a claim is based upon a document, the document, unless
lost or destroyed, shall be filed with the proof of claim. If the document is
lost or destroyed, a statement of that fact and of
circumstances of the loss or destruction shall be included in
the proof of claim.
A claim may be allowed even if contingent or unliquidated as of the date
fixed by the court
pursuant to subsection (a) of Section 194 if it is filed in accordance with
this subsection. Except as otherwise provided in subsection (7), a proof of
claim required under this Section must identify a known loss or occurrence.
(3) Upon the liquidation, rehabilitation, or conservation of
company which has issued policies insuring the lives of persons, the
Director shall, within a reasonable time, after the last day set for the
filing of claims, make a list of the persons who have not filed proofs of
claim with him and whose rights have not been reinsured, to whom it appears
from the books of the company, there are owing amounts on such policies and
he shall set opposite the name of each person such amount so owing to such
person. The Director shall incur no personal liability by reason of any
mistake in such list. Each person whose name shall appear upon said list
shall be deemed to have duly filed prior to the last day set for filing of
claims a proof of claim for the amount set opposite his name on said list.
(4)(a) When a Liquidation, Rehabilitation, or
Conservation Order has been entered in a proceeding against an insurer under
this Code, any insured under an insurance policy shall have
the right to file a contingent claim. The Court at the time of the entry of
the Order of Liquidation, Rehabilitation or Conservation shall fix the final
date for the liquidation of insureds' contingent claims, but
in no event
shall said date be more than 3 years after the last day fixed for the filing of
claims, provided, such date may be extended by the Court on petition of the
Director should the Director determine that such extension will not delay
distribution of assets under Section 210. Such a contingent claim
shall be allowed if such claim is liquidated and the insured
claimant presents evidence of payment of such claim to the Director on or
before the last day fixed by the Court.
(b) When an insured has been unable to liquidate its claim under paragraph
(a) of this subsection (4), the insured may have its claim allowed by
estimation if (i) it may be reasonably inferred from the proof presented upon
the claim that a claim exists under the policy; (ii) the insured has furnished
suitable proof, unless the court for good cause shown shall otherwise direct,
that no further valid claims against the insurer arising out of the cause of
action other than those already presented can be made, and (iii) the total
liability of the insurer to all claimants arising out of the same act shall be
no greater than its total liability would be were it not in liquidation,
rehabilitation, or conservation.
(5) The obligation of the insurer, if any, to defend or continue the
of any claim or suit under a liability insurance policy shall terminate on
the entry of the Order of Liquidation, Rehabilitation or Conservation,
except during the appeal of an Order of Liquidation as provided by Section
190.1 or, unless upon the petition of the Director, the court directs
otherwise. Insureds may include in contingent claims reasonable attorneys
fees for services rendered subsequent to the date of Liquidation,
Rehabilitation or Conservation in defense of claims or suits covered by the
insured's policy provided such attorneys fees have actually been paid by the
assured and evidence of payment presented in the manner required for insured's
(6) When a liquidation, rehabilitation, or
conservation order has been
entered in a proceeding against
an insurer under this Code, any person who has a cause of action against an
insured of the insurer under an insurance
policy issued by the insurer shall have the right to file a
claim in the proceeding, regardless of the fact that the claim
may be contingent, and the claim may be allowed by estimation (a) if it may be
reasonably, inferred from proof presented upon the claim
that the claimant would be able to obtain a judgment upon
the cause of action against the insured; and (b) if
the person has furnished
suitable proof, unless the court for
good cause shown shall otherwise direct, that no further valid claims
against the insurer arising out of the cause of
action other than those
already presented can be made, and (c) the total liability of
insurer to all claimants arising out of the same act shall
be no greater than its total liability would be were it not in liquidation,
(7) Contingent or unliquidated general creditors' and ceding insurers'
claims that are not made absolute and liquidated by the last day fixed by the
court pursuant to subsection (4) may be determined and allowed by estimation.
