TITLE 77: PUBLIC HEALTH
CHAPTER I: DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH
SUBCHAPTER f: EMERGENCY SERVICES AND HIGHWAY SAFETY
PART 515 EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES, TRAUMA CENTER, PRIMARY STROKE CENTER AND EMERGENT STROKE READY HOSPITAL CODE
SECTION 515.2060 TRAUMA PATIENT EVALUATION AND TRANSFER


 

Section 515.2060  Trauma Patient Evaluation and Transfer

 

a)         Patients who are determined in the pre-hospital setting to have sustained hypotension or are victims of cavity penetration of the neck or torso or any other trauma patient as deemed by medical control shall be classified as trauma patients in the field.  The trauma surgeon response time begins at the time of field classification.  The patient shall be immediately evaluated upon arrival at the ED.

 

b)         Patients who are not classified in the field must be evaluated within 10 minutes after arrival at the trauma center.  This evaluation shall be conducted by the attending ED physician or designee.  "Designee", for the purposes of this Section, may refer to ED staff including, but not limited to, a surgeon acting as the ED attending, resident physician, Physician Assistant, or Registered Nurse. By the time the 10 minute evaluation period has elapsed, the patient must be determined to be a Category I trauma patient (Section 515.Appendices C and F of this Part) or Category II (Section 515.Appendix C) or not to have met either Category I or II criteria.  A patient cannot be downgraded once a category has been assigned.  Upgrade to a Category I or II may occur at any time the patient's condition warrants.  The trauma or specialty surgical response time begins at the time of upgrade.

 

c)         EMS Regions or trauma centers may develop triage criteria that expand Category I and II criteria but may not delete any of the minimal criteria in Section 515.Appendix C of this Part.

 

d)         The response period for trauma or specialty surgery for Category I or II patients is as specified in Section 515.2030(c), Section 515.2040(c) and Section 515.Appendix F of this Part.

 

e)         Trauma patients being transferred to a Level I or Level II facility or to more specialized care should be enroute within two hours after arrival when stabilized within the capabilities of the referring institution.

 

f)         The Revised Trauma Score, as specified by the American College of Surgeons, shall be used in all trauma centers.  The Revised Trauma Score is determined by using the following criteria:

 

 

 

Value

Points

1)

Respiratory Rate

10-29/Min

4

 

 

>29/Min

3

 

 

6-9/Min

2

 

 

1-5/Min

1

 

 

0

0

 

 

 

 

2)

Systolic Blood Pressure

greater than 89mmHg

4

 

 

76-89mmHg

3

 

 

50-75mmHg

2

 

 

1-49mmHg

1

 

 

no pulse

0

 

 

 

 

3)

Glasgow Coma Scale

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A)

Eye Opening Response

 

Points

 

 

Spontaneous

 

4

 

 

To Voice

 

3

 

 

To Pain

 

2

 

 

None

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

B)

Best Verbal Response

 

 

 

 

Oriented

 

5

 

 

Confused

 

4

 

 

Inappropriate Words

 

3

 

 

Incomprehensible Sounds

 

2

 

 

None

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

C)

Best Motor Response

 

 

 

 

Obeys Commands

 

6

 

 

Localizes (Pain)

 

5

 

 

Withdraw (Pain)

 

4

 

 

Flexion (Pain)

 

3

 

 

Extension (Pain)

 

1

 

 

None

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total GCS

 

Revised Trauma

 

 

 

 

Points

 

 

13-15

 

=

4

 

 

9-12

 

=

3

 

 

6-8

 

=

2

 

 

4-5

 

=

1

 

 

<4

 

=

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

4)

Revised Trauma Score = Total Points 1 + 2 + 3

 

g)         Each EMS Region may include other criteria in addition to the Revised Trauma Score in defining a trauma patient and specifying where trauma patients should be transported according to the severity of the injury.

 

h)         The components of Section 515.Appendix D of this Part shall be included in the trauma center policy.

 

(Source:  Amended at 22 Ill. Reg. 11835, effective June 25, 1998)