TITLE 77: PUBLIC HEALTH
CHAPTER I: DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH
SUBCHAPTER f: EMERGENCY SERVICES AND HIGHWAY SAFETY
PART 515 EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES, TRAUMA CENTER, COMPREHENSIVE STROKE CENTER, PRIMARY STROKE CENTER AND ACUTE STROKE READY HOSPITAL CODE
SECTION 515.4020 FACILITY RECOGNITION CRITERIA FOR THE PEDIATRIC CRITICAL CARE CENTER (PCCC)


 

Section 515.4020 Facility Recognition Criteria for the Pediatric Critical Care Center (PCCC)

 

Any facility seeking PCCC level recognition shall meet requirements for both the EDAP and PCCC levels.

 

a) Facility Requirements

A facility recognized as a PCCC Center shall provide the following:

 

1) An EDAP-recognized emergency department;

 

2) A distinct Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU);

 

3) A PICU Committee established as a standing (interdisciplinary) committee within the hospital with membership including, but not limited to, physicians, nurses, respiratory therapists, and others directly involved in PICU activities;

 

4) Helicopter landing capabilities approved by State and federal authorities;

 

5) Computerized axial tomography (CAT) scan availability 24 hours a day;

 

6) Laboratory 24 hours a day in-house, providing:

 

A) Standard analysis of blood, urine and body fluids;

 

B) Blood typing and cross-matching;

C) Coagulation studies;

 

D) Comprehensive blood bank or an agreement with a community central blood bank;

 

E) Blood gases and pH determinations;

 

F) Microbiology, including the ability to initiate aerobic and anaerobic cultures on site; and

 

G) Drug and alcohol screening;

 

7) Hemodialysis capabilities or a transfer agreement;

 

8) Staff, including a child life specialist, occupational therapy, speech therapy, physical therapy, social work, dietary, psychiatry and child protective services;

 

9) Hospital support staff to act as a resource and participate in multidisciplinary regional pediatric critical care education;

 

10) A plan for implementing a program of public information/education concerning emergency care services for pediatrics; and

 

11) Support for active institutional and collaborative regional research.

 

b) PICU Medical Director Requirements

A Medical Director shall be appointed, and a record of appointment and acceptance shall be in writing.

 

1) Qualifications

The PICU shall have a dedicated Medical Director who is:

 

A) Board certified in Pediatrics by the ABP or the AOBP, and Board certified or in the process of certification in Pediatric Critical Care Medicine by ABP, or Pediatric Intensive Care by AOBP; or

 

B) Board certified in Pediatrics by the ABP or the AOBP, and Board certified in a pediatric subspecialty with at least 50% practice in pediatric critical care. In this situation, a physician who meets the criteria in subsection (b)(1)(A) shall be appointed as Co-director; or

 

C) Board certified in Anesthesiology by the American Board of Anesthesiology (ABA), or the American Osteopathic Board of Anesthesiology (AOBA), with practice limited to infants and children and with a subspecialty certification in Critical Care Medicine. In this situation, a physician who meets the criteria in subsection (b)(1)(A) shall be appointed as Co-director; or

 

D) Board-certified in Pediatric Surgery by the American Board of Surgery (ABS) with a subspecialty certification in Surgical Critical Care Medicine by the ABS. In this situation (ABS), a physician who meets the criteria in subsection (b)(1)(A) shall be appointed as Co-director.

 

2) The Medical Director and/or Co-Director shall achieve certification within seven years after his/her initial acceptance into the certification process for pediatric critical care or intensive care medicine, and shall maintain certification.

 

c) PICU Medical Staff Requirements

 

1) Qualifications

 

A) The PICU shall have 24-hour in-hospital coverage provided by a Board-certified pediatric intensivist, certified by ABP or AOBP, or Board-eligible pediatric intensivist in the process of certification by ABP or AOBP, who is responsible for the supervision of the physicians listed in subsections (c)(1)(A)(i) and (ii), and who is available within 30 minutes in-house after the determination is made that he or she is needed. If the intensivist is not in-house, then one of the following shall be available in-house:

 

i) Board-certified pediatrician certified by ABP or AOBP, or Board-eligible in pediatrics and in the process of Board certification; or

 

ii) A resident of PGY-2 or greater under the auspices of a Pediatric Training Program, in the unit, with a PGY-3 in-house.

 

B) All physicians listed in subsection (c)(1)(A) shall successfully complete and maintain current recognition in one of the following courses: the AHA-AAP PALS or ACEP-AAP APLS. PALS and APLS shall include both cognitive and practical skills evaluation.

