environmental Protection Act. Any action taken by the Agency in enforcing these violations shall be taken under and consistent with the Illinois Environmental Protection Act, including but not limited to, the Agency's authority to seek a civil or criminal cause of action under that Act. The test results under subsections (b) and (c) of Section 1-80 of this Act may be considered by the Agency during an investigation under this Section.
(c) A person who has reason to believe they have incurred contamination of a water source as a result of high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing may notify the Agency and request an investigation be conducted. The Agency shall forward this request to the Department for consideration of an investigation under Section 1-83 of this Act. If the Agency is provided with notice under subsection (f) of Section 1-83, the Agency shall conduct an investigation to determine whether pollution or diminution is continuing to occur at the location subject to the order, as well as locations identified by the Department or at any other water source within 1,500 feet of the well site. Any person conducting or who has conducted high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations shall supply any information requested to assist the Agency in its investigation. The Agency shall give due consideration to any information submitted during the course of the investigation.
(d) Pollution or diminution is a violation of this Act and may be pursued by the Department subject to the procedures and remedies under Sections 1-100 and 1-105 of this Act.
(e) If an Agency investigation under Section 1-83 or subsection (c) of this Section confirms that the cause of the pollution, diminution, or water pollution is attributable to high volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing operations, in addition to any other relief available under law, the permittee shall be required to reimburse the costs and reasonable expenses incurred by the Agency for all activities related to the investigation and cleanup. These costs shall include, but not be limited to, inspections, investigations, analyses, personnel, direct and indirect costs, studies, assessments, reports, and review and evaluation of that data, as well as costs under the Agency's review of whether the quality of a restored or replaced water supply meets or exceeds the quality of the water supply before it was affected by the permittee. Costs shall be reimbursed to the Agency by the permittee within 30 calendar days after receipt of a written request for reimbursement by the Agency. For all costs that remain unpaid following 30 calendar days after receipt of a written request for reimbursement, the Agency may institute a civil action for cost recovery under subsection (e) of Section 1-101 of this Act. Failure to reimburse the Agency within 30 calendar days after receipt of the written request for reimbursement is a violation of this Act. Reimbursement of costs collected under this subsection shall be deposited by the Agency into the Illinois Clean Water Fund.
(Source: P.A. 98-22, eff. 6-17-13.)