(225 ILCS 80/3)
(from Ch. 111, par. 3903)
(Section scheduled to be repealed on January 1, 2027)
Practice of optometry defined; referrals; manufacture of lenses
(a) The practice of optometry is defined as the employment of any
and all means for the examination, diagnosis, and treatment of the human
visual system, the human eye, and its appendages without the use of
surgery, including, but not limited to: the appropriate
use of ocular
pharmaceutical agents; refraction and other determinants of visual function;
prescribing corrective lenses or prisms; prescribing, dispensing, or management
of contact lenses; vision therapy; visual rehabilitation; or any other
procedures taught in schools and colleges of optometry approved by the
Department, and not specifically restricted in this Act, subject to
demonstrated competency and training as required by the Board, and pursuant
to rule or regulation approved by the Board and adopted by
A person shall be deemed to be practicing optometry within the meaning of
this Act who:
(1) In any way presents himself or herself to be
qualified to practice optometry.
(2) Performs refractions or employs any other
determinants of visual function.
(3) Employs any means for the adaptation of lenses or
(4) Prescribes corrective lenses, prisms, vision
therapy, visual rehabilitation, or ocular pharmaceutical agents.
(5) Prescribes or manages contact lenses for
refractive, cosmetic, or therapeutic purposes.
(6) Evaluates the need for, or prescribes, low vision
aids to partially sighted persons.
(7) Diagnoses or treats any ocular abnormality,
disease, or visual or muscular anomaly of the human eye or visual system.
(8) Practices, or offers or attempts to practice,
optometry as defined in this Act either on his or her own behalf or as an employee of a person, firm, or corporation, whether under the supervision of his or her employer or not.
Nothing in this Section shall be interpreted (A) to prevent a person from
functioning as an assistant under the direct supervision of a person licensed
by the State of Illinois to practice optometry or medicine in all of its
branches or (B) to prohibit visual screening programs that
are conducted without a fee (other than voluntary donations), by
acting in the public welfare under
the supervision of a committee composed of persons licensed by the State of
Illinois to practice optometry or persons licensed by the State of Illinois
to practice medicine in all of its branches.
(b) When, in the course of providing optometric services to any person,
an optometrist licensed under this Act finds an indication of a disease or
condition of the eye which in his or her professional judgment requires
professional service outside the scope of practice as defined in this Act,
he or she shall refer such person to a physician licensed to practice medicine
in all of its branches, or other appropriate health care practitioner.
Nothing in this Act shall preclude an optometrist from rendering appropriate nonsurgical
(c) Nothing contained in this Section shall prohibit a person from
manufacturing ophthalmic lenses and prisms or the fabrication
of contact lenses according to the specifications prescribed by an optometrist
or a physician licensed to practice medicine in all of its branches, but shall
specifically prohibit (1) the sale or delivery of ophthalmic
lenses, prisms, and contact lenses without a prescription signed by an
optometrist or a physician licensed to practice medicine in all of its
branches and (2) the dispensing of contact lenses by anyone other than a licensed optometrist, licensed pharmacist, or a physician licensed to practice medicine in all of its branches. For the purposes of this Act, "contact lenses" include, but are not limited to, contact lenses with prescriptive power and decorative and plano power contact lenses. Nothing in this Section shall prohibit the sale of contact lenses by an optical firm or corporation primarily engaged in manufacturing or dealing in eyeglasses or contact lenses with an affiliated optometrist who practices and is licensed or has an ancillary registration for the location where the sale occurs.
(d) Nothing in this Act shall restrict the filling of a prescription by a
pharmacist licensed under the Pharmacy Practice Act.
(e) Nothing in this Act shall be construed to restrict the dispensing and sale by an optometrist of ocular devices, such as contact lenses, that contain and deliver ocular pharmaceutical agents permitted for use or prescription under this Act.
(f) On and after January 1, 2018, nothing in this Act shall prohibit an optometrist who is
certified by a school of optometry approved by the Department from performing advanced optometric procedures, pursuant to educational
requirements established by rule, that are
consistent with the recommendations of the Collaborative Optometric/Ophthalmological Task Force created in Section 15.3 of this Act and that are taught
(1) at an accredited, private 4-year school of optometry that is located in a city in Illinois with a population in excess of
1,500,000, or (2) at a school of optometry with a curriculum that is substantially similar to the
curriculum taught at the school of optometry described in item (1) of this subsection.
Advanced optometric procedures do not include the use of lasers.
(Source: P.A. 98-186, eff. 8-5-13; 99-909, eff. 1-1-17.)