 

2) Physician Specialist Availability

If the applying hospital is a Pediatric Trauma Center, the applicable requirements for physician response times that meet Sections 515.2035 and 515.2045 shall be followed.

 

A) Attending level physician specialists shall be on staff and are required to have the following:

 

i) Pediatric proficiency as defined by the hospital credentialing process;

 

ii) Board/sub-board certification in their specialty. If residency trained/board prepared in their specialty, physicians shall achieve certification within seven years after initial acceptance into the board/sub-board certification process, and maintain certification; and

 

iii) 10 hours per year of pediatric CME (category I or II) in his/her specialty.

 

B) The following on-call surgeons with pediatric proficiency shall be available in-house within 60 minutes after the determination is made that they are needed:

 

i) Surgeon; and

 

ii) Neurosurgeon, or transfer agreement with another facility.

 

C) On-call attending anesthesiologists with pediatric proficiency shall be available in-house within 60 minutes after the determination is made that they are needed. CRNAs with pediatric proficiency may initiate appropriate procedures as identified in hospital by-laws.

 

D) On-staff subspecialists with the following pediatric proficiency shall be available to the institution or by phone for consultation within 60 minutes after the determination is made that they are needed:

 

i) Cardiologist;

 

ii) Neonatologist;

 

iii) Nephrologist;

 

iv) Neurologist;

 

v) Orthopedic surgeon;

 

vi) Otolaryngologist; and

 

vii) Radiologist.

 

E) The following physician specialists shall be available in the hospital or by consultation or transfer agreement with another hospital:

 

i) Allergist or immunologist;

 

ii) Cardiothoracic surgeon;

 

iii) Craniofacial (plastic) surgeon;

 

iv) Endocrinologist;

 

v) Gastroenterologist;

 

vi) Hand surgeon;

 

vii) Hematologist-oncologist;

 

viii) Infectious disease;

 

ix) Micro-vascular surgeon;

 

x) Obstetrics/gynecology;

 

xi) Ophthalmologist;

 

xii) Oral surgeon;

 

xiii) Physiatrist (physical medicine & rehabilitation);

 

xiv) Psychiatrist/psychologist;

 

xv) Pulmonologist; and

 

xvi) Urologist.

 

d) PICU Nurse Practitioner and Physician Assistant Qualifications

 

1) Nurse practitioner shall have credentialing as evidenced by the following:

 

A) Completion of a Pediatric Nurse Practitioner program or Pediatric Critical Care Nurse Practitioner Program and certification as an Acute Care Pediatric Nurse Practitioner.

 

B) Current Illinois advanced practice nursing license. For out-of-state facilities that have Illinois recognition under the EMS, trauma or pediatric programs, the professional shall have an unencumbered license in the state in which he or she practices.

 

2) Physician assistant shall have credentialing as evidenced by the following:

 

A) Current Illinois Physician Assistant licensure. For out-of-state facilities that have Illinois recognition under the EMS, trauma or pediatric programs, the professional shall have an unencumbered license in the state in which he or she practices.

 

B) Credentialing that reflects orientation, ongoing training and specific demonstrated competencies in the care of the critically ill and injured pediatric patient as defined by the hospital credentialing process.

 

3) All nurse practitioners and physician assistants shall successfully complete and maintain current recognition in one of the following courses: the AHA-AAP PALS or ACEP-AAP APLS. PALS and APLS shall include both cognitive and practical skills evaluation.

 

4) All nurse practitioners and physician assistants shall have documentation of a minimum of 50 hours of continuing education in pediatric critical care topics every two years that are approved by an accrediting agency.

 

e) PICU Nursing Staff Requirements

 

1) Nurse manager

The PICU shall have a designated nurse manager who shall:

 

A) Be licensed as a Registered Nurse;

 

B) Have three years of clinical critical care experience, with a minimum of one year in clinical pediatric care; and

 

C) Successfully complete and maintain current recognition in one of the following courses: the AHA-AAP PALS or ACEP-AAP APLS. PALS and APLS shall include both cognitive and practical skills evaluation.

 

2) Advanced practice nurse

Clinical nurse specialist (CNS), nurse practitioner (NP): The PICU shall have a designated pediatric CNS or pediatric NP who is available to provide clinical leadership in the nursing management of patients. Certified advanced practice nurses shall:

 

A) Have completed a Pediatric Nurse Practitioner program or Pediatric Clinical Nurse Specialist Program and hold certification as a Pediatric Nurse Practitioner or Pediatric Clinical Nurse Specialist.

