TITLE 35: ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
SUBTITLE M: BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS
CHAPTER I: POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD
SUBCHAPTER b: POTENTIALLY INFECTIOUS MEDICAL WASTES
PART 1422 DESIGN AND OPERATION OF FACILITIES
SECTION 1422.111 DESIGN AND OPERATING STANDARDS AND CRITERIA
Section 1422.111 Design and Operating Standards and Criteria
a) Any person who stores PIMW prior to treatment or disposal on-site or transport off-site must comply with all of the following storage requirements:
1) Store the PIMW in a manner and location that maintains the integrity of the packaging and provides protection from water, rain, and wind.
2) Maintain the PIMW in a nonputrescent state, using refrigeration when necessary.
3) Lock the outdoor storage areas containing PIMW to prevent unauthorized access.
4) Limit access to on-site storage areas to authorized employees.
5) Store the PIMW in a manner that affords protection from animals and does not provide a breeding place or food source for vectors. (Section 56.1(e)(2)(D)(i)-(v) of the Act)
6) PIMW packages must not be compacted or subjected to stress that compromises the integrity of the container.
7) Multiple generators in the same building may store their PIMW packages in a common storage area.
8) Reusable PIMW containers or facility equipment (e.g., carts, squeegees or shovels) which are visually contaminated with PIMW must be cleaned in a designated area in accordance with 35 Ill. Adm. Code 1420.107 of this Subtitle.
9) Residues from cleaning a PIMW contaminated container, equipment or work surface are regulated under this Subtitle, except when directly discharged into a sanitary or combined sewer in accordance with 35 Ill. Adm. Code: Subtitle C.
BOARD NOTE: Interested persons should note that discharges to sewer systems can also be regulated by units of local government.
10) Copies of all PIMW manifests required by 35 Ill. Adm. Code 1420.105 of this Subtitle must be retained by and kept at the storage operation for three (3) years and must be made available at the storage operation during normal business hours for inspection and photocopying by the Agency. The retention period for PIMW manifests is extended automatically during the course of any unresolved enforcement action regarding the storage operation or as requested in writing by the Agency.
11) Upon closure of a storage operation, the owner or operator shall clean the area, equipment and structures in accordance with 35 Ill. Adm. Code 1420.107 of this Subtitle.
b) In addition to the requirements listed in subsection (a) of this Section, storage operations required to have a permit pursuant to 35 Ill. Adm. Code 1420.105 of this Subtitle must also comply with the following requirements that the Agency shall review during the permitting process:
1) Storage operations shall weigh in pounds the amount of PIMW received, unless previously weighed by the transporter. PIMW must be weighed with a device for which certification has been obtained under the Weights and Measures Act (Ill. Rev. Stat. 1991, ch. 147, pars. 101 et seq.) [225 ILCS 470].
2) PIMW packages must be stored in designated areas so as not to contaminate other waste or materials.
3) Cardboard packages must be stored in an enclosed area at an elevation above that of the floor.
4) PIMW must be stored on a surface that allows drainage and collection of liquids and that minimizes exposure to workers and the public.
5) Adequate aisle space, as specified in the permit, must be maintained between packages to allow inspection of at least one (1) side of each package. Packages must be stacked so that labels are readable. A vehicle containing PIMW is exempt from the above aisle space requirement:
A) When loading or unloading a vehicle; or
B) When a fully-loaded vehicle is on a site.
Either exemption, or both exemptions, must not exceed five (5) calendar days.
6) Material handling equipment must be designed so as to maintain the integrity of the package.
7) Signs identifying the storage operation must be prominently displayed at the points of access to the secured storage area. Signs must be marked in lettering that is readable at a minimum distance of five (5) feet. At a minimum, the signs must display the International Biohazard Symbol as shown in 35 Ill. Adm. Code 1421.Illustration A and the word "biohazard".
8) Personnel training must be provided to all staff prior to the handling of PIMW. Annual personnel training must include, at a minimum, a thorough explanation of the operating procedures to be taken during normal and emergency situations. The owner or operator shall keep records verifying training of personnel.
9) Storage operations must have a written contingency plan and the applicable sections must be implemented in the event of a discharge or personal injury. The contingency plan must describe the actions that personnel shall take in response to emergency situations such as, but not limited to, personal injury, discharges of PIMW, rupture of plastic bags and equipment failure. This contingency plan must, at a minimum, include a list of all emergency equipment at the storage operation, an up-to-date list of names, addresses and phone numbers (office and home) of all persons qualified to act as emergency coordinator, procedures for cleanup, protection of personnel, disposal of spill residue, repackaging of PIMW and alternate arrangements for PIMW storage and transfer. A copy of the contingency plan must be maintained at the storage operation. Emergency phone numbers and a brief description of the emergency procedures must be posted at the storage operation.
10) The owner or operator shall keep a written operating record at the storage operation. At a minimum, the following information must be recorded and maintained in the operating record:
A) Quantities and disposition of PIMW stored or transferred;
B) Date and time the PIMW arrived at the permitted storage operation site;
C) Date and time the PIMW left the storage operation;
D) Waste stream permit number (authorization number), if applicable, issued by the Agency;
E) Generator name(s), location(s) and if applicable, the generator identification number(s) issued by the Agency for each PIMW load received at the storage operation;
F) Temperature(s) the PIMW load was maintained at the storage operation;
G) Destination of packages, which must include at a minimum the name of the receiving facility, the location of the receiving facility, the identification number of the receiving facility issued by the Agency (if applicable) and the disposition (i.e., storage, transfer, treatment or disposal); and
H) In a separate log, the date, time, nature and extent of all discharges and personal injuries and the date, time, nature and result of any response(s) taken.
11) The records required by subsections (b)(8) and (10) of this Section must be retained by and kept at the storage operation and must be made available at the storage operation during normal business hours for inspection and photocopying by the Agency. These records must be kept until closure of the storage operation. The retention period is extended automatically during the course of any unresolved enforcement action regarding the storage operation or as requested in writing by the Agency.
12) Unless otherwise authorized by the Agency in the permit, PIMW must not be stored for more than:
A) Seventy-two (72) hours at the storage operation unless the surface temperature of the package is maintained at or below 45 degrees Fahrenheit, and
B) Thirty (30) days at the storage operation regardless of temperature.
13) At least sixty (60) days prior to closing a storage operation, the owner or operator shall notify the Agency of the planned closure. Within ninety (90) days after the date the final load of PIMW is received at the storage operation, the owner or operator shall certify to the Agency that final closure has been completed in accordance with the permit, the Act and all applicable regulations promulgated thereunder.