(225 ILCS 422/10)
(Section scheduled to be repealed on January 1, 2022)
In this Act:
"Assignment" means a written authorization by a legal
owner, lien holder, lessor, lessee, or licensed repossession agency authorized by a legal owner, lien holder, lessor or lessee to locate or
repossess, involuntarily or voluntarily, any collateral, including, but not limited to, collateral
registered under the Illinois Vehicle Code that is subject to a
security agreement that contains a repossession clause or is the subject of a rental or lease agreement.
"Assignment" also means a written authorization by an employer
to recover any collateral entrusted to an employee or former
employee if the possessor is wrongfully in the possession of
the collateral. A photocopy, facsimile copy, or electronic copy
of an assignment shall have the same force and effect as an
original written assignment.
"Automobile rental company" means a person or entity whose primary business is renting motor vehicles to the public for 30 days or less.
"Branch office" means each additional office and secured storage facility location of a repossession agency (i) located in and conducting business within the State of Illinois and (ii) operating under the same name as the repossession agency where business is actively conducted or is engaged in the business authorized by the licensure. Each branch office must be individually licensed.
"Collateral" means any vehicle, boat, recreational
vehicle, motor home, motorcycle, or other property
that is subject to a security, lease, or rental agreement.
"Commission" means the Illinois Commerce Commission.
"Debtor" means any person or entity obligated under a lease, rental, or security
"Financial institution" means a bank, a licensee under the Consumer Installment Loan Act, savings bank, savings and loan association, or credit union organized and operating under the laws of this or any other state or of the United States, and any subsidiary or affiliate thereof.
"Legal owner" means a person holding (i) a security
interest in any collateral that is subject to a security
agreement, (ii) a lien against any collateral, or (iii) an
interest in any collateral that is subject to a lease
or rental agreement.
"Licensure" means the approval of the required criteria that has been submitted for review in accordance with the provisions of this Act.
"Licensed recovery manager" means a person who possesses a
valid license in accordance with the provisions of this Act and is in
control or management of an Illinois repossession agency.
"Personal effects" means any property contained within
or on repossessed collateral, or property that is not permanently affixed to the collateral, that is not the property of the legal owner.
"Recovery permit" means a permit issued by the Commission to a repossession agency employee who has met all the requirements under this Act.
"Recovery ticket" means a serialized
record obtained from the Commission for any
repossessed vehicle or collateral evidencing that any person, business, financial
institution, automotive dealership, or repossession agency who shows a recovery ticket
has paid the recovery ticket fee to the Commission.
"Remote storage location" means a secured storage facility of a licensed repossession agency designated for the storage of collateral that is a secure building or has a perimeter that is secured with a fencing construction that makes the area not accessible to the public. A remote storage location shall not transact business with the public and shall provide evidence of applicable insurance to the Commission that specifies the licensed repossession agency as the primary policy holder. A remote storage location shall be located in a commercially zoned area physically located in Illinois.
"Repossession agency" means any person or entity conducting business within the State of
Illinois, that, for any type of consideration, engages in the business
of, accepts employment to furnish, or agrees to provide or provides
property locating services, property recovery,
recovered property transportation, recovered property storage, or all
services relevant to any of the following:
(1) The location, disposition, or recovery of
property as authorized by the self-help provisions of the Uniform Commercial Code.
(2) The location, disposition, or recovery of lost or
(3) Securing evidence concerning repossession and
recovery to be used before any court, board, office, or investigating committee.
(4) Inventory of property contained in or on the
collateral or recovered property.
(5) The possession of collateral.
(6) The prevention of the misappropriation or
concealment of chattel, vehicles, goods, objects, documents, or papers.
"Repossession agency" does not include any of the following:
(1) An attorney at law who is performing his or her
duties as an attorney at law.
(2) The legal owner of collateral that is subject to
(3) An officer or employee of the United States of
America or of this State or a political subdivision of this State while the officer or employee is engaged in the performance of his or her official duties.
(4) A qualified license or recovery permit holder
when performing services for, or on behalf of, a licensed repossession agency.
(5) A collection agency licensed under the
Collection Agency Act when its activities are limited to assisting an owner in the recovery of property that is not collateral, as defined in this Act.
"Repossession agency employee" means any person or self-employed independent contractor who is hired by a repossession agency.
"Salvage auction" means a person or entity whose primary business is the sale of motor vehicles for which insurance companies have made payment of damages on total loss claims.
"Secured storage facility" means an area located on the same premises as a repossession agency office or branch office that is designated for the storage of collateral and is a secure building or has a perimeter that is secured with a fencing construction that makes the area not accessible to the public. Each repossession agency office or
branch office must maintain a secured storage facility.
"Security agreement" means an obligation, pledge,
mortgage, chattel mortgage, lease agreement, rental agreement, deposit, or lien,
given by a debtor as security for payment or performance of his
or her debt by furnishing the creditor with a recourse to be
used in case of failure in the principal obligation. "Security
agreement" includes a bailment where an employer-employee
relationship exists or existed between the bailor and the bailee.
(Source: P.A. 97-576, eff. 7-1-12; 97-708, eff. 7-1-12.)