 

B) Have an Illinois Advanced Practice Nurse License. For out-of-state facilities that have Illinois recognition under the EMS, trauma or pediatric program, the professional shall have an unencumbered license in the state in which he or she practices;

 

C) Successfully complete and maintain current recognition in one of the following courses: the AHA-AAP PALS or ACEP-AAP APLS. PALS and APLS shall include both cognitive and practical skills evaluation.; and

 

D) Have documentation of a minimum of 50 hours of continuing education in pediatric critical care topics every two years that are approved by an accrediting agency.

 

3) Nursing patient care services

All nurses engaged in direct patient care activities shall:

 

A) Successfully complete a documented hospital and unit orientation according to hospital guidelines before assuming full responsibility for patient care;

 

B) Complete a yearly competency review of high-risk, low-frequency therapies;

 

C) Successfully complete and maintain current recognition in one of the following courses: the AHA-AAP PALS, the ACEP-AAP APLS or the ENA ENPC. PALS, APLS and ENPC shall include both cognitive and practical skills evaluation; and

 

D) Complete a minimum of 16 hours of pediatric emergency/critical care continuing education hours every two years. Continuing education may include, but is not limited to, CEU offerings, case presentations, competency testing, teaching courses related to pediatrics or publications.

 

f) PICU Policies, Procedures, and Treatment Protocols

The PICU will include, but not be limited to, having the following age-specific policies/protocols in place:

 

1) Admission and discharge criteria;

 

2) A staffing policy that addresses nursing shift staffing patterns based on patient acuity;

 

3) A policy for managing the psychiatric needs of the PICU patient; and

 

4) Protocols, order sets, pathways or guidelines for management of high- and low-frequency diagnoses.

 

g) Inter-facility Transfer/Transport Requirements

A PCCC shall:

 

1) Provide necessary consultation to those hospitals with which a transfer agreement is established; accept pediatric transfers from those hospitals; provide feedback as well as quality review to those hospitals on the transfer and management process;

2) Have or be affiliated with a transport system and team to assist referral hospitals in arranging safe pediatric patient transport; and

 

3) Have a transfer/transport policy that addresses the special needs of the pediatric population during transport.

 

h) Quality Improvement Requirements

 

1) Each PCCC shall have members from the PICU, including the Medical Director, and from the Pediatric Department who serve on the Multidisciplinary Pediatric Quality Improvement Committee, which will include, but not be limited to: emergency department, pediatric department, respiratory, laboratory, social service and radiology staff.

 

2) The Multidisciplinary Pediatric Quality Improvement Committee shall perform focused outcome analyses of its PICU and other pediatric inpatient unit services on a quarterly basis that consist of a review of at least the following:

 

A) All pediatric deaths;

 

B) All pediatric inter-facility transfers;

 

C) All pediatric morbidities or negative outcomes that are a result of treatment rendered or omitted;

 

D) Pediatric quality metrics that examine the process of care and identify potential patient care and internal resource problems;

 

E) Child abuse and neglect cases unless review is performed by another committee in the hospital;

 

F) All re-admissions within 48 hours after discharge from the emergency department or inpatient care that result in admission to the PICU; and

 

G) Review of all potential and unanticipated adverse outcomes.

 

i) PICU Equipment (See Appendix O)

The PCCC shall meet all equipment requirements as outlined in Appendix O. In addition, a specialized pediatric resuscitation cart with measuring device shall be readily available on each pediatric unit, containing the required equipment.

 

j) Pediatric Inpatient Care Service Requirements

 

1) Physician requirements

 

A) The Chair of Pediatrics or the Pediatric Inpatient Director shall have certification in pediatrics by the ABP or the AOBP.

 

B) All hospitalists, credentialed by their hospital to provide pediatric unit care, shall successfully complete and maintain current recognition in one of the following courses: the AHA-AAP PALS or the ACEP-AAP APLS. PALS and APLS shall include both cognitive and practical skills evaluation.

 

C) The Medical Director of the PICU, or his/her designee, shall be available on call and for consultation for all pediatric in-house patients who may require critical care.

 

2) Nurse manager requirements

The nurse manager shall:

 

A) Be licensed as an Illinois Registered Nurse. For out-of-state facilities that have Illinois recognition under the EMS, trauma or pediatric programs, the professional shall have an unencumbered license in the state in which he or she practices.