Any such estimate shall be based upon an actuarial evaluation made
with reasonable actuarial certainty or upon another accepted method of valuing
claims with reasonable certainty and, with respect to ceding insurers' claims,
may include an estimate of incurred but not reported losses.
(7.5) (a) The estimation and allowance of the loss development on a known loss or occurrence shall trigger a reinsurer's obligation to pay pursuant to its reinsurance contract with the insolvent company, provided that the allowance is made in accordance with paragraph (b) of subsection (4) or subsection (6). The Director shall have the authority to exercise all available remedies on behalf of the insolvent company to marshal these reinsurance recoverables.
(b) That portion of any estimated and allowed contingent claim that is attributable to claims incurred but not reported to the insolvent company's reinsured shall not be billable to the insolvent company's reinsurers, except to the extent that (A) such claims develop into known losses or occurrences and become billable under paragraph (a) of this subsection or (B) the reinsurance contract specifically provides for the payment of such losses or reserves.
(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Code, the liquidator may negotiate a voluntary commutation and release of all obligations arising from reinsurance contracts or other agreements.
(8) No judgment against such an insured or an
insurer taken after the date of the entry of the liquidation,
rehabilitation, or conservation order shall be considered in the
as evidence of liability, or of the amount of damages, and no judgment
against an insured or an insurer taken by default, or by collusion prior to
the entry of the liquidation order shall be considered as conclusive
evidence in the proceeding either of the liability of such insured to such
person upon such cause of action or of the amount of damages to which such
person is therein entitled.
(9) The value of securities held by secured creditors shall be
determined by converting the same into money according to the terms of the
agreement pursuant to which such securities were delivered to such
creditors, or by such creditors and the Director by agreement, or by the
court, and the amount of such value shall be credited upon the claims of
such secured creditors and their claims allowed only for the balance.
(10) Claims of creditors or policyholders who have received
voidable under Section 204 or to whom conveyances or transfers,
assignments or incumbrances have been made or given which are void under
Section 204, shall not be allowed unless such creditors or policyholders
shall surrender such preferences, conveyances, transfers, assignments or
(11)(a) When the Director denies a claim or allows a claim for less than
the amount requested by the claimant, written notice of the determination and
of the right to object shall be given promptly to the claimant or the
claimant's representative by first class mail at the address shown on the
proof of claim. Within 60 days from the mailing of the notice, the claimant
file his written objections with the Director. If no such filing is made on a
timely basis, the claimant may not further object to the determination.
(b) Whenever objections are filed with the Director and he does not alter
his determination as a result of the objection and the claimant continues to
object, the Director shall petition the court for a hearing as soon as
practicable and give notice of the hearing by first class mail to the claimant
or his representative and to any other persons known by the Director to be
directly affected, not less than 10 days before the date of the hearing.
(12) The Director shall review all claims duly filed in the liquidation,
rehabilitation, or conservation proceeding, unless otherwise directed by the
court, and shall make such further investigation as he considers necessary.
The Director may compound, compromise, or in any other manner negotiate the
amount for which claims will be recommended to the court. Unresolved disputes
shall be determined under subsection (11).
(13)(a) The Director shall present to the court reports of claims reviewed
under subsection (12) with his recommendations as to each claim.
(b) The court may approve or disapprove any recommendations contained in the
reports of claims filed by the Director, except that the Director's agreements
with claimants shall be accepted as final by the court on claims settled for
$10,000 or less.
(14) The changes made in this Section by this amendatory Act of 1993
liquidation, rehabilitation, or
conservation proceedings that are pending on the effective date of this
amendatory Act of 1993 and to all future liquidation, rehabilitation, or
except that the changes made to the provisions of
this Section by this amendatory Act of 1993 shall not apply to any company
ordered into liquidation on or before January 1, 1982.
(15) The changes made in this Section by this amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly do not apply to any company ordered into liquidation on or before January 1, 2004.
(Source: P.A. 96-1450, eff. 8-20-10.)