 

B) Have three years of pediatric experience; and

 

C) Complete and maintain current recognition in one of the following courses: AHA-AAP PALS, the ACEP-AAP APLS or the ENA ENPC. PALS, APLS and ENPC shall include both cognitive and practical skills evaluation.

 

3) Nursing patient care services

All nurses engaged in direct patient care activities shall:

 

A) Be licensed as an Illinois Registered Nurse. For out-of-state facilities that have Illinois recognition under the EMS, trauma or pediatric programs, the professional shall have an unencumbered license in the state in which he or she practices.

 

B) Complete a documented hospital and unit orientation according to hospital guidelines before assuming full responsibility for patient care;

 

C) Complete a yearly competency review of high-risk, low-frequency therapies based on patient population;

 

D) Complete and maintain current recognition in one of the following courses: AHA-AAP PALS, the ACEP-AAP APLS or the ENA ENPC. PALS, APLS and ENPC shall include both cognitive and practical skills evaluation; and

 

E) Complete a minimum of 16 hours of pediatric continuing education hours within a two-year period. Continuing education may include, but is not limited to, CEU offerings, case presentations, competency testing, teaching courses related to pediatrics and/or publications.

 

k) Hospital General Pediatric Department Policies, Procedures and Treatment Protocols

The pediatric department shall have, but not be limited to:

 

1) A policy or scope of services that outlines the pediatric department services, ages of patients served, and admission guidelines;

2) A staffing policy that addresses nursing shift staffing patterns based on patient acuity;

 

3) A safety and security policy for the patient in the unit;

 

4) An inter-facility transport policy that addresses safety and acuity;

 

5) An intra-facility transport policy that addresses safety and acuity;

 

6) A latex allergy policy;

 

7) A pediatric organ procurement/donation policy;

 

8) An isolation precautions policy that incorporates appropriate infection control measures;

 

9) A disaster/terrorism policy that addresses the specific medical and psychosocial needs of the pediatric population;

 

10) Protocols, order sets, pathways or guidelines for management of high-risk and low-frequency diagnoses;

 

11) A pediatric policy that addresses the resources available to meet the psychosocial needs of patients and family and appropriate social work referral for the following indicators:

 

A) Child death;

 

B) Child has been a victim of or witness to violence;

 

C) Family needs assistance in obtaining resources to take the child home;

 

D) Family needs a payment resource for their child's health needs;

 

E) Family needs to be linked back to their primary health, social service or educational system;

 

F) Family needs support services to adjust to their child's health condition or the increased demands related to changes in their child's health conditions; and

 

G) Family needs additional education related to the child's care needs to care for the child at home.

 

12) A discharge planning policy or protocol that includes the following:

 

A) Documentation of appropriate primary care/specialty follow-up provisions;

 

B) Mechanism to access a primary care resource for children who do not have a provider;

 

C) Discharge summary provision to appropriate medical care provider, parent/guardian, which includes the following:

 

i) Information on the child's hospital course;

 

ii) Discharge instructions and education; and

 

iii) Follow-up arrangements;

 

D) Appropriate referral of patients to rehabilitation or specialty services for children who may have any of the following problems:

 

i) Require the assistance of medical technology;

 

ii) Do not exhibit age-appropriate activity in cognitive, communication or motor skills, behavioral, or social/emotional realms;

 

iii) Additional medical or rehabilitation needs that may require specialized care, such as medication, hospice care, physical therapy, home health, or speech/language services;

 

iv) Brain injury mild, moderate or severe;

 

v) Spinal cord injury;

 

vi) Seizure behavior exhibited during acute care or a history of seizure disorder and is not currently linked with specialty follow up;

 

vii) Submersion injury, such as a near drowning;

 

viii) Burn (other than a superficial burn);

 

ix) Pre-existing condition that experiences a change in health or functional status;

 

x) Neurological, musculoskeletal or developmental disability; or

 

xi) Sudden onset of behavioral change, for example, in cognition, language or affect.

 

l) Quality Improvement Requirements

Representatives from the pediatric unit shall participate in the multidisciplinary Pediatric Quality Improvement Committee (see subsection (h)).

 

m) Equipment Requirements (See Appendix O.)

The PCCC shall meet all equipment requirements as outlined in Appendix O. In addition, a specialized pediatric resuscitation cart with measuring device shall be readily available on each pediatric unit, containing the required equipment.

 

(Source: Amended at 40 Ill. Reg. 8274, effective June 3, 2016)